Giáo án Tiếng Anh 8 - Units 8: Country life and city life

I. Objectives:

1. Educational aim: students get acquainted with the topic “Country Life And City Life”.

2. Teaching aim: By the end of the lesson , students will be able to talk about the city life the country life.

II. Language contents:

1. Vocabulary: beautiful views, fresh food , traffic jam, relative, peaceful, permanently, remote, medical, accessible, definitely, change for the better.

2. Grammar: - Present progressive.

 - Comparative and superlative adjective.

III. Techniques: Eliciting, True / False

IV. Teaching aids : pictures, cassette, sub board.

V. Procedures:

 

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s: Textbook.
V. Procedures:
Teacher’s activities
1. Warm up :
- Ask them to put the out line for an informal letter in the correct order 
-Prepare 6 cards with 6 out line on them 
-Call six students to rearrange them in the correct order.
-Write the answer on the board so that Ss can answer the outline of the letter.
*a formal letter:
1. Heading:
 -Writer’s address.
 - Date 
2. Opening :
 -Dear 
3. Body of the letter:
4. Closing: 
2. Pre-Writing:
Ask Ss some questions
-“Do you often write a letter to your friend? Or Did you receive a letter you’re your fiend?”
-Ask Ss to work in pairs to answer the questions in exercise 2 (page 76) 
Give feedback 
Where do you live?
What does your house look like?
What can you see from your bedroom window?
How far is it from your house to school ?
What kind of facilities are there in your neighborhood?
What thing in your neighborhood do you like best ? Why? 
-Check and correct.
3 .While-Writing:
-Introduce the context .
-Ask Ss to write letter to friend about their neighborhood.
-Let them write individually 
-Ask ss to compare with their partners and correct if they can.
4. Post-Writing:
-Choose some letters to correct before class. 
Model letter
Dear Lan!
 Thanks for your letter. I’m pleased to tell you about my new house. Now I live in a small house on Dong Khoi street. It’s small but really beautiful. From my bedroom window, I can see a green rice paddy and a river. It’s not very far from my home to my school, about 1 km. So I walk to school everyday. In my neighborhood, there is a stadium, which I like best because I can go there to play soccer.
I hope you can come to my place some day.
Love
Hai Thuy
-Get feedback / Correct mistakes
5. Homework: 
-Do exercise inwork book.
-Prepare the next lesson.
Students’ activities
- Whole class.
-Look at the card and choose the suitable outlines. 
- Take note the outline on the books and try to remember.
-Answers
- Work in pairs .
a. I live in a small town /big house /village .
b. My house looks very nice/small with 4/5 rooms
c. From my bedroom window, I can see a small park with many green trees and colorful flowers.
d. It’s very near so I can walk to school .
e. There is a hospital, a post office, two schools a market ...
f. I like .best .Because.
- Share and compare with other group 
-Read
- Write letter to friend about their neighborhood 
-Write (Individual)
- Compare with their partners and correct 
(self-correct / teacher corrects)
- Read the letter.
-Write homework.
VI. Comments 	
__________˜&™_____________
Week: 17th	 
Period: 51th	 
UNIT 8	COUNTRY LIFE AND CITY LIFE 
Lesson 5	LANGUAGE FOCUS
I. Objectives:
Talk about the future events.
Talk about the differences.
II. Language contents:
Grammar: The present progressive.
 Comparative and superlative adjectives.
Vocabulary: Long adjectives and short adjectives
III. Techniques: Speaking, Writing, Completing.
IV. Teaching aids: Pictures, Books, Real objects.
