Giáo án Tiếng Anh 8 - Units 16: Inventions - Trương Thị Mai Trâm

A. Objective: By the end of the lesson, students will be able to get information about a process of making chocolate; review and practice the passive.

B. Language contents:

 - Vocabulary: to crush, to liquefy, to grind, mold, conveyor belt.

 - Grammar : The passive form of The present simple.

C. Techniques: Ordering sentences, Matching.

D. Teaching aids: Textbook, Pictures, Posters.

E. Procedures:

 

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Week : 33	UNIT 16: INVENTIONS.
Period : 98 	LESSON 1 : GETTING STARTED + LISTEN & READ (P.131)
Date :
A. Objective: By the end of the lesson, students will be able to get information about a process of making chocolate; review and practice the passive.
B. Language contents:
 - Vocabulary: to crush, to liquefy, to grind, mold, conveyor belt.
 - Grammar : The passive form of The present simple.
C. Techniques: Ordering sentences, Matching.
D. Teaching aids: Textbook, Pictures, Posters.
E. Procedures:
T
Stages & Contents
Teacher’s activities
Students’ activities
7
6
1
8
9
6
7
1
I. Warmer: Matching
Match the pictures with the sentences ( Getting started )
* Keys: a. D d. E
 b. A e. C
 c. B
II. New words:
- a crush (situa.): nghiền nát.
- to liquify (trans.): làm thành chất lỏng
- to grind (trans.): xay nhỏ.
- a mold (situa.): cái khuôn.
- a conveyor belt (trans.): băng tải truyền.
* Checking: Rub out & Remember.
III. Activities:
* Set the scene: You’re going to read a dialogue about how chocolate is made.
1. Ordering statements:
a. People remove the cacao shells.
b. People grind the mixture.
c. People store the cacao beans.
d. People add cacao butter.
e. People crush and liquefy the beans.
f. People wash and cook the beans.
* Keys: 1- c 2- f 3- a 
 4- e 5- d 6- b
2. Matching:
a. The bean are cleaned
b. Mr. Roberts thought
c. After cooking
d. Sugar is
e. Mrs. Allen and Sam
f. A sample of chocolate is given
A. after visitors have toured the factory.
B. to leave some chocolate for the others.
C. the cacao beans smell like chocolate.
D. Tim and Sam were going to touch the button.
E. before being cooked.
F. one of the ingredients in chocolate.
* Keys: a- E b- D c- C
 d- F e- B d- A
3. Pronunciation practice:
The dialogue between the 4 people on page 148.
IV. Grammar: The passive form with The present simple.
Example: 
Active: People wash, weigh and cook the beans.
Passive: The beans are washed, weighed and cooked.
A: S + V1 + O
P: S +am/is/are +V3/Ved + by O
V. Homework:
- Learn the structure.
- Exercise 1 - page 96 – workbook.
- runs through the words & shows the pictures.
- get Sts to match.
- elicits, models & writes the words.
- checks Sts’ understanding.
- sets the scene.
- shows the poster & runs through. 
- gets Sts to order the statements.
- gets feedback.
- asks Sts to read the dialogue.
- gets Sts to match the 2 columns.
- gets feedback.
- asks Sts to practise the dialogue in 4.
- elicits the form.
- gets Sts to copy.
-asks Sts to find out all the passive sentences from the talk.
- assigns the homework.
- look at, listen and take note.
- match and give feedback.
- listen, repeat & copy.
- read and rewrite the words.
- listen.
- listen and take note.
- order, compare.
- give feedback.
- read and check their answers.
.
- read the dialogue and do the exercise
- give feedback.
- in groups of 4, practise the dialogue.
- tell the concept & take note.
- copy.
- write the sentences into notebook.
- take note.
F.Remarks:.....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
Week : 33 	UNIT 16: INVENTIONS.
Period : 99	LESSON 2 : SPEAK (P.149 +150).(P.156). 
Date : 
A. Objective: By the end of the lesson, students will be able to talk about many inventions using the passive.
B. Language contents:
