Giáo án English 7 - Unit 10: Health and hygiene

Dr. Lai is a dentist. She looks after peoples teeth. Dr. Lais Surgery is clean and tidy, and so is her uniform. Most children are scared when they come to see Dr. Lai, but she is a kind woman. She explains what will happen so they are not afraid. Dr. Lai often gives children advice. She tells them how to look after their teeth. She reminds them to brush their teeth regularly and eat sensibly

 

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 CB111a	 CB 111 
 Date : ngày tháng 
 Time : giờ phút ~ giờ phút
 Name: ____________________
UNIT 10: HEALTH AND HYGIENE
v “Why” (tại sao)
	Ä “Why” là 1 trạng từ nghi vấn dùng để hỏi lí do hoặc nguyên nhân
Why + auxiliary verb (trợ động từ) + S + V?
_ Why were you late for school yesterday?
 (hôm qua sao bạn đi học trễ?)
v Because (vì, bởi vì)
	Ä “Because” là một liên từ dùng để chỉ lí do, nguyên nhân hoặc để trả lời cho câu hỏi “Why”
_ We stay at home because it’s raining.
 (chúng tôi ở nhà vì trời mưa)
_ Why were you late for school yesterday?
 (tại sao hôm qua bạn đi học trễ?)
_ Because I was stuck in a traffic jam.
 (vì tôi đã bị kẹt xe)
CB111b
Make the questions and answers with “Why” and “because”, using the given words (sử dụng từ gợi ý, đặt câu hỏi và trả lời với “Why” và “because”)
_ Thu / go to the dentist / ? // have a toothache
® Why does Thu go to the dentist?
 Because she has a toothache.
1. children / often have toothache / ? // eat lots of candy
 @	
 @	
2. we / brush our teeth after meals / ? // want to have healthy teeth
 @	
 @	
3. Lan / be late for class yesterday / ? // miss the first bus
 @	
 @	
 CB112a	 CB 112
Make the questions with the underlined words
 (đặt câu hỏi với các từ gạch dưới)
_ They traveled to the USA by plane last month.
® How did they travel to the USA last month?
1. @	
® Nga brushes her teeth three times a day.
2. 	@	
® The students are practicing their English at the moment.
3. 	@	
® She went to the doctor because she had a backache. 
4. @	
® We met her at the City’s theater last night.
5. @	
® He had an appointment at 10:30.
6. 	
® Lan didn’t go to school because she was sick.
CB112b
* Review
v Prepositions 
² on: trên, ở trên
_ There is a dictionary on a bookshelf.
 (có một quyển từ điển trên kệ sách)
² near: gần
_ The clothing store is near the shoe store.
 (cửa hàng quần áo thì ở gần cửa hàng giày)
² next to: bên cạnh, sát bên
_ Peter sits next to Paul in the class.
 (Peter ngồi cạnh Paul trong lớp)
² between: ở giữa (hai người hoặc 2 vật)
_ I sit between Lan and Mai on the sofa.
 (tôi ngồi giữa Lan và Mai trên ghế sofa)
² beside: bên cạnh ai / cái gì
_ There is a fridge beside the table.
 (có 1 cái tủ lạnh kế bên cái bàn)
² opposite: đối diện, trước mặt
_ The bookstore is opposite the movie theater.
 (Nhà sách ở đối diện với rạp chiếu phim)
² to the left: về phía trái 
² to the right: về phía phải
 CB113a	CB 113
Choose the best answer (chọn câu trả lời đúng)
1. Lan sits ______ her mother on the sofa.
a. next to	b. at	c. to
2. The souvenir shop is ______ the bookstore and the hotel. 
a. opposite	b. between	c. next to
3. The English book is ______ the table.
a. near	b. on	c. opposite
4. The shoe store is ______ the hair dresser’s.
a. beside	b. next to	c. a &b are right
5. My house is ______ a bookstore.
a. opposite	b. in	c. between
6. The library is ______ Tay Street. It’s ______ in the park. 
a. on / in	b. in / to the left	
c. on / to the right
7. How far is it ______ the restaurant ______ the hospital?
a. near / to	b. from / to	c. from / in
CB113b
How much + is / are + S?
v How much ?
F Trả lời: It is + số tiền
 They are 
_ How much is this envelope?
 (cái phong bì này giá bao nhiêu?)
_ It’s 2000 dong.
 (giá 2000 đồng)
_ How much are these books?
 (những quyển sách này giá bao nhiêu?)
_ They are 50.000 dong.
 (chúng giá 50.000 đồng)
Ø Lưu ý: đại từ it và they có thể được dùng làm chủ ngữ khi món hàng đã được xác định.