V. Procedures: 
Teacher’s activities
1.2. Language focus 1 
 Ask them to do the exercise 1 on page 77.
- Call on some students to practice the dialogue.
- Give them the shipping information and ask them to make similar dialogues.
Example:
S1: is the boat to Quy Nhon leaving at 11.30?
S2: Is that good fortune?
S1: That’s right.
S2: I’m very sorry. It’s been delayed.
S1: Oh no 
S2: Now, it’s leaving at 13.35.
Example 2.
S1:s the boat from Canada arriving at 11.00?
S2: Are you talking about Diamond Eyes?
S1: Yes.
S2: it’s arriving on time.
2. Language focus 2 
- Ask them to use the suitable verbs the present progressive tense to complete the dialogue in exercise 2 page 78.
-get some pairs to practice the dialogues before the class and correct.
* Answer 
a. am playing 
b. are doing 
a. am watching 
d. am going 
e. are cleaning
f. am having
3. Language focus 3
- Give the form: Be + V- ing 
 Use: describe changes with “get” and “become”
- Ask them to do the exercises.
- Give the answer.
a. The boys are getting tall.
b. The old men are becoming weak.
c. It is getting dark.
d. The weather is getting cold.
e. The students are getting better.
f. The schoolyard is becoming cleaner.
4. Language focus 4.5
Remind students of the form of comparative and superlative 
a. Comparative
-short adjective-ER+than +
-more + Long Adjectives + than +
b. Superlative
S + Be + The + Short Adjective – EST + 
S + Be + The + Most - long Adjective + 
c. Irregular adjectives:
Good / well - better - the best 
Bad - worse - the worst 
Many - more - the most 
Little - less - the least 
c. Practice :
-Ask students to do exercise 4 on page 79 
-They have to work in pairs to make the different between the city and the country about food ,traffic, transport, air, entertainment, medical facilities, school, electricity with the adjectives easy, expensive, cheap, good, bad, poor, big,
accessible, fresh .
-Have students correct themselves.
-Then correct for them.
-Ask students to do exercise 5 on page 79 
-Ask them to read the advertisement then ask them some questions to check their understanding.
 5. Homework:
-do the exercises again
-Prepare the revision.
Students’ activities
- Practice with a partner.
S1: The boat from Canada arriving at 11.00?
S2: Are you talking about Diamond Eyes?
S1: Yes.
S2: it’s arriving on time.
- Give the answer: 
a. am playing 
b. are doing 
a. am watching 
d. am going 
e. are cleaning
f. am having
- Give the answer.
a. The boys are getting tall.
b. The old men are becoming weak.
c. It is getting dark.
d. The weather is getting cold.
e. The students are getting better.
f. The schoolyard is becoming cleaner.
- Give structures
- Give examples
- Listen and write
- Do exercises 4
- Work in pairs
- Correct
- Do exercise 5
THE TEN – MINUTE TEST
1. Write 5 sentences about the changes in your hometown. 
2. Complete each of the following sentences in such a way that it has the same meaning as the sentences printed before it (2.0pts) :
a. Ba is taller than Minh -> Minh is not .
b. She is more intelligent than her sister -> Her sister is not 
c. Nobody in my class is better than Hoa-> Hoa is the.
d. My bad is different from yours ->Your bag is not as..
e. A dress is more expensive than a shirt -> A shirt is 
* KEY AND MARKS :
1. 5Marks : - (1 m / 1 s ) . 
 Students answer themselves 
2. 5 Marks : - (1 m / 1 s ) . 
a. Minh is not as tall as Ba .
b. Her sister is not as intelligent as her .
c.Hoa is the best student in my class .
d. Your bag is not the same as mine(my bad) 
c. A shirt is cheaper than a dress .
Khối lớp 
Tổng số 
Điểm >= 5
Điểm 8 - 10
Điểm 0 - 3
Ghi chú 
SL 
%