 - Vocabulary: facsimile, reinforced concrete, X-ray, loudspeaker, helicopter, microphone.
 - Grammar: The passive form.
C. Techniques: Hangman, Gapfill, Answer given, Recall.
D. Teaching aids: Textbook, pictures, posters.
E. Procedures:
T
Stages & Contents
Teacher’s activities
Students’ activities
5
5
3
1
7
14
9
1
I. Revision: Hangman
IMPORTANT INVENTIONS 
II. Pre- stage: 
1. New words:
- a facsimile(trans.):
- reinforced concrete(n)(trans.):
- X-ray(n)(trans.):
- a loudspeaker (situa.):
- a helicopter (visual):
- a microphone (trans.):
* Checking: What & Where
2. Set the scene: You’re going to study about some important inventions in the world.
3. Gapfill: The table on page 150.
(Sts can look at the answer on page 156).
III. While- stage: Answer given.
Model:
T: printing press.
Ss: What was invented by Koenig?
T: in 1810.
Ss: When was it invented?
T: Germany.
Ss: Where was he from?
IV. Post- stage: Recall.
Sts report their findings to the class
Keys:
Invention
Date
Inventor
Nationality
Printing press
1810
Friedrich Koenig
German
Bicycle
1816
Karl D. Sauerbronn
German
Facsimile
1843
Alexander Bain
English
Sewing machine
1845
Elias Howe
American
Reinforced concrete
1849
F.J. Monier
French
Microphone
1878
D.E. Huges
American
X-ray
1895
Wilhelm Konarad
German
Loudspeaker
1924
C.W. Rice
American
Helicopter
1939
Igor Sikorsky
American
Color television
1950
Peter Carl Goldmark
American
Optical fiber
1955
Narinder Kapany
German
Laser
1958
Gordon Gould
American
Ex: The helicopter was invented by Igor Sikorsky in 1939.
V. Homework:
 - Exercise 2 – page 96 in the exercise book
- asks Sts to predict the words.
- pre-teaches the words & writes them on the board.
- draws circle & puts the words into.
- sets the scene.
- gets Sts to supply the missing places.
- shows the model and runs through the inventions & names.
- get Sts to work in pairs.
- assigns the homework.
- in teams, guess the letters.
- listen, repeat & take note.
- read & rewrite the words.
- listen.
- use the given information on page 156 to do the exercise.
- listen and take note.
- practise in pairs.
- take note.
F.Remarks:......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
Week : 34	 UNIT 16: INVENTIONS.
Period : 100 	LESSON 3 : LISTEN (P.150) + LANGUAGE FOCUS 2 (P.154) 
Date :
A. Objective: By the end of the lesson, students will be able to listen the process of papermaking in the past; practice the passive with the past simple.
B. Language contents:
 - Vocabulary: procedure, vat, to drain, roll, pulp fiber, to smooth.
 - Grammar : The passive with the past simple.
C. Techniques: Bingo, Gapfill, Ordering, Write-it-up.
D. Teaching aids: Textbook, Cassette, Tape recorder, Posters.
E. Procedures:
T
Stages & Contents
Teacher’s activities
Students’ activities
6
5
2
1
9
11
9
2
I. Warmer: Bingo
pour out, simple, roller, conveyor belt, paper pulp, press, mix, place. 
II. Pre - stage:
1. New words:
- a procedure (trans.):
- a vat (visual): 
- to drain (trans.):
- a roll (trans.)
- pulp fiber (n):
- to smooth (trans.):
* Checking: R & R
2. Set the scene: You’re going to listen a procedure of papermaking.
3. Gapfill:
Keys: 
1. simple
2. same
3. two hundred
4. left
5. rollers
III. While- stage: Listen and ordering.
Keys: 
 1-c 2-d 3-a
4-e 5-g 6-f 7-b
IV. Post- stage: Write-it-up.
(Language focus 2 on page 154)
The passive with past simple:
Active: S + V2/ Ved
Passive: S + was/were + V3/Ved
1. .was awarded..
2. .won
3. .ran 
4. .was run../ was sold...
5. .was closed 
V. Homework:
- Copy the exercise into notebook.
- Prepare for new lesson.
- asks Sts to play the game.
- pre-teaches the words & writes them on the board.
- rubs out the words.
- sets the scene.
- runs through the sentences.
- asks Sts to predict the missing words.
- plays the tape.
- runs through the sentences.
- plays the tape twice more & asks Sts to order the sentences.
