Giáo án Tiếng Anh 8 thí điểm - Unit 5: Festivals in Viet Nam

UNIT 5: FESTIVALS IN VIET NAM

Lesson 1: Getting started

Objectives:

By the end of this unit, students can:

•Stress correctly multi-syllable words with –ion and –ian endings

•Use lexical items related to the topic ‘Festivals in Viet Nam’

•Write compound sentences using conjunctions and, but, or, yet, so and conjunctive adverbs however, nevertheless, moreover, therefore, otherwise

•Write complex sentences using subordinators because, if, when, while, although, even though

•Read for specific information about festivals

•Talk about a festival

•Listen for specific information about a festival

•Write about a festival they like or have been to

Getting started

Which festival should I see?

 

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UNIT 5: FESTIVALS IN VIET NAM
Lesson 1: Getting started
Objectives:
By the end of this unit, students can:
•Stress correctly multi-syllable words with –ion and –ian endings
•Use lexical items related to the topic ‘Festivals in Viet Nam’
•Write compound sentences using conjunctions and, but, or, yet, so and conjunctive adverbs however, nevertheless, moreover, therefore, otherwise
•Write complex sentences using subordinators because, if, when, while, although, even though
•Read for specific information about festivals
•Talk about a festival
•Listen for specific information about a festival
•Write about a festival they like or have been to
Getting started
Which festival should I see?
Introduction
Before Ss open their books, review the previous unit by asking them to take part in a small game. Teacher writes “Tet festival” on the board and asks twp groups pf five students to come to the board. Group A writes what VietNamese people should do and group B writes what VietNamese people shouldn’t do during the Tet festival. Set a time limit. The game stops when the time is up. Each custom of tradition written down is rewarded with one mark. The group with higher marks wins.
Ask Ss to add any names of any other festivals in Viet Nam that they know or have been to. Ask them which of the festivals they would recommend to foreigners and why.
1 Ask Ss to open their books and look at the picture and the heading Which festival should I see? Ask them some questions:
Where are Duong and Peter?
What are they doing?
What might they be talking about?
Ss answer the questions as a class.
 49T
a First, play the recording and have Ss work independently. Play the recording once or twice more. Pause the recording at the appropriate places if Ss need help with comprehension. Then allow Ss to share their answers with a classmate before discussing as a class.
 Key: 1.T 2.T 3.F 
 4.F 5.T 
b First, ask Ss not to look at the conversation to answer the questions, then have them open their books and check their answers.
Key:
1. In April. They can see a grand opening ceremony, ao dai fashion show, Dem Phuong Dong or oriental night show, royal court music performancesand sporting activities.
2. Duong’s family prepares a five-fruit tray and make jam and chung cakes.
3. Because there are so many interesting things to see and enjoy, it would take too long to describe them.
4. In Bac Ninh, on 12th of the first lunar month.
5. Because it’s near Ha Noi. It takes place roght after Tet holiday and is full of traditional events.
c Ask Ss to look at the dialogue again and underline the phrases. Have Ss use the context to try to explain when they may use the phrases. Correct them if necessary.
Key:
1. Used as suggestion or to give advice
2. (It/that) Sounds + Adj: used to give your first impression of what you hear
3. To stress that it is worth spending time or money doing something
4. To show surprise and to check that something is really Ok to do.
d In pairs, have Ss role-play, practicing the phrases in c . Call on a few pairs to perform to the class.
2 Have Ss work in pairs, matching the words with the pictures. Then check their answers. Afterwards, have Ss repeat the words chorally. Correct their pronunciation if necessary. Ask for translationto check their understanding if necessary.
 Key: a. ceremony b. anniversary
 c. reunion d. procession
 e. carnival f. performance 
3 Have Ss work independently, match the names of the festivals with the appropriate pictures, then cross-check with a partner. Finally, check Ss’answers.
Key: 1. d 2. a 
 3. c 4. b 5. e
 4 Ask Ss to work in pairs, matching the descriptions of festivals with their names. Check Ss’s answers.
Key: 1. c 2. b 3. e 4. d 5. a
 50T
 A closer look 1
Introduction
Start with a game. Select two teams of four Ss to come to the front of the class. Set a time limit and ask Ss to write nouns and verbs related to festivals on the board. They can draw two columns on the board, one for nouns and one for verbs. Then check the answers with the whole class. Decide the winner. Then check if Ss know the meanings of the words. Ask for translation to check their understanding if necessary.
Vocabulary