SL 
%
SL 
%
8A2
22
8A3
23
V. Comments:	
__________˜&™_____________
Week: 17th	 
Period: 52nd 	 
REVISION OF THE FIRST TERM
I .Objectives:
	1 .Educational aims: By the end of the lesson, students should understand all words and structures they have learnt.
	2. Teaching aims: 
II. Language contents:
	1. Vocabulary: review.
	2. Grammar: present progressive, simple present, present perfect
III. Teaching aids:
IV .Techniques: picture description / True / False guessing, question-answer, multiple choice.
V. Procedures:
I. Summary of tenses
1. Simple present tense 
 I / We / You / They / + V + O 
 He / She / It  + V(s/es ) + O 
2. Simple Past Tense 
 S + V ( simple past ) + O 
Simple future Tense (Thì Tương Lai Đơn):
S + Will + V + O
Present Perfect Tense: 
S + Have / Has + Vpp + O 
 * Negative: 
 S + Have / Has + Not + Vpp + O
* Question:
 Have / Has + S + Vpp + O?
5 . S + Be + (Not) + Adjective + Enough + To- infinitive
Eg : He is not old enough to go to cshool.
( He is not old .He can’t go to school) . 
6.Talking about intentions with “going to”.
Eg : I am going to go to Da Lat next Sunday 
7. Reflexive pronoun 
Pronouns
 I
 You
 He
 She
 We
 They
proflexive
myself 
yourself / yourselves 
himself 
herself 
ourselves 
themselves 
8 .Used to : Đã từng (habit in the past : diễn tả thói quen trong quá khứ)
*.PREPOSITIONS OF TIME : GIỚI TỪ CHỈ THỜI GIAN 
 - On+ thứ / ngày /tháng ngày.
 - In + tháng / năm / mùa / buổi .
 - At night /  o’clock.
 - For + 1 khoảng thời gian (a year / a week / Two days / a long time .)
 - Since + 1 mốc thời gian (1989 / last year / yesterday )
 - Between  and.
 - Up to / until 
. Choose the best answer: 
 1. They ‘ve studiedsix o’clock . a.in b.at c.since d.for
 2 My mother was .last night, so we went out for dinner.
 a. tired enough to cook b .too tired to cook c . tired for cooking
 3 . .have you lived in thisn town ? (a. how much / how many /how far / how long)
 4. Airmail is .expensive than surface mail . (a. the most / the same / as / more)
 5. It’s two years since I last Joe . (a. see / saw ./ have seen / seeing) 
 6. He went to school late because he stuck in the  this morning .
 a. rush hour b. traffic light c . traffic jam d . cross road 
 7. Typhoons ,floods or droughts can easly .,a harvest 
 a. destroy b. finish c. provide d. defeat
 8. Which one is ..,milk or orange juice ? (better / good / the best / well)
 9. It .in winter ; Now it . (a. is raining / doesn’t rain 
 b. rains / doesn’t rain c. rains / isn’t raining d. is raining / isn’t raining
 10. The climate is hotter and hotter .
 a. coming b. becoming c. getting d. b&c are correct 
 11. The party was great and we enjoy ..very much . (ourself / ourselves / usselves)
 12. Our team won the game because we played very .  (well / goodly / better)
 13. Her mother is the .age as yours . (similar / same / as / diffirent)
 14. We spent a lot of time  that work . (to do / doing / do / does)
 15. You ..go to school late . (must / must not / don’t have to / have to)
. Homework
-learn by heart structures. 
-Prepare: Commands, request and advice in reported speech.
VI. Comments
__________˜&™_____________
Week: 17th	 
 Teaching Day: 21/12/2012
REVISION OF THE FIRST TERM
I. Objectives:
By the end of the lesson, students should understand all words and structures they have learnt. .
II. Language contents:
1. Vocabulary: review 
2 .Grammar 
* Commands, request and advice in reported speech
*Comparative 
III. Teaching aids:
IV. Techniques: True / False guessing, question-answer, multiple choice.
V. Procedures:
 1 Commands, request and advice in reported speech.
(câu tường thuật)