- corrects.
- reminds Sts of the structure.
- asks Sts to work in pairs to complete the blanks.
- gets feedback.
- assigns the home work.
- choose 3 words, copy.
- listen.
- listen, repeat & take note.
- read & rewrite the words.
- listen.
- listen & take note
- guess the missing.
- listen & correct.
- listen & take note.
- order, compare & give feedback.
- listen & take note.
- copy.
- notice whether the sentences are active or passive.
- give feedback.
- take note.
F.Remarks:...........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
Week : 34	 UNIT 16: INVENTIONS.
Period : 101	LESSON 4 : READ ( P.151 + 152 ).
Date :
A. Objective: By the end of the lesson, students will be able to know read and get some information about some important inventions.
B. Language contents:
 - Vocabulary: microwave, toaster, vacuum, hairdryer, appliance.
 - Grammar : The passive form, The past simple, The present simple.
C. Techniques: Chatting, Matching, Gapfill.
D. Teaching aids: Textbook, Posters.
E. Procedures:
T
Stages & Contents
Teacher’s activities
Students’ activities
5
6
3
1
9
11
9
1
I. Warmer: Chatting
 How do household appliance machines help you in your housework?
II. Pre- stage:
1. New words:
- a microwave (trans.): lò vi sóng
- a toaster (trans.): lò nướng bánh.
- a vacuum (trans.): máy hút bụi.
- a hairdryer (trans.): máy say tóc
- appliance (n)(trans.): dụng cụ điện.
* Checking: What & Where.
2. Set the scene: You’re going to read a poem about some of the wonderful inventions.
3. Matching: (P.152)
* Keys: 
Verse 1 – b
Verse 2 – c
Verse 3 – a
III. While- stage: Gapfill
( Textbook page 152)
* Keys: 
1- vacuum
2- telephone
3- washing machine
4- microwave
5- hairdryer
6- toaster
IV. Post- stage: 
.
V. Homework:
- Learn new words.
- Prepare for new lesson.
- chats to Sts.
- introduce the new lesson.
- elicits, models & writes the words.
- draws circles & puts the words in.
- sets the scene.
- shows the statements and runs through.
- gets Sts to match.
- asks Sts to read and complete the blanks.
- gets feedback.
- assigns the homework.
- reply.
- get started with the lesson.
- listen, repeat & take note.
- read & rewrite the words.
- listen.
- listen and take note.
- match, compare and give feedback.
- read the text to find the missing words.
- compare & give feedback.
- take note.
F.Remarks:........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
Week : 34	 UNIT 16: INVENTIONS.
Period : 102	LESSON 5 : WRITE (P.152 + 153).
Date :
A. Objective: By the end of the lesson, students will be able to use sequence makers to describe a manufacturing procedure.
B. Language contents:
 - Vocabulary: log, flatten, refine, liquor, chemical.
 - Grammar : The passive form.
C. Techniques: Slap the board, Ordering, Gapfill, Write-it-up, Correction.
D. Teaching aids: Textbook, posters, Pictures.
E. Procedures:
T
Stages & Contents
Teacher’s activities
Students’ activities
6
5
3
2
7
14
7
1
I. Warmer: Slap the board
first
after this
next
finally
then
II. Pre- stage:
1. New words:
- a log (trans.): khúc gỗ.
- to flatten (trans.): làm thẳng.
- to refine (trans.): tinh chế.
- liquor (n)(example): chất lỏng.
- chemical (n)(trans.): hoá chất.
* Checking: R & R
2. Set the scene: You’re reading a papermaking procedure.
3. Gapfill: (The given words and the passage on P.152)
* Keys: 
1- First 4- After this
2- Then 5- Then
3- Next 6- Finally
III. While- stage: 
1. Ordering:
Order the pictures and sentences on P.153.
* Keys: 
1- d 4- c
2- a 5- b
3- e 6- f
2. Write-it-up:
Sts use the sequence makers to write a paragraph about how cacao beans are processed.
IV. Post- stage: Correction
Sts show their writing to correct.
V. Homework:
 Copy the corrected writing into notebook.
- draws circles & puts the words/ phrases in.
- gets Sts to play the game.
- elicits, models & writes the words.
