Giáo án Tiếng Anh 7 - Các kiểu câu so sánh

CÁC KIỂU CÂU SO SÁNH

I.So sánh bằng:

* form: S1 + V + as + adv + as + S2.

 S1 + Be + as + adj + as + S2.

* eg: - She runs as quickly as her brother.

 - John is as tall as Tom.

 *So sánh không bằng/ kém hơn.

 * form: S1 + not + be/V + as/so + adj/adv + as + S2.

 S1 + be/V + less + adj/adv + than + S2.

*eg: - He is not so good as his brother.

 - I am less rich than you.

II.So sánh hơn.

*Đối với tính từ, trạng từ ngắn.

*form: adv/adj + ER + than

*eg: Mr Brown is older than Mr Peter.

 He drives runner than I (do).

*Đối với tính từ, trạng từ dài.

 * form: more + adv/adj + than

 *eg: A car is more expensive than a bicycle.

 Ha writes more carefully than Hai.

III.So sánh hơn nhất.

*Đối với tính từ, trạng từ ngắn.

 * form: the + adv/adj + EST

 *eg: Ha is the tallest in the class.

 Lan runs the fastest in the class.

*Đối với tính từ, trạng từ dài

*form: the + most + adv/adj

*eg: This is the most difficult lesson in the book

 Huong speaks English the most fluenty in my class.

 