a.Report Commands and requestudents: tường thuật lại câu yêu cầu và câu mệnh lệnh 
S + asked / told + me + to infinitive.
b. Report advices: tường thuật lại một lời khuyên .
S + said + S + should + V(infinitive).
2. Comparative . so sánh .
 	a. Equative: so sánh bằng 
 S + be (not) + as + Ajective + as 
 b. Comparative: so sánh hơn 
S + Be + Short Adjective – ER + Than + ..
S + Be + More -Long Adjective + Than + ..
 c. Superlative: so sánh nhất 
S + Be + The + Short Adjective – EST + Noun
S + Be + The + Most - Long Adjective + Noun 
Short Ajective : tính từ ngắn (tt một âm tiết) 	
I/ Rewrite the following sentences:	-
1 Ba said to Khanh " Can you work harder, please ? "
 Ba asked	
2 My father said to me " You should live better"
My father said 	
3 Minh said to his sister " Please buy me a newspaper"
Minh told	
4 Jill is more intelligent than Bill. (as..as)
Bill isn't	
5 Your hair is black. My hair is black, too. (the same)
Your hair color .....................................as	
6 The film was so boring, but I thought it was interesting. (different from)
The film was quite..what	
7 He has worked for this company for ten years.
He started	
8 Lan last visited her mother 2 months ago.
Lan has not	
9 I went to the dentist's. I had a decaying tooth. (because)
I went 	
10 It's dangerous to leave medicine around the house.
Leaving	
IV. Homework
-learn by heart structures. 
-Prepare: . FORM OF VERBS :( DẠNG ĐỘNG TỪ )
V. Comments
__________˜&™_____________
Week: 18th	 
Period: 54th 	 
REVISION OF THE FIRST TERM
I. Objectives:
 By the end of the lesson, students should understand all words and structures they have learnt.
II. Language contents:
1. Vocabulary: review 
2 .Grammar : to – infinitives, bare – infinitives, gerund.
III. Teaching aids :
IV. Techniques: True / False guessing, question-answer, multiple choice.
V. Procedures:
Review all the structures from unit 1 to unit 8.
Acticity 1. FORM OF VERBS: (DẠNG ĐỘNG TỪ)
 Có 3 dạng ĐT: Bare infinitive (V). To infinitive (To V). Gerund (V-ing )
1. Bare infinitive (V) . 
 Động từ nguyên mẫu đứng sau các động từ sau:
Modal Verbs / would rather / had better / let / make / feel / see / hear / notice/used to + V 
To infinitive (To V).
 Động từ nguyên mẫu có to đứng sau các động từ sau:
 -want / intend / decide / expect / hope / mean / offer / promise / refuse / wish / ask / 
 invite/ agree/ advise / start / try / remember / would like / stop / like ..+ To infinitive 
 - Be + Adjectives + To infinitive .
 - Be + Adjectives + enough + To infinitive.
 - Be + too + Adjectives + To infinitive .
 3. Gerunds after some words :
 Động từ gerund (V-ing ) đứng sau các động từ sau:
like, love, dislike, hate , enjoy , avoid, stop , suggest, ask + V-ing 
 start , begin , try , mind, finish,tell 
Prepositions ( on / in / of / for/ of /at .) + V(infinitive)
Be + Adjective + to infinitive 
Be + Adjective + enough + to infinitive 
Be + too + adj + to infinitive 
Activity 2. COMPARATIVE. SO SÁNH . 
 Examples: 
1, I like playing tennis.
2, They love reading novels .
3, Would you mind telling me the way to the post office ?
4, We should avoid drugs .
5, He enjoys listening to music.
6. My mother is interested in watching TV.
7. He is fond of traveling.
8. They refuse to go out.
9. We decided to go to Da lat.
10 . It ‘s very difficult to learn Chinese. 
(underline the word or phrase that would bet complete the sentences)
He hasn’t been here (for / since / at ) Christmas.
The children shouldn’t (to play / play / playing) football in the street.
If you are not careful, you will cut (herself/ himself/ yourselves).
John is as (as tall as/ taller as / tall as) Tom.
