Giáo án Tiếng Anh 8 - Units 16: Inventions

Change the following sentences into passive form

_ Mai reads an English book.

 An English book is read by Mai.

1. My mother cooks the meal everyday.

2. My father buys the tickets.

3. They speak English all over the world.

4. We use milk for making butter and cheese.

5. Tom paints these pictures.

6. I often visit my grandmother.

 

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 CC191a CC 191 
 Date: ngày tháng 
 Time: giờ phút ~ giờ phút
 Name: ______________________
UNIT 16: INVENTIONS
A. Review passive forms (Ôn tập dạng bị động)
Hình thức chuyển từ câu chủ động sang câu bị động
Active (chủ động) S + V + O 
Passive (bị động) S + be +Vpp + by + O
_ They keep the butter in the fridge.
® The butter is kept in the fridge.
* P.P: past participle (V 3 / ed)
* Một số công thức
Present simple tense (thì hiện tại đơn)
 Active V(present simple)
 Passive be (am / is / are) + Vpp
_ People always admire this picture.
® This picture is always admired.
CC191b
Change the following sentences into passive form
_ Mai reads an English book.
® An English book is read by Mai.
My mother cooks the meal everyday.
 @	
2. My father buys the tickets.
 @	
3. They speak English all over the world.
 @	 
4. We use milk for making butter and cheese.
 @	
5. Tom paints these pictures.
 @	
6. I often visit my grandmother.
 @	
7. They make many products.
 @	
8. People enjoy Coca Cola all over the world.
 @	
 CC192a CC 192 
 2. Present progressive tense 
 (thì hiện tại tiếp diễn)
Active Be (am / is / are) + V-ing 
Passive Be (am / is / are) + being + pp
 _ She is singing a Korean song.
® A Korean song is being sung.
Change the following sentences into passive form
_ They are seeing animals in the zoo.
® Animals are being seen in the zoo.
1. She is cleaning the dinning-room.
 @	
People are using this dictionary for learning.
 @	
3. Mary is wearing a blue skirt.
 @	
4. Web are studying English.
 @	CC192b
Change the following sentence into passive form
_ My mother is carrying a big luggage.
® A big luggage is being carried by my mother. 
1.The dog is digging a hole in the yard. 
 @	
2. We are discussing the projects. 
 @	
3. I am driving an expensive car. 
 @	
4. His teacher is shouting at him.
 @	
5. The children are playing football now.
 @	
6. He is repairing the car.
 @	
7. My mother is cooking dinner.
 @	
8. The children are playing with a dog in the park.
 @ 	
 CC193a CC 193 
3. Present perfect tense (thì hiện tại hoàn thành)
Active has / have + pp
Passive has / have + been + pp
_ Suri has played with some beautiful toys.
® Some beautiful toys have been played by Suri.
Change the following sentences into passive form
 _ I have already seen Ms Thanh at the market.
® Ms Thanh has already been seen at the market.
1. They have built these bridges for 3 months.
 @	
2. Someone has given 1000 dollars to the charity.
 @	 
3. They have chosen him as editor_ in_ chief.
 @	 
CC193b
Change the following sentences into passive form
_ She has taken this letter to the post office.
® This letter has been taken to the post office.
 Mary has bought this novel.
 @	
2. I have kept her babies for 2 hours.
 @	 
3. Peter has just done his exercises.
 @	 
4. Tom has played the piano.
 @	
5. He has given her some money.
 @	
6. I have just finished my work.
 @	
7. He hasn’t paid me money.
 @	
8. She has bought two houses in Hanoi.
 @	
CC194a CC 194 
4. Past simple tense (thì quá khứ đơn )
Active V2
Passive be (was / were) + pp 
 _ I cooked the meal last night.
® The meal was cooked last night.
CC193b
Change the following sentences into passive 
Change the following sentences into passive form
_ She washed her clothes yesterday.
® Her clothes were washed (by her) yesterday.
 He gave his mother some money.
 @	
 The boy wore warm clothes yesterday.
 @	
3. She finished her exercises last night.
 @	
4. I met her at school yesterday.
