Inversion (Đảo ngữ)

1. Never

Ex: I never come to work late→ Never do I come to work late

2. At no time=never

Ex: They never suspected him of being a spy→ At no time did they suspect him of being a spy

3. Seldom, rarely, scarcely

Ex: Rarely has Big Ben gone wrong

 I remember very few thing about my early childhood→ scarcely do I remember things about my early childhood

4. Only by + Ving, Aux + SV

Ex: You can’t succeed unless you try hard→ Only by trying hard can you succeed

5. Only with + Noun, Aux + SV

Ex: The bank lent him some money, which enabled him to buy a car

→ Only with the bank’s money could he buy a car

 

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INVERSION
1. Never
Ex: I never come to work late→ Never do I come to work late
2. At no time=never
Ex: They never suspected him of being a spy→ At no time did they suspect him of being a spy
3. Seldom, rarely, scarcely
Ex: Rarely has Big Ben gone wrong
 I remember very few thing about my early childhood→ scarcely do I remember things about my early childhood
4. Only by + Ving, Aux + SV
Ex: You can’t succeed unless you try hard→ Only by trying hard can you succeed
5. Only with + Noun, Aux + SV
Ex: 	The bank lent him some money, which enabled him to buy a car
→ Only with the bank’s money could he buy a car
6. Only after + Noun, Aux + SV
Ex: 	He only realized what his father meant to him after his death
→ Only after his father’s death did he realize what he meant
7. Only when/after SV, Aux + SV
Ex: 	I only recognized who he was when he called hi name
→ Only when he called his name, did I recognize who he was
8. On no account Aux + SV: không vì bất cứ lí do gì
Ex: 	You should never come to work late	→ On no account should you come to work late
9. Not until: mãi đến tận
a. Not until + Noun, Aux + SV
Ex: 	Man didn’t fly into pace until the early 1960s→ Not until the early 1960s did man fly into space
b. Not until + SV, Aux + SV
Ex: 	They continued to feel unsafe until they got home→ Not until they got home did they feel safe
10. Little Aux + SV
Ex: 	I don’t know much about astronomy	→ Little do I know about astronomy.
11. Hardly Aux + SV: hầu như không
Ex: 	They hardly had arguments	→ Hardly did they have arguments
+ 	Hardly anyone wears a hat nowadays
 	Hardly anything is worth buying
12. In/Under no circumstances Aux + SV: dù trong bất cứ hoàn cảnh nào (không dùng phủ định trong mệnh đề sau)
Ex: 	Under no circumstances must you betray your country
13. Hardly had S done when S did: vừa mới..thì đã
 No sooner had S done than S did: chưa kịp.thì đã
Ex: - 	He had just gone out when his friend called → Hardly had he gone out when when his friend called
- The doorbell rang the moment she lay down → No sooner had she lain down than the door bell rang
14. No longer Aux + SV
Ex: They no longer keep in touch with each other → No longer do they keep in touch with each other
15. So/Such + adj/adv Aux + SV
Ex: 	- He became so suspicious that he didn’t let anyone in 
→ So suspicious did he become that he didn’t let anyone in
- He was such a fast speaker that it was difficult for us to follow him → Such was he a fast speaker that it was difficult for us to follow him/ So fast did he speak that that it was difficult for us to follow him
16. Not only Aux + SV, but S also V
Ex: 	They robbed him. They beat him	/ 	Not only did they rob him, but they also beat him
17. Nor Aux + SV: cũng thế
Ex: 	She couldn’t speak Italian nor could she speak Spanish
18. Neither and so
- A:"I am not into hip hop."	 B: "Neither am I." (Or: "Nor am I.")
- A: "I am fond of flamenco dancing."	 B: "So am I."
19. Conditionals with inversions
 - Should SV, SV	Ex: -Should you meet him in Ha noi, give him my regards.
 - Were SC, SV	 - Were I you, I would try again./ - Were they to escape, they would be arrested again.
 - Had S done, S would have done. Ex: - Had he kept calm, he would have succeeded. 
 20. Here/ There ở đầu câu:
Ex: 	There is a letter for you on the desk. 	/ 	 Here is your pen.
21. Here/ There trong câu cảm
Ex: 	There goes the bus!	/	Here comes George!
22. Inversions after adjectives
Ex: Blessed are the children who are still unaware of what the future holds.
 Gone are the days when I could have been happy
23. Under/in/out/above V+S
Ex: The dog lay under the chair → Under the chair lay the dog
24. Inversions with "as"
Ex: Elisabeth was too shy to dance, as was Gerald.
 She decided to leave early, as did Gerald

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