- rubs the words.
- set the scene.
- runs through the words.
- gets Sts to complete the blanks.
- gets Sts to look at the pictures and given sentences.
- gets feedback.
- asks Sts to use the sequence makers to link the paragraph.
- asks Sts to show their writing.
- assigns the homework.
- look at.
- play the game in teams.
- listen, repeat & take note.
- read & rewrite.
- listen to the T.
- listen and take note.
- fill in, compare and give feedback.
- look at the pictures, order and match them with the sentences below.
- give feedback.
- write a paragraph about how cacao beans are processed
- listen to the T and take note.
- take note.
F.Remarks:.........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
Week : 35 	 UNIT 16: INVENTIONS.
Period : 103 LESSON 6 : LANGUAGE FOCUS 1,3,4 (P.154 + 155)
Date : 
A. Objective: By the end of the lesson, students will be able to review the passive form and write Wh-questions in the passive.
B. Language contents:
 - Vocabulary: //
 - Grammar : The passive.
C. Techniques: Sentence transformation, Answer given, Write-it-up.
D. Teaching aids: Textbook, Poster.
E. Procedures:
T
Stages & Contents
Teacher’s activities
Students’ activities
13
16
14
2
I. Language focus 1: Sentence transformation
The passive with past simple:
Active: S + V2/ Ved
Passive: S + was/were + V3/Ved
a. The document was typed by Mrs.Quyen.
b. The computer was repaired by Mr. Nhan.
c. The picture was drawn by Ba.
d. The lights were turned off by Hoa.
e. The cake was baked by Lan.
II. Language focus 3: Answer given.
Wh-words with the passive.
a. What was invented..?
b. What was brought..?
 When was maize brought..?
c. Who invented.?
 When was the .?
d. Where was the..?
e. In which machine is xerography widely used?
III. Language focus 4: Write-it-up
First, the rice crop is harvested. Then the rice plants are threshed. Next, the rice grains are husked in the mill to produce the brown rice. After this, the bran is removed in the mortar and it is finally winnowed to produce white rice.
IV. Homework:
Prepare for the second term examination.
 - reminds Sts of the form.
- gets Sts to change the sentences into the passive.
- gets feedback.
- corrects.
- asks Sts to puts questions for the underlined phrases.
- gets feedback.
- corrects.
- reminds Sts of the sequence makers.
- explains the words in the prompts.
- gets Sts to write their paragraph.
- asks Sts to show their writing.
- corrects.
- assigns the homework.
- look at and copy.
- change into the passive. 
- give feedback.
- look at & listen.
- follow the T’s requirements.
- give feedback.
- look at, listen and take note.
- look at & listen.
- take note.
- use the sequence makers to link the prompts.
- write on the board.
- take note.
- take note.
F.Remarks:.........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
Week : 35	 REVISION
Period : 104 
Date :
* Objective: By the end of the lesson, students will be able to review knowledge to take the second semester examination; know the format of testing paper.
Unit 9: 
1. in order to = so as to + Vo : để (làm gì đó) à chỉ một mục đích.
2. Future simple: (Thì tương lai đơn) à diễn đạt một hành động ở tương lai.
 S + will/ shall + Vo 
 S + will/ shall + not + Vo  (will not = won’t, shall not = shan’t)
 Will/ Shall + S + Vo ?
3. Will/ Shall + S + Vo ..? còn được diễn đạt 1 yêu cầu hoặc 1 đề nghị.
 Ex: Will you carry my bag, please? (Anh mang dùm tôi cái xách này được không?)
Unit 10:
1. Passive form with present simple: thể bị động với thì hiện tại đơn.
 Active: S + V1 + O
 Passive: S + am/is/are + V3/ Ved + (by O)
2. Passive form with future simple: thể bị động với thì tương lai đơn.
 Active: S + will/shall + Vo + O
 Passive: S + will/ shall be + V3/ Ved + (by O)
3. It’s + adj + to-infinitive: cấu trúc câu dùng chủ từ không có thật “It”.