1 Now have Ss open their books and work independently on 1 and 2. then, ask them to share their answers with one or more partners. If necessary, ask for translation of some words or phrases in the box to check their understanding. Then check Ss’s answers.
Key: 1. c 2. e 3. a
 4. b 5.d
2 
Key: 1. commemorate 2. worship
 3. preserve 4. ritual
 5. performance 
 3 Have Ss work in pairs to match verbs with nouns on a piece of paper then swap the answers with another pair to check. Afterwards, check Ss’ answers.
Key: 1. WATCHa ceremony, a show
 2. HAVE(all can fit)
 3. WORSHIPa god, a hero
 4. PERFORMa ritual, a ceremony, a show
 Pronunciation
Stress of words ending in –ion and –ian
4a Ask Ss to look at the word list. T asks ‘What do you notice about the endings? How many syllables does each word have?. Have Ss answer and sum up:
Key: 
They are all words with more than two syllables They end with the suffix –ion or –ian
Model stress in different words with the ending –ion, and –ian. Ask Ss to look at the rules in the Remember! box. Discuss this rule with the class and elicit some pronunciations from Ss.
b Play the recording and ask Ss to listen and repeat the words, paying attention to the stress on the syllable immediately before the ending –ion or –ian. Play the recording as many times as necessary.
Audio script:
Compe’tition
Commemo’ration
Pro’cession
Preser’vation
Con’fusion
Ma’gician
Mu’sician
Vege’tarian
Com’panion
5 Play the recording and ask Ss individually to mark the stress patterns. Then ask Ss to work in small groups to read out the sentences. Go around to help Ss. Call some Ss to practice in front of the class. Correct their pronunciation if necessary. Ask Ss to listen and repeat the sentences while listening to the recording.
 Unit 5
A closer look 2
Simple sentences and compound sentences review
 Rules:
A simple sentence is one independent clause. Notice that a sentence that has two verbs as in the sentence/enjoy playing and look forward to. It every weekend or two nouns as in. My mother and I go shopping every weekend is still a simple sentence because it has only one clause.
A compound sentence is two or more independent clauses joined together. Each clause is of equal importance and could stand alone. They can be joined with conjunctions and , but, on, so, yet, or conjunctive adverbs however, nevertheless, moreover, therefore, otherwise. 
Grammar
Simple sentences and compound sentences: review
1 Ask Ss to work in pairs. Then have Ss answer before checking with the whole class.
Key: 1. S 2. C 
 3. C 4. S 5. S
2 Have Ss work individually and check with another S. Finally, T check Ss’s answers with the whole class.
Key:
1. At the Mid-Autumn Festival we carry beautiful lanterns, so it’s a memorable childhood experience.
2. During Tet, Vietnamese people buy all kinds of sweets, and they make Chung cakes as well.
3. The Hung King’s sons offered him many special foods, but Lang Lieu just brought him a Chung cake and a day cake.
4. To welcome Tet we decorate our house with peach blossoms, or we can buy a mandarin tree for a longer lasting display.
5. The Huong Pagoda festival is always crowded, yet we like to go there to pray for good fortune and happiness.
3 Ask Ss to look at the rules in the Look out! box. Tell them the use of punctuation in formal language when we write a compound sentence using conjunctive adverbs.
Key:
1. Chu Dong Tu and Giong are both legendary saints; however/nevertheless, they are worshipped for different things.
2. Tet is the most important festival in Viet Nam; therefore , most Vietnamese return home for Tet.
3. Tet is a time for us to worship our ancestors; moreover, it is also a time for family reunion.
4. The Khmer believe they have to float lanters; otherwise, they may not get good luck.
5. The Hung King Temple Festival; nevertheless/ however, it has become a public holiday in Viet Nam since 2007.
 52 T
Complex sentences
4 Tell Ss to read the grammar box Complex sentences carefully. Go through the grammar point with the class to make sure everybody understands. Explain the meaning of the subordinators, translting if necessary. If time allows, ask Ss to give examples using the grammar point. Then ask Ss to work individually to match the clause and check with one or more partners. Finally, T corrects as a class.
Key: 1. Because 2. If
 3. When 4. While
 5. When 6. Although/ Even though
 6 Have Ss work in pairs to complete the sentences. Ask Ss to swap their sentences with other pairs and cross- check. Have some Ss read out their answers. If the classroom has a projector, show some answers and check them with the whole class.
Suggested answers:
1. , I have never been there.
2. , we shouldn’t miss it.
3. , you should visit Giong Temple.
4. , they take a lot of photos.
5. , they can enjoy the beautiful scenery of the area.
 53T
Communication
 A Khmer Festival 
Introduction
Before Ss open their books, ask them if they have been to / seen a festival by the Khmer. T can say Today, we are going to listen to an interview with a Khmer Festival. What questions might the interviewer ask?
1 Ask Ss to look at the pictures and answer the questions.
