Giáo án Tiếng Anh 8 - Units 10. Recycling

I. Aim:

 By the end of the lesson students will be able understand 3R, do something to protect the

environment and save natural resources

II. Language contents:

 1. Grammar: none

 2. Vocabulary:

(n) representative, natural resources

 (v) Recycle, protect, contact, fertilize

III. Teaching aids:

 Posters, a chart, cassette

IV. Techniques:

 Jumbled words, True/False prediction, Brainstorm

V. Procedure:


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- Stick 6 flashcards with jumbled words on the board
- Ask Ss to rewrite the words in the right order 
- Set the scene: A representative from Friends of the Earth, Miss Blake, is talking to the students of Quang Trung school. Friends of the Earth shows people how to protect the environment and save natural resources
- Put the chart with the statements on the board
- Ask Ss to work in pairs to decide if the Statements are True or False.
Write the Sts guesses on the board. 
- Ask Ss to open their books, listen to the tape while reading the dialogue
- Ss give their answer 
- Call on Ss to correct the False statements
- Ss practice the dialogue
- Ask Sts answer the question on page 90 
- Ss work in pairs
- T calls some pains to ask and answer the questions 
- T corrects
- Write the topic on the board
“How to protect our environment?”
- Ask Ss to express their opinions/ideas 
- Write their ideas on the board
- T corrects and has Ss copy 
- T can give marks if they’re right
- Finally, T guides them what to prepare at home for the coming class.
- T remarks the students’ learning attitudes and ends the class.
I. Warm up: 
getting started:
Ÿ Brainstorm
Ways to reduce the amount of garbage 
 reuse plastic bags 
Possible answer
Use cloth bags, use tree leaves to wrap things, make garbage into fertilizer, make vegetable matter into animal food
Listen and read
II. Presentation:
*New words
- to reduce (v) giảm, giảm bớt
- Cloth (n) vải, cloth bag (n) túi vải
- To wrap (v) gói, bọc
- to reuse (v) tái sử dụng
- to recycle (v) tái chế, tái sinh
- fertilizer (n) phân bón
- garbage (n) rác rưởi
- plastic bag (n) túi nhựa, túi ni-lông
- vegetable matter (n) chất thực vật( gồm gốc rau, vỏ quả hoặc củ)
-representative (n) người đại diện, đại biểu
-protect (v) = keep someone/sth safe danger
-natural resource (n) tài nguyên thiên nhiên
- to overpackage (v) đóng gói quá kỹ
- throw away: bỏ đi, vứt đi
* Jumbled words
	 1	2	 3
 4	5	 6
Ÿ True/False predictions / Marks 
1/ Friends of the Earth is an organization to help people make friends with each other
2/ Miss Blake ask the students to remember 3 things: reduce, reuse, and recycle.
3/ Reduce means buying the products which are over packaged.
4/ We can not reuse things like envelopes, glass, plastic bottles, old plastic bags.
5/ Miss Blake say that we should use cloth bags and shouldn’t use plastic bags at all.
6/ Recycling means not just throwing things away but trying and finding another use for them. 
III. Practice: 
*Answer key
False "  an organization to help people protect the environment and save natural resources 
False " Reduce means not buying
False " we can reuse things 
* Comprehension questions
a/ Reduce means not buying product which are over packaged
b/ We can reuse things like envelopes, glass, plastic bottles and old plastic bags
c/ Recycle means not just throwing things away. Try and find another use for them.
d/ We can look for information on recycle things by having a contact with an organization like Friends of the Earth, going to the local library, or asking your family and friends or scientific society.
e/ (Possible answer) Miss Blake tells Lan that we shouldn’t use plastic bags at all because plastic bags are difficult to be destroyed, so the amount of garbage increases.
IV. Production:
Ÿ Discussion
- Save natural resources
- shouldn’t throw things on the streets
- plant trees
- shouldn’t throw trash everywhere
- should protect water resource
V. Homework:
- Learn the words by heart
- Read the dialogue again
- Answer the questions 
-Do exercises in workbook
-Prepare next lesson : Lesson 2 Speak 
+ how to speak to protect environment
+ Model sentence: passive form 
VI. Comments:
Attendance: Class 8A2: 
 Class 8A3:
 Class 8A4:
Ưu điểm:	
Period: 62