 (to-Vo) khi dịch sang Tiếng Việt ta không dịch chữ “It”.
Ex: It’s difficult to do this exercise.(Làm bài tập này thì rất khó).
4. S + be + adj + that + S + V .: diễn đạt 1 trạng thái, 1 cảm xúc.
Ex: I am delighted that you passed your exam.(Tôi rất mừng khi bạn thi đỗ).
Unit 11:
1. Do/ Would you mind + V-ing.? : cả 3 câu trên đều diễn đạt 1 yêu cầu lịch sự.
 Would you mind if I + V2/Ved.?
 Do you mind if I + V1.?
Ex: Would you mind if I turned off the radio?( Anh có phiền long không khi tôi tắt radô?)
2. Present participle (V-ing): mang nghĩa chủ động.
Ex: The boy riding a bike is Nam.( Cậu nhỏ đang lái xe đạp là Nam)
 (Hành động lái xe là chủ động).
3. Past participle (V3/ Ved): mang nghĩa bị động.
Ex: The toy made in China is very lovely (Đồ chơi làm từ Trung Quốc thì đáng yêu).
 (Đồ chơi đó được làm, nó do con người làm ra).
Unit 12:
1. The past progressive tense: Thì quá khứ tiếp diễn.
 S + was/ were + V-ing ..
 S + was/ were + not + V-ing ..
 Was/ were + S + V-ing .?
a. Diễn đạt 1 hành động đang diễn ra ở quá khứ có thời gian xác định.
Ex: He was playing on the beach at 7 yesterday.
b. Diễn đạt 1 hành động đang diễn ra ở quá khứ bất chợt có hành động khác xen vào. Hành động đang diễn ra dùng thì QKTD còn hành động xen vào dùng thì QKĐ.
Ex: The phone rang while they were playing chess.(Điện thọai reo trong khi họ đang chơi cờ)
c. Các trạng từ thường gặp: when (khi), while (trong khi)
Main clause
Conjunction
Adv clause
was/were+ V-ing
when
V2/Ved
V2/Ved
while
was/were+ V-ing
2. The present progressive with “Always”: Thì hiện tại tiếp diễn với trạng từ “Always”.
 Ta dùng thì HTTD với “Always” để diễn đạt 1 thói quen vốn đã có ở quá khứ vẫn còn tồn tại ở hiện tại.
 S + am/is/are + always + V-ing .
Unit 13:
1. Passive form with past simple: thể bị động với thì quá khứ đơn.
 Active: S + V2/Ved + O
 Passive: S + was/ were + V3/ Ved + (by O)
2. Passive form with present perfect: thể bị động với thì hiện tại hòan thành.
 Active: S + have/ has + V3/ Ved + O
 Passive: S + have/ has been + V3/ Ved + (by O)
3. Reported speech with statement: Câu tường thuật với câu xác định.Tenses: thì
Reported
Adverbs: trạng từ
Reported
V1
Will
Must/ have to
Can
V2
Would
Had to
Could
This
Now
Here
Yesterday
Ago
Tomorrow
Today
That
Then
There
The day before
Before
The next day
That day
4. Compound adjective: Tính từ kép.
Ex: A fire-making competition
 (Article) + (compound adj) + (noun) 
 Noun V-ing
Unit 14:
1. Passive forms: Thể bị động (Xem lại thể bị động của 4 thì ở trên)
2. Reported speech with Yes/No question: Câu tường thuật với câu hỏi Yes/No
Direct : trực tiếp
Reported : tường thuật
Do/ Does/ Did + S + Vo.?
if
whether
S + V2/ Ved.
Is/ Are + S +.?
S + was/ were
Can/ Could + S + Vo.?
S + could + Vo.
Will + S + Vo.?
S + would + Vo
Shall + S + Vo.?
S + should + Vo..
May/ Might + S + Vo.?
S + might + Vo
3. Question words: Các từ dùng để đặt câu hỏi.( What, Where, How, Who, Why)
 S + V + O + question word + to-infinitive (to- Vo).
4. Modal verb: Động từ khiếm khuyết (Can, Could, Should, Might, Have to, Ought to, May, Will, Shall .)
 à Modal verb + Vo
Unit 15: Present perfect with “Yet” and “ Already”: Thì HTHT với “Yet” và “ Already”.
1. * “Yet”: có nghĩa là “xong chưa” được dùng trong câu phủ định và nghi vấn; ta đặt “Yet “ ở cuối câu.
 * “Already”: có nghĩa là “đã xong rồi” được dùng trong câu khẳng định; ta đặt “Already” sau have/ has.
 S + have/ has + already + V3/ Ved .
 S + have/ has + not + V3/ Ved . yet.
 Have/ Has + S + V3/ Ved . yet?
2. * Thì HTHT dùng diễn đạt 1 hành động kết thúc ở quá khứ không rỏ thời gian.
 * Thì HTHT dùng diễn đạt 1 hành động xảy ra ở quá khứ nhưng vẫn còn kéo dài tới hiện tại. 
3. Các trạng từ của thì HTHT: since(kể từ), for (khỏang), yet, already, recently (gần đây, just (mới vừa)

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