2 Play the recording and let Ss check their guesses.
Key: 
 a 1. bamboo archway 2. green rice flakes
 3. potatoes 4. coconuts
 5. pia cake 6. clasped hands
 7. lanters 8. dragon boat race
 b Ooc born festival
Audio script:
A: Good morning. Can I ask you some questions about this festival? 
B: Yes, of course
A: What is the festival called?
B: Ooc bom boc. It’s held by our ethnic group in Soc Trang on the 14th and 15th evenings of the 10th lunar month.
A: Who do you worship at the festival?
B: Our Moon God. We thank him for giving us a good harvest and plenty of fish in the rivers .
A: What do you do during the festival?
B: First, we have a worshipping ceremony at home, under the bamboo archway at the pagoda. When the moon appears, the old pray to the Moon God and the children raise their clasped hands to the moon.
A: Sounds great! So what are the offering?
B: Green rice flakes, coconuts, potatoes and pia cakes.
A: Do you do any other activities after that?
B: Sure. Then we throat beautiful paper lanterns on the river, and the next evening, we hold thrilling dragon boat races.
3 Ask Ss to work in pairs, making full questions based on the given question words and giving as many answers as possible based on what they can remember from the previous listening. Play the recording again for Ss to answer. If Ss haven’t been able to answer all the questions, play the recording another time. Check the answers with the whole class.
Suggested questions:
 1. Where is the festival held?
 2. When is the festival held?
 3. Who do the people worship at the festival?
 4. What activities do people do at the festival?
Key: 1. Soc Trang 
 2. 14th, 15th evenings of the 10th lunar month
 3. Moon God
 4. have a worshipping ceremony
 5. float paper lanterns
 6. hold dragon boat races.
 4 Before the role-play begins, give Ss a little time to decide which festival to talk about and assign roles. Note that Ss could also invent a festival. Use the example in 4 and the listening in 3 as models. When everyone has finished, ask some groups to role-play in front of the whole class. 
 54T
UNIT 5: SKILLS 1
Reading
1 In small groups, have Ss look at the pictures and answer the questions, but don’t check the answers with the class.
2 Give Ss two minutes to skim the passages and check their answers in 1. Explain that to skim , they must move their eyes very quickly over the text to get a general idea of the subject.
3 Now give Ss one minute to scan the passages to find the words. Explain that to scan they must move their eyes quickly over the text to look for specific information, rather than reading every word. Ask Ss underline or circle the words they find with a pencil. T may help Ss work out the meanings of these words from the context. Then check with the whole class.
Key: 1. emperors 2. features 
 3. joyful 4. from overseas
 5. hiking 6. scenery
4 Set a longer time limit for Ss to read the text again and answer the questions. Ask Ss to note where they found the information that helped them to answer the questions. Ss can compare with a partner before discussing them as a class.
Key:
1. The Hung King Temple festival takes place from the 8th to 11th day of the third lunar month.
2. Incense, specialities such as Chung cakes, day cakes and five-fruit trays.
3. Because there are many jouful activities including bamboo swings, lion dances, wrestling and xoan singing performances.
4. People join in a procession and make offerings of incense, flowers, fruit and candles.
5. Ss’s own answers.
 Speaking: 
5a First, ask Ss to work in pairs, choosing one of the two places: Huong Pagoda or Hung King Temple to go to. Remind Ss to give a reason for their choice like in Example 1.
Now, ask Ss to think about what to take with them. Ask them to use the suggestions in the pictures. Encourage them to add any other items they think necessary and give reasons. Go around to help Ss.
b Ask Ss to report their decisions to the class and decide which location is more popular. Remember to ask Ss to say why the chosen location is more popular.
 55T
 Skill 2 
Introduction
Write the word ‘hero’ on the board as the centre of a word web. Ask volunteers to come up and add any words or phrases to the word web connected with the topic of ‘heroes’. Accept all ideas and don’t correct anything. Then tell Ss they are going to listen to a passage about a Vietnamese hero and open the books.
Listening
1 Ask Ss to work in pairs, describing the picture and then answer the questions.
2 Tell Ss that they are going to listen to a tour guide giving information about the Giong Festival. Ask them to read the questions carefully and try to predict the answers based on what they know. Remind them to pay attention to key words in the options. Play the recording and ask Ss to circle the right answers. Check their answers with the whole class.
Key: 1. B 2. A 3. C
3 Have Ss underline key words in the questions. Play the recording. Ask them to write answers on a piece of paper. If necessary, play the recording again for Ss to check the answers. Then select Ss to read out their answers to the class. Elicit any corrections from the class as you write their answers on the board.