_ How much is it?
_ How much are they?
 CB114a	CB 114
Make questions and answers from the given words using “How much”
 (Đặt câu hỏi và trả lời từ các từ cho sẵn)
1. these pencils / 10.000 dong
 @	
 @	
2. those sandwiches / twenty- eight thousand dong
 @	
 @	
3. This book / 50.000 dong
 @	
 @	
4. These envelopes / 8.000 dong
 @	
 @	
5. The phone card / 100.000 dong
 @	
 @	
6. The picture / 64.000 dong
 @	
 @	
CB 114b
v How far (bao xa)
How far is it from  to ?
F Để hỏi khoảng cách giữa 2 nơi, ta dùng
+ Trả lời: It’s  meter(s) / kilometer(s)
_ How far is it from the market to the bus stop?
 (từ chợ đến trạm xe buýt bao xa?)
_ It’s about 400 meters.
 (khoảng 400 mét)
Ø Lưu ý: 
	Ä Trong câu trả lời về khoảng cách thường có trạng từ about (khoảng chừng) khi không biết độ dài chính xác.
 CB115a	 CB 115
Choose the correct answer (chọn câu trả lời đúng)
_ How much (is / are) this picture?
1. 	How (far / much) are these notebooks?
2. 	(It / They) are 28000 dong.
3. 	This post card (cost / is) two thousand dong.
4. 	How (much / far) is it from your company to school?
5. 	How much does that watch (cost / want)?
6. 	(It’s / They’re) about 500 meters.
7. 	How much is (it / they)?
8. 	An envelope (is / are) 800 dong.
9. 	These rulers (is / are) 10000 VND.
10. 	How much (are / is) they?
11. 	How (much / far) is it from here to the USA?
12. (Why /What) did she go to the dentist last week?
13. How (many / much) eggs does she need?
14. How (Ỉ / far) do you go to work?
 _ By car.
CB115b
Use “because” to match A and B
(Dùng liên từ “because” để nối A và B sao cho thích hợp)
 A
1. I was absent from class yesterday
2. Minh is going to see the dentist
3. She has healthy teeth
4. Children have toothache
5. He was happy
6. We jog every morning
 B
_ His decaying tooth stopped hurting
_ They often eat a lot of candy
_ I was sick
_ It is good for our health
_ He has a toothache
_ She brushes her teeth after every meal
1. I was absent from class yesterday because I was sick.
2. 	
3. 	
4. 	
5. 	
6. 	
 CB116a	 CB 116
Date: ngày tháng 
Time: giờ phút ~ giờ phút
UNIT 10: HEALTH AND HYGIENE
v Imperative sentences (câu mệnh lệnh)
	Ø Câu mệnh lệnh là câu dùng động từ để ra lệnh, sai khiến hoặc đề nghị. Có 2 loại câu mệnh lệnh:
a. Câu mệnh lệnh khẳng định
V(inf without to) + O
V(inf without to) + preposition 
	Ä Dùng để ra lệnh, sai khiến hoặc đề nghị ai làm điều gì, được bắt đầu bằng một động từ nguyên mẫu không “to”
_ Open the door. (hãy mở cửa ra)
_ Get out of here. (hãy ra khỏi đây)
CB116b
b. Câu mệnh lệnh phủ định
	Ä Dùng để ra lệnh, yêu cầu hoặc đề nghị ai đừng làm điều gì
Don’t + V(inf without to) + O
_ Don’t close the door. (đừng đóng cửa)
Write the imperative sentences
(viết câu mệnh lệnh hoặc yêu cầu)
_ You should go to bed early. 
→ Go to bed early.
1. You should not stay up late.
 @	
2. You should brush your teeth after meals.
 @	
3. You should not play soccer in the street.
 @	
4. You should wash your hands before meals.
 @	
5. You should not eat too much candy.
 @	
 CB117a	 CB 117
v Review 
1. The present simple tense
Positive: S + Vs/es + O
Negative: S + do/ does + not + V bare_inf
Interrogative: Do/ Does + S + V bare-inf?
Choose the correct answer (chọn câu trả lời đúng)
_ We (go/ went) to school every morning.
1. Water (boil / boils) at 1000 C.
2. They (watches / watch) TV every night.
3. Lan (don’t like / doesn’t like) coffee.
4. Ha and Nam (go / goes) to the library every Tuesday.
5. (Do / Did) you go to English club every day?
6. The sun (rise / rises) in the East.
7. (Do / Will) she go to school tomorrow?
8. He (walk / walks) in the park every night.
CB117b
2. The simple past tense
Positive: 	S + V2/ed
Negative: 	S + did not + V
Interrogative: 	Did + S + V?