 @	CC194b
Change the following sentences into passive form
_ I saw the girl at the bookstore.
® The girl was seen at the bookstore.
1. She made a cake on his birthday.
 @	
2. My mother visited her friend yesterday. 
 @	 
3. She received these messages last night.
 @	
4. He carried out the plan yesterday morning.
 @	
5. Someone told a story yesterday.
 @	
6. I lost my key yesterday.
 @	
7. We forgot his schoolbag at home yesterday.
 @	
8. She told me her address last Sunday.
 @	
 CC195a CC 195
5. Past progressive tense (thì quá khứ tiếp diễn )
Active be (was / were) + V-ing
Passive be (was / were) + being + pp 
 _ I was playing the piano at that time.
® The piano was being played (by me) at that time.
Change the following sentences into passive form
_ The boy was writing this essay at 8 o’clock yesterday. 
® This essay was being written by the boy at 8 o’clock yesterday. 
1. People were destroying the forests. 
 @	
2. She was singing an English song at that time.
 @	
3. My mother was giving me a lovely gift at that time.
 @	
CC195b
Read the following passage and answer the below questions
In the first year of lower secondary school. Nam had some difficulties in learning English. His pronunciation of English words was really bad and his English grammar was worse. He did not know how to improve them. One afternoon after the lesson, his teacher of English told him to wait for her outside the classroom. She took him to the school library and showed him cassettes of pronunciation drills kept in a glass bookcase. She also told him how to use an English. English dictionary to improve his English grammar only one year later. Nam made much progress.
1. What difficulties did Nam have in learning English in the first year?
 @	
2. Who told him to wait for outside the classroom?
 @	
3. Where did they go after that?
 @	
 CC196a CC 196
 Date: ngày tháng 
 Time: giờ phút ~ giờ phút
7. Future simple tense (Thì tương lai đơn)
Active: 	will + Vbare infinive
Passive: 	will + be + pp
_ I will buy the dictionary for learning.
® The dictionary will be bought for learning.
Change the following sentences into passive form
_ She will give a novel tomorrow.
® A novel will be given tomorrow.
1. I will look after your baby.
 @	
2. She will introduce a new method.
 @	
3. They will draw the picture for family.
 @	
4. I will call the taxi for year. 
 @	
CC196b
Change the following sentences into passive form
_ We were buying this washing machine at that time.
® This washing machine was being bought at that time.
 Mary was cutting the flowers at that time.
 @	
 I was eating a chocolate at 8 o’clock yesterday.
 @	
 They were watching television at that time.
 @	
4. John was planting trees at that time.
 @	
5. They were cleaning the room at 7 o’clock last night.
 @	
6. My mom was reading the newspaper.
 @	
7. We were decorating the house at that time.
 @	
 CC197a CC 197
8. Modal Verbs (Động từ khiếm khuyết)
Active: can / could / have to + Vbare infinitive 
Passive: can / could / have to + be + pp
_ I can carry this luggage.
® This luggage can be carried.
Change the following sentences into passive form
_ I could speak four foreign languages.
® Four foreign languages could be spoken.
1. You have to write the novel.
 @	
 Mary can play the violin.
 @	
 She has to do her homework.
 @	
4. You have to keep your notebook carefully.
 @	
CC197b
Change the following sentences into passive form
 (Đổi những câu sau sang bị động)
_ He can give me some money.
® I can be given some money.
1. She should drink a cup of tea.
 @	
2. Lan has to improve her English.
 @	
3. I have to understand all the exercises.
 @	
4 .She could receive his gift.
 @	
5. We must do something now.
 @	
6. He may buy a new car next month.
 @	
7. We should hold a meeting now.
 @	 
8. You have to wear a coat when you go out.
 @	
 CC198a CC 198
B. Sequence markers (Từ chỉ trình tự)	