We must be there (between / in / at) 9.30 and 10.30.
He enjoy (reading / to read / reads) picture books.
Mai is the (most intelligent / the most intelligent / intelligent ) girl in her class.
A car is (expensive / more expensive/ expensiver) than a motorbike.
Do you need any help ? ( Sure / No problem / Yes. That ‘s very kind of you)
My father has worked for his company (for / since / in) 20 years.
He plays (skillful / skillfully / skill)
(Scout / Scouting / Scouting) began in England in 1907.
The boys are (get / getting / gets) taller.
IV. Homework
-learn by heart structures. 
V. Comments
__________˜&™_____________
Week: 18th	
 Teaching Day: 23/12/2012
REVISION OF THE FIRST TERM
I. Objectives:
By the end of the lesson, students should understand all words and structures they have learnt. II. Language contents:
1. Vocabulary: review. 
2. Grammar: present progressive, simple present, present perfect
III. Techniques:
picture description / True / False guessing, question-answer, multiple choice.
IV. Teaching aids: Textbook, chalk
V. Procedures:
*Activity 1 Give the structures:	
1. Present Simple tense. (Thì hiện tại đơn)
- Use: Để diễn tả các sự việc một cách tổng quát, không nhất thiết chỉ nghĩ đến hiện tại. Ta dùng thì này để nói đến mot sự việc nào đó xảy ra liên tục ,lặp đi lặp lại nhiều lần, hay môt điều gì đó luôn luôn đúng, dù cho sự việc đó có xảy ra ngay tại lúc nói hay không là điều không quan trọng.
- Form: + S + V/Vs / es + .	 Ex -The earth goes around the sun.
S + don’t/doesn’t + V+ ..	 	-We don’t have classes on Sunday.
? Do/Does + S + V + .? 	- Does Lan speak French?
2. (not) adjective + enough + infinitive (không) đủ .. để
Ex: The water is hot enough for me to drink.
 She isn’t old enough to be in my class
3. Near Future: Be going to ( thì tương lai gần )
- Form : S + is / am/ are + going to + Vinf
- Use : Dùng khi nói về một việc mà ai đó quyết định sẽ làm hay dự định sẽ làm trong tương lai. 
Ex : There is a good film on TV tonight. I’m going to stay home to watch TV .
- Note : Be going to còn dùng để dự đoán một tình huống có thể xảy ra 
Ex: I feel tired . I think I’m going to be sick.
4. Adverb of place (Trạng từ chỉ nơi chốn): out side, inside, there, here, upstairs, downstairs ,next to, under ,..
Ex: The money was finally found under the boards.
5. Reflexive pronouns. (Đại từ phản thân): myself, yourself, himself, herself, itself, ourselves, yourselves, themselves . 
- Diễn tả hành động trở lại với chính người thực hiện . 
+ Nó có thể làm túc từ (Object). Ex: Be careful.. You’ll cut yourself.
+ Nó đứng ngay sau từ mà nó làm mạnh nghĩa. Ex: An sent this letter itself.
- Đại từ phản thân làm mạnh nghĩa cho chủ từ. Nó đứng ngay sau chủ từ, hoặc đứng ở cuối mệnh đề /câu. Ex: Mary herself cleaned the floor.
6. Modal verbs 
- Form : + S + modal verb + V + .	Ex : I can sing very well.
	 - S + modal verb + not + V +  Ex : Hoa may not come to the party tomorrow.
	 ? Modal verb + S + V + .? 	Ex : May I come in ?
- Modal verb : must, ought to, have to,should
* MUST: là khiếm trợ động từ (a modal) diễn tả sự bắt buộc hay sự cần thiết có tính chủ quan- do cảm nghĩ của người nói. (Ex: He must do this exercise again), hay diễn tả tính qui tắc hay lề luật . (Ex: We must drive on the right)
* HAVE TO : diễn tả sự bắt buộc hay sự cần thiết có tính khách quan – do yếu tố bên ngoài.
	Ex: Your eyes are weak. You have to wear glasses. 
* OUGHT TO + V(base form) (nên): diễn tả lời khuyên. Ex: We ought to obey our parents.
* SHOULD: diễn tả lời khuyên. Ex: You should help the needed children.
* MAY / CAN / COULD: được dùng để diễn tả lời yêu cầu hay đề nghị.