Choose the correct answer (chọn câu trả lời đúng)
_ He (get / got) up at 6 yesterday morning.
1. 	What (did / do) you (did / do) last Sunday?
2. 	Hanh (was / is) late for school this morning.
3. 	My mother didn’t (watched / watch) TV last 	night.
4. 	Did her sister (make / made) a birthday cake for 	her?
5*. My mother (plant / plants) flowers in the garden.
6*. 	He (studys / studies) English every night. 
7. 	Bill didn’t (go / went) to school yesterday.
8. 	Did he (meet / meets) her last night?
9. 	Why (was / were) you late for class last Monday? CB118a	 CB 118
Put the verbs in brackets into the correct form
 (chia động từ trong ngoặc theo đúng thì) 
1. 	Lan (finish) ________ this homework last night.
2. 	They (not, go) ________ to school yesterday.
3. 	Nga (wash) ________ her bike two hours ago.
4. 	________ you (study) ________ English every 	Tuesday?
5. 	________ he (study) ________ English last 	week?
6. 	She (not, phone) ________ me every day.
7. 	Her father (work) ________ at this factory 4 	years ago.
8. 	Long and Ba usually (play) ________ soccer 	after school.
9. 	She (lose) ________ her job in 2008.
10. 	________ Ann (clean) ________ the floor 	yesterday?
11*. I (clean) ________ my room every day, but 	yesterday I (forget) ________ to clean it.
12*. Minh (go) ________ to the dentist tomorrow.
CB118b
Change the following sentences into the negative and interrogative form
(đổi những câu sau sang thể phủ định và nghi vấn)
_ Nga brushes her teeth three times a day.
→ Nga doesn’t brush her teeth three times a day.
→ Does Nga brush her teeth three times a day?
1. Nam and I played badminton last afternoon.
 @	
 @	
2. My sister wrote diary 2 years ago.
 @	
 @	
3. The class starts at 7 o’clock in the morning.
 @	
 @	
4. They visit their grandparents every week.
 @	
 @	
 CB119a	 CB 119
Positive: 	S + am / is / are + V_ing
Negative: 	S + am / is / are not + V_ing
Interrogative: 	Am / Is / Are + S + V_ing?
3. The present progressive tense
Write the sentences with the given words. Using the present progressive tense
(viết câu với các từ gợi ý. Dùng thì hiện tại tiếp diễn) _ I / read / a newspaper / now
→ I am reading a newspaper now.
1. They / study / Geography / at this time
 @	
2. He / listen to / the radio / now
 @	
3. My mother / watch / television / at the moment
 @	
4. Nam and Minh / have / lunch / at present
 @	
5. He / take a shower / now
 @	CB119b
Put the verbs in brackets into the correct form
 (chia động từ trong ngoặc theo đúng thì) 
_ Lan (be) was a good student last year.
1. 	The store (open) ________ at 7 o’clock and 	(close) ________ at 18.00 every day.
2. 	She (like) ________ music.
3. 	Tom (not, go) ________ to school yesterday.
4. 	________ you (get) ________ up early every 	day?
5. 	My brother (play) ________ a new game at this 	time.
6. 	Mr. John (not, visit) ________ his mother every 	week.
7.	 ________ their friends (go) ________ to the 	library three times a week?
8. 	Where’s Tom? He (sleep) ________ now.
9. 	________ she (cook) ________ the dinner at the 	moment?
10. 	The sun (rise) ________ in the East.
 CB120a	 CB 120
Read the passage and answer the questions
 (Đọc đoạn văn và trả lời câu hỏi)
Dr. Lai is a dentist. She looks after people’s teeth. Dr. Lai’s Surgery is clean and tidy, and so is her uniform. Most children are scared when they come to see Dr. Lai, but she is a kind woman. She explains what will happen so they are not afraid. Dr. Lai often gives children advice. She tells them how to look after their teeth. She reminds them to brush their teeth regularly and eat sensibly
Questions:
1. What does Dr. Lai do?
 @	
2. How is Dr. Lai‘s surgery?
 @	
3. Does she often give children advice?
 @	
4. What does she tell them?
 @	
5. What does she remind them? 
 @_____________________________________
CB120b
Find out the mistake from the underlined words 
_ She plays soccer yesterday.
 A B C
→ câu A: played
1. My brother went to bed early every night.
 A B C 
2. Do Nam study French last month?
 A B C 
3. When I was young, I drink 3 glasses of milk 
 A B C 
 everyday.
4. Yesterday, Lan and I come to a party.
 A B C
5. We wrote an essay in the library now.
 A B C
6. My mother drink tea every morning.
 A B C
7. Don’t goes out alone at night.
 A B C

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