Key:
1. He is a mythical hero, why grew from a three-year-old child into a giant overnight.
2. The preparations begin one month before the festival.
3. A religious ceremony
4. There is a cheo performance
5. This festival shows the love for our motherland and the preservation of our cultural heritage.
Audio script:
The Giong Festival is celebrated every year in Phu Linh Commune, Soc Son District, Ha Noi. This festival commemorates the hero, Saint Giong. He is considered a mythical hero because he grew from a three-year-old child into a giant overnight. He is worshipped for defending the country from foreign invaders- the An.
Although this festival is held from the 6th to the 12th day of the 4th lunar month, people start preparing traditional clothing for the procession and for various performances one month beforehand. During the festival, the procession starts at the Mother Temple and goes to Thuong Temple where a religious ceremony is performed. When night falls, a cheo play is performed. Then the festivities end with a thanksgiving procession on the 12th.
This festival shows our love for the motherland and the preservation of our cultural heritage.
Writing
4 Set a time limit for Ss to brainstorm ideas and write their notes. Move around, helping ss with ideas where necessary,
5 Ask Ss to refer back to the reading passages in Skills 1 for useful language and ideas, and note some necessary expressions and language as well as connectors they may need on the board.
Ask Ss to work individually to write a first draft. Display all or some of the articles on the wall/ board. Other Ss and T give comments. Ss edit and revise the articles as homework.
 56T
Looking back
Encourage Ss not to refer back to the unit pages. Instead they can use what they have learnt during the unit to help them answer the questions.
Ss should record their result for each exercise to finish the self-assessment at the end of the unit and identify areas to review.
Vocabulary
1 Ask Ss to work individually, then compare their answers with a partner. Ask some Ss to write their answers on the board.
1. incense 2. offering 3. pray 4. lantern
5. crowds 6. cheering
2 Ask Ss to work individually, then check answers with a partner. Check Ss’ answers. Ask some Ss to write answers on the board
.
 1. ethnic 2. commemorates 
 3. respect 4. ritual
 5. ancient 6. procession
 7. perform 8. performances
Grammar
For 3 and 4. ask Ss to do them individually first. Then Ss check their answers with a partner before discussing the answers as a class. However, tell Ss to keep a record of their original answers so that they can use that information in their self-assessment.
3 
Key: 1. if 2. Even though 
 3. Because 4. While
 5. When
 4 
Suggested answers:
1. When the Lim festival begins, people come to see the quan ho singing performance.
2. Because we have many festivals in January, we call it the month of fun and joy.
3. If you go to the Hue festival, you can enjoy an ao dai show.
4. Even though/ Although sticky rice is very tasty, it’s hard to eat it everyday.
5. While/ When we are boiling chung cakes, we ofen listen to our grandparents’ stories. 
Communication
5 First, ask Ss to do the task individually to sort the words and phrases for the two festivals. Then check their answers as a class.
Key: 
New Year festival
Mid-Autumn festival
Family reunion
Mooncakes
Visiting relatives
Lion dance 
Firework displays
Floating lanterns
Kumquat
Welcome-the-moon party
The first-footer
Hang Nga and Cuoi stories
 57T
6 Ask Ss to interview each other about the 3 activities that they like best and give reasons. Encourage them to give as many reasons as possible.
Finished!
Finally, ask Ss to complete the self-assessment. Identify any difficulties and weak areas and provide further practice.
Project
Talent show
1 First, ask Ss to work in groups. Ask and answer the questions.
Suggested answers:
1. Chau van singing, xoan singing, quan ho singing and don ca tai tu singing.
2. – Chau van is often performed in competitions or religious ceremonies in the north of Viet Nam.
 - Xoan is often performed in the Hung King Temple Festival of in other local festivals in Phu Tho Province.
 - Quan ho is often performed in the Lim festival, Bac Ninh Province and local festivals.
 - Don ca tai tu is often performed in the south of Viet Nam, normally in weddings, birthday anniversaries, and local festivals.
2 Ask Ss to work in bigger groups to do the project. Based on the result of Ss’ answers to question 3, rearrange the groups so that Ss who know how to sing these songs are distributed evenly among the groups. Ss read the instructions in the book. Answer Ss’ question if there are any. Ss will probably need to do some research outside of class before making presentations and performances. Start the next lesson with the talent show. Have Ss perform, then ask the whole class to vote for the best performance.

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