Lesson 2: Speak + Listen
I. Aim:
	This lesson helps Sts practice in giving and responding to instructions how to classify the garbage
II. Language contents
	1. Grammar: review simple future and present
2. Vocabulary: 
 (n) Fabric, leather, pick, shovel, shade, grain, compost heap, moisture,
 condensation, pile	 
III. Teaching aids:
 Picture (copied from Textbook) sub- board
IV. Techniques:
 Kim’s game, Bingo, Dictation List, Mapped dialogue
V. Procedure:
Teacher’s and Ss’ activities
- Show the picture to the Ss and ask them to observe it carefully, let them look at the picture for about 20’’ then put it away
- Ask Ss to go to the board and write as many words showing things in the picture as possible 
- T corrects and give marks to Ss
- T corrects
- T presents some new words
- T can explain some words in English or use the picture 
- Ss say the meaning
- Ss repeat and copy
- Get Ss to brainstorm a list of about 10 words
- Ask Ss to choose 4 words and copy into their papers.
- Call out the words until a/student (s) has/have ticked all of their words and shout “Bingo” and they win. 
- T presents model sentence to the students.
- Tell Ss they are going to listen to the words for items and put them into the right groups.
- Draw the table on the board and ask Ss to copy it
- Tell Ss to listen to the words and put them in the right columns
- Model some words 
- T gives model sentences
- Have some pairs practice each exchange before going on to another exchange.
- After finishing the dialogue, ask a good pain to demonstrate the whole dialogue.
- Ss work in pairs, replacing the underline information with the words in dictation list.
- T corrects
- T asks Ss to put these words in the correct groups
- T can explain some words in English or use the picture 
- Ss say the meaning
- Ss repeat and copy
- Elicit words
- T presents some new words
- T checks vocabulary
- Tell Ss they are going to listen to an expert who gives the instructions to make compost.
- Ask Ss to open their books and read the multiple-choice question on page 91.
- Check if Ss understand the questions
- Play the tape 2 or 3 times. Ss listen and do the exercise.
- Ss answer 
- T corrects. 
- Ss choose true or false
- T asks Ss to correct the false sentences
- Finally, T guides them what to prepare at home for the coming class.
- T remarks the students’ learning attitudes and ends the class.
1. Warm up: Marks(10)
ŸMemory game (Kim’s game)
Possible answer
Used paper, old newspapers, books, cardboard, boxes, bottles, glasses, jars, plastic bags, food cans, drinking tins, vegetable matter, clothes, shoes, schoolbags,
2. Pre-speaking:
- metal (n) kim loại
- fabric (n) vải sợi
- leather (n) da, đồ da
-Compost (n) phân xanh
 (What do you call the fertilizer made from spoiled food, leaves, vegetable matter )
* Bingo
fertilize, compost, leather, fabric, plastic, glass, metal, paper, cardboard, tin 
Model sentence:
Passive forms
S + be + past participle + By + Object
Ex: This tree was planted by my grandfather
 S be p.p O
 This house was built in 1987
 S be p.p
3. While-speaking :
Ÿ Dictation List 
Answer key 
used paper (old newspaper, books, cardboard boxes)
bottles, glasses, jars 
plastic bags, plastic bottles 
food cans, drinking tins
Clothes (cloth bags, material)
Shoes, sandals, school bags
Vegetable matter
Fruit peels, (vegetables, rotten fruit 
Ÿ Ex:
T: Which group do clothes belong to?
S: Put them in fabric. What can we do with those clothes? 
 T: We can recycle them and make them into paper or shopping bags
4. Post-speaking:
Put these words into the correct groups
Aluminum cans – apple pie- butter – cakes - car tires -old clothes – dictionary - waste paper – glassware – horror story – jam – magazines – newspapers - plastic toys - picture books –pork - vegetable matter – textbook - novels
> Things to eat: ......................................
>Things to read:.........................................
>Things to recycle: ..................................
2. Pre-listening:
- Grain (n) ngũ cốc
- Heap (n) chồng, đống = pile
- Shade (n) bong râm
- Shell (n) vỏ sò, vỏ trứng
- Rat (n) chuột
- Pick (n) cái cuốc chim
- Shovel (n) cái xẻng
- Moisture (n) hơi ẩm
- Condensation (n) sự cô đặc, sự tích tụ
- To add (v) thêm vào
3. -While- listening:
Answer key