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CÁC KIỂU CÂU SO SÁNH
I.So sánh bằng:
* form: S1 + V + as + adv + as + S2.
 S1 + Be + as + adj + as + S2.
* eg: - She runs as quickly as her brother.
 - John is as tall as Tom.
 *So sánh không bằng/ kém hơn.
 * form: S1 + not + be/V + as/so + adj/adv + as + S2.
 S1 + be/V + less + adj/adv + than + S2.
*eg: - He is not so good as his brother.
 - I am less rich than you.
II.So sánh hơn.
*Đối với tính từ, trạng từ ngắn.
*form: adv/adj + ER + than 
*eg: Mr Brown is older than Mr Peter.
 He drives runner than I (do).
*Đối với tính từ, trạng từ dài.
 * form: more + adv/adj + than
 *eg: A car is more expensive than a bicycle.
 Ha writes more carefully than Hai. 
III.So sánh hơn nhất.
*Đối với tính từ, trạng từ ngắn.
 * form: the + adv/adj + EST
 *eg: Ha is the tallest in the class.
 Lan runs the fastest in the class.
*Đối với tính từ, trạng từ dài
*form: the + most + adv/adj 
*eg: This is the most difficult lesson in the book
 Huong speaks English the most fluenty in my class.
 IV/- So sánh kép (double comparisons)
Là loại so sánh với cấu trúc: Càng càng Các Adj so sánh phải đứng ở đầu câu, trước chúng phải có The. Dùng một trong hai mẫu câu sau đây để so sánh kép:
The+ comparative + S + be/V, the + comparative + S + be/V
(comparative: hình thức so sánh hơn)
Ex:      The hotter it is, the more miserable I feel.
The sooner you take your medicince, the better you will feel.
The bigger they are, the faster they fall.
            The more you study, the smarter you will become.
Trong trường hợp nếu cả hai vế đều có chủ ngữ giả it is thì có thể bỏ chúng đi 
* Các trường hợp ngoại lệ
So sánh hơn
So sánh hơn nhất
Good/ well (tốt)
better
best
Bad/ badly (xấu)
worse
worst
Many/ much (nhiều)
more
most
Little (ít)
less
least
Far (xa)
farther/further
farthest/furthest
B.Bài tập.
 I.Chọn từ hoặc cụm từ đúng trong ngoặc.
1.Of the four dresses, I like the red one(better/best)
2. Bill is the (happier/happiest) person we know.
3. Pat’s cat is (faster/fastest) than Peter’s.
4.This poster is (colourfuler/more colourful) than the one in the hall.
5.Does Fred feel ( weller/better) today than he did yesterday?
6.This vegetable soup tastes very( good/best)
7.Jane is the ( less/least) athletic of all the women.
8. My cat is the ( prettier/ prettiest) of the two.
9.This summary is ( the better/ the best) of the pair.
10. The colder the weather gets,(sicker/the sicker) I feel.
II.Dùng hình thức đúng của tính từ/ trạng từ trong ngoặc.
1.Mary is (pretty) as her sister.
2. A new house is (expensive) than an old one.
3. His job is( important) than mine.
4. Of the four ties, I like the red one(well).
5. Nobody is (happy) than Miss Snow.
6.Today English is the ( international) of languages.
7.Jonh is much( strong) than I thought.
8. Benches are ( comfortable) than arm- chairs.
9. Bill is (good) than you thought.
10.Mr Bush is the (delightful) person I have ever known.
11.Dick is the ( careful) of the three workers.
12.Is the book( interesting) than the one you read last week?
13. Gold is ( precious) than iron.
14.The weather today is ( warm) than the weather yesterday.
15.This film is not (good) as the one we saw last week.
16.Holidays are( pleasant) than working days.
17.Which is ( high) mountain in your country?
18. A house is ( strong) than a dog.
19. Robert is ( fat) than his brother.
20.The Pacific is ( large) ocean in the world.
III. Viết lại câu sau, bắt đầu bằng các từ cho sẵn.
 1.Yesterday the temperature was nine degrees. Today it’s only six degrees.
 => It’s .
2.The journey takes four hours by car and five hours by train.
=>It takes.
3. We were very busy at work today. We are not as busy as that every day.
=> We
4. Jane cooks better than her sister.
=> Jane’s sister.
5.Tom is the best football player in this team.
=> Nobody in this team..
CÁC HÌNH THỨC SO SÁNH
I- Hãy viết hình thức so sánh hơn và nhất của các tính từ sau:
ADJ
Hơn
Nhất
ADJ
Hơn
Nhất
1- cheap
cheaper
The cheapest
7- long
........................
........................
2- fast
........................
........................
8- small
........................
........................
3- big
........................
........................
9- happy
........................
........................
4- short
........................
........................
10- old
........................
........................
5- good
........................
........................
11- hard
........................
........................
6- noisy
........................
........................
12- young
........................
........................
II- Cho từ trái nghĩa của các từ sau : 
1- black
..........................
11- noisy
........................
2- heavy
..........................
12- young
........................
3- strong
..........................
13- near
.........................
4- expensive
..........................
14- front
.........................
5- fat
..........................
15- busy
.........................
6- long
..........................
16- cold
..........................
7- big
..........................
17- left
..........................
8- late
..........................
18- full
..........................
9- wide
..........................
19- easy
..........................
10- good
..........................
20- tall
..........................
III - Dùng so sánh hơn để viết những câu sau:
Ex: Hue / small / Hanoi -> Hue is smaller than Hanoi.
1- My school / big / your school.............................................................................................
2- Lan / young / Hoa.-> .......................................................................................
3- My father / old / my mother.....................................................................................
4- This ruler / long / that ruler..........................................................................................
5- This room / large / my room............................................................................................
6- The boys / strong / the girls.........................................................................................
7- My house / tall / your house......................................................................................
8- Nam / short / his sister................................................................................................
V- Viết lại các câu sau sao cho nghĩa không đổi:
1- Lan is taller than Hoa. -> Hoa is ..
2- I am bigger than my sister. -> My sister is .....
3- Jane cooks better than me. -> I cook..
4- My mom is younger than my dad. -> My dad is.
5- Nam is thinner than Minh. -> Minh is 
6- My father is heavier than me. -> I am ...
7- That tree is higher than this tree. -> This tree is . 
8- My shirt is older than your shirt. -> Your shirt is ..
IV- Cho dạng so sánh đúng của tính từ trong ngoặc: 
1- Rivers are (big). than lakes. 
2- The Mekong river is (long).. than the Red river. 
3- Everest is the (high). mountain in the world. 
4- Hoa is the (short) girl in our class. 
5- My mother is (old) .than my teacher.
6- The Amazon River is the (deep) river in the world
7- The Summer is the (hot). season in a year. 
8- Nga and Lan are (short).. than Minh. 
9- My mother is (young) than my father. 
10- Ha Noi is (small).than Ho Chi Minh city.
11- This boy is (tall)..than that boy. 
12- A dictionary is (thick).. than a notebook. 
13- The Great Wall is the (long) .structure in the world 
14-Buildings are (high).. than houses. 
15- Lan is the (happy). student in my class. 
16- Our parents are the (good).. people.
17- This girl is the (thin) in her class. 
18- The winter is the (cold). season in a year. 

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