	F First (trước tiên); second (thứ hai); then (sau đó); next (tiếp đến); after this (sau điều này); after that (sau đó); finally (cuối cùng)
	F Những từ và cụm từ này được dùng để kết nối các hành động, sự kiện hoặc để chỉ trật tự trước sau trong một qui trình.
_ I go to the cinema. After that, I go to the library. (Tôi đi xem phim. Sau đó, tôi đi thư viện)
Fill in each blank, using first, second, finally
_ First, I will meet Lan. Second, I will invite her to go to the movie.
1. ______, I and she will go shopping. ______, we will go to a restaurant for a meal. ______, we’ll come back home. 
CC198b
Fill in each blank, using first, next, then, after that
_ I go to the cinema. After that, I go to school.
1. 	To prepare for writing an essay, we must work 	step by step. ______, we find main ideas and 	supporting ideas. ______, we write an outline. 	______, we can write the essay.
2. 	It’s hard to get a success. ______, we must 	overcome difficulties. ______ , we try to work 	hard. ______, we must master our knowledge.
3. 	I like her. ______, I’ll ask her name ______, 	I’ll make friend with her. ______, I’ll give her a gift. ______, I’ll invite her to go to the cinema.
4. 	Yesterday, I met a beggar. ______, he asked me 	the way to the church. ______, he asked me 	where the pagoda was. ______, he beg money 	from me.
 CC199a CC 199
Reading
I have a lot of friends. Julie is 16, she’s from England, Ken is 15, he is from Mexico, Francis is 14, he’s from Canada and Thuy is 14, she’s from Vietnam. Of all my friends are the ones I spend most of my time with. Each of us, however has a different character.
Julie is dynamic. She never lost her enthusiasm for helping. Ken and Francis are also extremely kind and generous. They spend their free time doing volunteer work at a local charity and they are hard working student who always gets good grades. Unlike, Julie, Ken and Francis, Thuy is quite reserved in public. She enjoys school and she wants to be a good teacher. I am not as out going as Julie. I like the peace and quiet. But I’m also sociable that’s why I have a lot of friends everywhere.
Although, we have quite different characters, the five of us are very close friends.CC199b
Choose the correct answer
1. The author talks about ______ of his friends.
a. four	 b. five	 c. all	 d. none
2. Who spend their free time doing volunteer work?
a. The author	b. Thuy	
c. Ken and Francis	d. Julie
3. What does the word “charity” mean? _ It means ______.
a. an organization for helping people in need
b. a person who needs help
c. a person who can work
d. a person who can get good grades
4. Who wants to be a teacher?
a. Julie	 b. The author	c. Ken	d. Thuy
5. The author is from ______.
a. Canada	
b. Laos	
c. Vietnam	
d. It doesn’t say in the text
 CC200a CC 200
Choose the correct answers
1. The new computer system ______ next month.
a. is being installed 	
b. is be installed
c. is been installed
2. ______, we’ll go to the movie. Next, we’ll eat dinner.
a. Then 	b. First	c. Finally
3. We ______ by aloud noise during the night.
a. are woken up	b. woke up	
c. were woken up 
4. First, I’ll go to the market. After that, I’ll cook. ______, I’ll do my exercises.
a. Finally	b. Finall	c. Final
5. A hole ______ in the yard by the dog.
a. are dug	
b. are being dug	
c. is being dug
6. He ask me if I ______ lend her some money.
a. can	b. could	c. do 
CC200b
Find out the mistake from the underlined words
Miss Tam has already been saw at the market.
 A B C
2. Next, I go to the library. After that, I find some 
 A B
 books. Finally, I’ll borrow them.
 C
3. I were being given a new bike by my father at 
 A B C
 at that time.
English has to been improved by Tom.
 A B C
5. First, Linh goes to the market. Third, she’ll cook. 
 A B
 Finally, she’ll go to the movie.
 C
6. The doctor told me eating more fresh fruit.
 A B C

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