a. A	b. B	c. A	 d. B
4. Post- listening:
* True or false statements
a/ The expert explains how to start a compost heap
b/We can use meat or grain products to make compost
c/ We should find a place in our garden that gets a few hours of sunlight each day
d/ We shouldn’t use picks to turn the compost
e/ If the weather is very wet , we should cover the heap with a sheet of strong plastic
5. Homework:
-practice speaking and listening at home
-learn by heart new words
-Practice the dial with your partners replacing the information.
-Prepare : lesson 3 Read
+ find the new words
+ answer the question
VI. Comments:
Attendance: Class 8A2: 
 Class 8A3:
 Class 8A4:
Ưu điểm:	
Period: 63
Lesson 3: Read
I. Aims:
 By the end of the lesson, Ss will be able to read for details about how things are recycled. 
II. Language contents
 1. Grammar:	
 Passive form in the Present Simple tense. 
 2. Vocabulary:	
 milkman (n), deposit (n), refill (v), melt (v), glassware (n), dung (n)
III. Teaching aids: 
 Word square chart, photocopied pictures (p.95), drawing
IV. Techniques: 
 Matching, lucky number, 
V. Procedures:
Teacher and Students’ activities
- Prepare 13 similar sets of words, each of which consists of 12 words related to things that can be recycled: bottles, used paper, envelopes, fruit peels, drinking cans, glasses, tins, food cans, mirrors, tree leaves, vegetables, books.
- Ask students to work in pairs.
- Give each pair a set of words and ask them to put the words into four groups (glass, paper, vegetable matter, metal) and suggest possible topic for the lesson.
Ask for Sts answer. This will lead to the lesson naturally.
- Introduce the new words, call some Ss to read the new words and give correction if they don’t pronounce correctly
- Ss repeat and say meaning
- Ss copy 
- Check Ss' memory by game Matching
- Elicit the model sentences 
- Ss listen carefully and notice the grammar point.
- After Ss copy in their notebooks. 
- T ask Sts get sentences true or false
- T plays tape two twice and correct 
- T has Ss guess the answer for the questions
Guide Ss play game “ Lucky numbers” 
- Show 8 numbers on the board.
- Tell Ss each number is for a question but 3 of them are lucky numbers.
- Sts Join the game
- Choose a lucky number and do not have to answers any questions but they still get 1 point.
- Look at the board.
- Listen and remember.
- T Draw the grid on the board and have students copy it
Sts Copy the grid and fill in it
Ask Ss to work in pairs to make a list of recycling facts mentioned in the text call on some Ss to write the information in the grid on the board. 
- T has Sts summaries lesson by mind maps 
- Finally, T guides them what to prepare at home for the coming class.
- T remarks the students’ learning attitudes and ends the class.
I. Warm up :
Fruit peels, tree leaves, books, envelopes, drinking cans, glasses, used papers, mirrors, tins, bottles, food cans, vegetables
Vegetable matter
used paper
Fruit peels
tree leaves
Drinking cans
Food cans
II. Pre-reading :
Milkman (n) người giao sữa
refill (v): làm đầy lại
glassware (n) đồ thủy tinh
law (n) luật pháp
deposit (n) đặt cọc
dung (n) phân thú vật
melt (v) làm nóng chảy ra
: Matching
Model sentence:
Passive Voice/Form
 Car tires
past part
To make pipes and floor coverings 
into new glassware
+ Form: Passive Form in the Present Simple
Subject+ am/is/are + Past Participle
+ Use: it is used when the subject is affected by the action of the verb (Vietnamese can be used for weaker students)
Ÿ Rules of changing an active sentence to a passive one 
Active	: S + 	 V + O + M(place) +M(time)
Passive: S + be + Vpp + M(place) by + O + M(time)
Eg: 	I 	love 	my parents
My parents are loved 	by me
True or false
1. Nowadays, many shoes and sandals are made from old car tires
2. Every milk bottle can be reused thirty times.
3. New glassware can be made from old car tires.
4. In Oregon, billions of cans are thrown away every year.
5. Compost is a wonderful natural fertilizer.
III. While-reading:
Comprehension questions (Read 1)
->Answer key
a/ People cleaned and refilled empty milk bottles.
b/ The glass is broken up, melted and made into new glassware
c/ The Oregon government made a new law that there must be a deposit on drink cans. The deposit is returned when people bring the cans back for recycling. 