- Yêu cầu sự giúp đỡ: Can / Could + you + V + O / A, please ?(Ex: Can you help me, please.)
- Đề nghị giúp ai: May + I + V + O/A ?; Let + me + V + O/A. ; Do you need any help? Shall + I + V + O / A ? Ex: May I help you?
* WILL: dùng để diễn tả lời yêu cầu , đề nghị hoặc lời hứa
- Will + you + V + O + A / M , please? Diễn tả lời yêu cầu. 
Ex: Will you turn of the fan, please? I’m cold. 
- I + will + V + O + A / M ? diễn tả lời đề nghị làm điều gì cho ai .
	Ex: The phone is ringing . I’ll answer for you.
- S + will + V + O + A / M ? diễn tả lời hứa . Ex: I’m sory. This won’t happen again.
* Would / Do you + mind + . . . + ? diễn tả lời yêu cầu lịch sự .
- Would you mind + V-ing ( gerund) ? Ex:Would you mind telling me the result of the exam.
- Would / Do you mind if + I + V . . .? diễn tả yêu cầu được làm điều gì 
Ex: Would you mind if I opened the window? Do you mind if I open the window?
7. Questions with “WHY”: Dùng để hỏi về nguyên nhân hay lý do 
Why + do / aux. V + S + Vm + O . . . ?
	Ex: Why do they cover the electric sockets?
Để trả lời cho câu hỏi với WHY ta có thể dùng : 
- Mệnh đề với “because”. Ex: Why do you get up early? – Because I want to do exercise.
- Cụm động từ nguyên mẫu. Ex: Why do you do exercise? – To keep healthy.
8. Past Simple Tense (Thì quá khứ đơn)
- Use: Diễn tả hành động xảy ra và kết thúc tại một thời điểm xác định ở quá khứ 
- Form: + S + V-ed(regular) / V2 ( column irregular) +  Ex : - He arrived here yesterday.
 - S + didn’t + V + .	 - She didn’t go to school yesterday.
 ? Did + S + V +  ? - Did you clean this table?
- Note: Thì quá khứ đơn thường được dùng với các cum từ chỉ thời gian xác định ở quá khứ : last week / month / year . . ., a week / 3 days / 5 months . . . , yesterday, yesterday morning / evening, In+ năm, from 2000 to2005
- Cách đọc các đông từ ở quá khứ đơn với “ ED”: 
+ “ ED”: được đọc là /t/ khi những động từ nguyên mẫu có âm tận cùng là /f/, /k/, /p/, /s/,/tS/, /S/.
Ex : laughed , asked , helped , watch , pushed , dressed , 
+ “ ED”: đươcï đọc là /id/ khi những động từ nguyên mẫu có âm tận cùng là /d/ và /t/
Ex : needed , wanted , waited , ..
+ “ ED”: đươcï đọc là /d/ khi những động từ nguyên mẫu có âm tận cùng là các âm còn lại 
Ex : enjoyed , saved , filled ,.
9. Preposition of time (Giới từ chỉ thời gian) : at, in ,on, from . . . to, for, by
- AT : + một điểm thời gian cụ thể 	Ex : We have class at one o’clock.
	+ night	Ex : I sleep at night.
- IN : 	+ tháng/năm cụ thể	Ex : I was born 1994
	+ the morning/afternoon / evening	Ex : We have class in the morning.
- ON: + ngày trong tuần 	Ex : We have class on Monday.
	+ ngày tháng năm 	Ex: I was born on April 6, 2006
- FROM + một điểm thời gian + TO + một điểm thời gian
	Ex: We have class from 7.00 to 10.15
- FOR: + một khoảng thời gian : để nói rằng một cái gì đó diễn ra bao lâu rồi 
	Ex : We walked for 2 hours to reach the waterfall.
10. Used to + V(bare form): diễn tả một thói quen trong quá khứ nay không còn 
	Ex: He used to play tennis.
* Note : Sự tương phản: USED TO + V(bare form) (Đã từng )
 	 BE / GET + USED TO + NOUN PHRASE / GERUND (Quen)
Ex: Ba was born in a farmer family. He’s used to working in the sun.
Review all the structures from unit 1 to unit 8.
1. I ..a letter from my old fiend last week.
a. sent 	b. gave 	c. received 	d. took
2. “Would you to go to the movies with me?” “I’d love to”
A like 	b. want 	c. love 	d. mind
3. He is not ..get married.
a. enough old to 	b. enough old for 	
c. old enough to 	d. old enough for
4. her mother this city 2 years ago.
a. left 	b. leaves 	c. is leaving 	

Tài liệu đính kèm:

  • docUnits 8. Country life and city life.doc