e/ If we have a recycling story to share, we can call or fax the magazine at 5 265 456
Car tires
Milk bottles
Drink cans
Household and garden waste 
are recycled to make
pipes and floor recovering
are cleaned and refilled (with milk)
is broken up, melted and made into new glassware
are brought back for recycling 
is made into compost 
IV. Post-reading :
Mind maps
V. Homework :
-Learn by heart Voc + Passive Form 
-Read the text and answer the questions
-Prepare: Lesson 4 write/93-94
+ Find new words
+ Complete the recycling instruction
+Write a set of instruction using the frequency 
VI. Comments:
Attendance: Class 8A2: 
 Class 8A3:
 Class 8A4:
Ưu điểm:	
Period: 64
Lesson 4: Write
I. Aim:
 - By the end of the lesson: students will be able to write a set of instructions on how to recycle used things using the sequencing. 
II. Language contents:
 1. Grammar: none	
 2. Vocabulary:	
 Soak (v), mash (v), wire mesh (n), bucket (n) 
III. Techniques: 
 Lucky numbers, slap the board, ordering, and prediction. 
IV. Teaching aids: 
 Drawing, mine, photocopied pictures (p.94) 
V. Procedure:
Teacher’s and Students’ activities
- Write 9 numbers on the board, from 1 to 9
- Tells Ss each number is for a question but 3 of them are lucky numbers. If Ss choose a lucky number, they do not have to answer any question but they get 2 points and they can choose another numbers. 
- Divides the class into 2 teams
- T remarks and gives marks 
- T presents some new words
- Ss repeat and say the meaning 
- Set the scene: Tell Ss they are going to read a text about how to recycle used paper. Put the verbs on the board randomly in a flow chart 
- Ask Ss to work in groups to guess the order of the actions.
- Call on about 2 pairs to write their answer on the board.
- Explain the process of recycling paper
- T corrects 
- Ask Ss to open their books, read the text on page 93 and fill in the verbs.
- T corrects and Ss copy the exercise in their notebooks. 
- T asks Ss to close their books.
- Write the sequencing on the board and have - Ss practice speaking first.
- Call on Ss to say the sentences from memory
First, __________
Then, _________
Next, _________
After that, _____
Finally, _______
- Ss write the text in brief using the sequencing
- Ss work in group
- T corrects and has them copy 
- Sticks the photocopied pictures on the board randomly 
- Asks Ss to listen and work in groups to rearrange the pictures according to the instructions on how to prepare the tea leaves 
- Ss answer
- T corrects and can give marks to encourage 
- Finally, T guides them what to prepare at home for the coming class.
- T remarks the students’ learning attitudes and ends the class.
I. Warm up:
Marks (10)
Ÿ Lucky Numbers
Lucky Numbers
Say this sentence into the passive
“People speak English everywhere”
Say this sentence in the active
“Cartoons are liked by most children”
Lucky number
Lucky number
Passive: “We do not use things carefully”
Active: “Are candies liked by the children?”
Passive: “Mr. Han teaches Maths”
Passive: “Vegetarians do not eat meat”
II. Pre-writing :
* Pre-teach Vocabulary
-soak = dip(v): nhúng
- warp (v) phủ, bọc
- mix (v) trộn
- press (v) ấn, nhấn
-dry (v) phơi khô
- scatter (v) rải, rắc
-mash (v) nghiền, bóp
-bucket (n) thùng, xô
-wire mesh (n) tấm lưới sắt
-liquid (n) chất lỏng
-detergent (n) thuốc tẩy
-Chemical (n) hóa chất
-blow (v) thổi
-confirm (v) xác nhận
Ÿ Slap the board
Ÿ Ordering prediction (write 1)
 soak	dry	pull	out	mix
 press	mash 
1_______	2_______	3________
4_______	5_______	6________
Answer key
1. soak	2. mash	3. mix
4. pull out	5. press	6. dry
Ÿ Write 2
III. While-writing :
Answer key
1. use 2. mix	3. place 4. press 
5. wrap 6. wait 7. dry
Ÿ Recall
->Answer key
First, soak old newspaper in a bucket overnight. Then, mash the paper by a wooden spoon. Next, mix the mashed paper with water. After that, use a wire mesh to pull the mixture out, put it on the cloth and press it down firmly. Finally, take the mesh out of the cloth and dry it in the sun.
IV. Post writing :
Ÿ Ordering Pictures
First take the used tea leaves from the tea pot
Next scatter the tealeaves on a tray
Then dry the leaves in the sun
Finally, put the dry leaves in a pot for future use
V. Homework :
- Learn the words by heart
- Write the instructions on how to make a thing you have ever made using the sequencing
- Do exercise in workbook
- Prepare lesson 5 Language Focus 
+ Passive voice
+ Adjectives followed by an infinitive and a noun clause
VI. Comments:
Attendance: Class 8A2: 
 Class 8A3:
 Class 8A4:
Ưu điểm:	
Period: 65
Lesson 5: Language Focus
I. Aim:
 - Students will be able to form the Passive in Future simple and the structures with Adjectives 
II. Language contents
 1. Vocabulary:	 none
 2. Grammar: 
 -Passive in Future simple / Passive in Present Simple
 - It + be + Adj + To- Inf / that clause
III. Techniques: 
 Ordering pictures, question game, Interview, gap fill, matching
IV. Teaching aids: 
 Cardboards, posters, handouts
V .Procedure:
Teacher’s and students’ activities
- T reminds the words by “network”
- Ss write as much as possible they can
- T corrects and gives marks
- T has Ss to remind the passive form, and Adjective followed by – an infinitive, a noun clause
- Ask Ss to read the instructions and look at the picture on page 95
- Ask Ss to put the pictures in the correct order according to the instructions.
- After ask Ss to rewrite the sentences (L.F1) in the Passive form.
- Ss write on the board.
- T corrects 
Set the scene:
A famous inventor, Dr Kim, is going to build a time machine. One of his assistant, Hai, is asking him questions about the invention. He wants to know when Dr Kim will start the project. How can he say the sentence in the Passive? (I can use Vietnamese for weaker student) 
- T asks Ss to complete the sentences using the Passive in Future Simple.
- Ss complete the sentences.
- T corrects
- Sets the scene: Ba gives Nam a lot of directions at a time so Nam find it difficult to follow Ba’s directions. What does he say to Nam?
- T explain the model sentences
- Ss copy
- Ask Ss to open their books and complete the dialogues on page 96
- Work in pair
- Call some pairs to demonstrate the dial 
- T corrects 
- Sets the scene: Nam passed the English exam and his grandparents are delighted at it. What did they write to him? 
- T presents model sentence and explains 
- Ss copy the form
- T asks Ss to read the letter on page 97 and match the words
- Call on some Ss to go the board to draw the lines.
- Ss copy the Vocabulary
- Ask Ss to work in pairs to complete the letter using the words in the box
- Ss answer
- T corrects 
- T has Sts do exercise. If Sts do well T can give marks
- Finally, T guides them what to prepare at home for the coming class.
- T remarks the students’ learning attitudes and ends the class.
I. Warm up: Marks (10) 
Things will be recycled
-glass	jars
-bottles	magazines
II. Presentation:
a) Passive forms
Be + Past Participle
Ex: The glass is broken into small pieces
 ( present Simple)
 He was given the information last week
 ( Past Simple)
The supermarket will be opened next month (Future Simple)
b) Adjective followed by – an infinitive
 - a noun clause
It + be + Adj + to-inf/ Noun clause 
It’s difficult to follow the direction
It’s important that we protect the environment
III. Practice:
Activity 1
Answer key
a. 1	b. 4	c. 3	d. 5	e. 2	f. 6
Answer key
b/ Then the glass/ it is washed with a detergent liquid 
c/ The grass pieces are dried completely
d/ They are mixed with certain specific chemicals.
e/ The mixture is melted until it becomes a liquid.
f/ A long pipe is used. It is dipped into the liquid, then the liquid is blown into intended shapes.
Activities 2:
 Model sentences
the project
 past participle 
Concept checking
Use: Passive Form in the Future Simple
Form: will/shall + be + past participle 
+ Fill in the gaps using the Passive
It ______to the public when it is finish (show)
____it ____by the end of the year? (build)
It _____before Tet (finish)
_____it ______by you? (make)
Answer key
1. will be showed/shown 2. willbe built?
3. will be finished 4. willbe made..?
Activities 3:
Ÿ Gap fill
Answer key
a/ difficult to follow
b/ easy to understand
c/ hard to believe
d/ dangerous to wait
e/ important to wait 
Activities 4:
Ÿ Matching
1. relieved (a)	 a. xin chúc mừng
2. congratulation (n)	 b. trông chờ
3. look forward to (v)	 c. xác nhận lại
4. confirm (v)	 d. nhẹ nhõm
Answer key
(1) was happy	 (3) is afraid

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