Ôn tập môn Tiếng Anh 8

REVISION

*Unit 1 :

I/ The Simple Present Tense (Thì hiện tại đơn):

 1.Form : to be

- Affirmative : S + V1(S,ES) S + am/is/are .

- Negative : S + do/does + not + V S+ am/is/are + not

- Interrogative : Do/Does + S + V.? Am/Is/Are + S .?

2.Use :

a.Diễn tả hành động hoặc thói quen ở hiện tại (every,often,usually,sometimes,always .)

b.Diễn tả một chân lí,một sự thật lúc nào cũng đúng.(The sun rises in the east)

II/ The Simple Past Tense : (Thì quá khứ đơn) : diễn tả hành động xảy ra ở quá khứ.

1.Form : to be

- Affirmative : S + V2(ed) S + was/were .

- Negative : S + did + not + V S + was/were + not

- Interrogative : Did + S + V .? Was/Were + S .?

2.Use : diễn tả hành động xảy ra trong quá khứ xác định rõ thời gian(last,yesterday,ago,in the past,in 2000 )

3/ (not) adjective + enough + to_infinitive : (không) đủ .để

*Unit 2 :

1/ Be going to + V0 : diễn tả dự định ở tương lai gần.

2/ Adverbs of place : Trạng từ chỉ nơi chốn.

 Inside : ở trong ,Outside : ở ngoài, here : ở đây, there : ở đó, upstairs : trên lầu, downstairs : dưới lầu.

 

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REVISION 
*Unit 1 :
I/ The Simple Present Tense (Thì hiện tại đơn): 
 1.Form :	to be
- Affirmative :	S + V1(S,ES) S + am/is/are.. 
- Negative :	 S + do/does + not + V S+ am/is/are + not 
- Interrogative :	Do/Does + S + V.....? Am/Is/Are + S..?
2.Use :
a.Diễn tả hành động hoặc thói quen ở hiện tại (every,often,usually,sometimes,always.)
b.Diễn tả một chân lí,một sự thật lúc nào cũng đúng.(The sun rises in the east)
II/ The Simple Past Tense : (Thì quá khứ đơn) : diễn tả hành động xảy ra ở quá khứ.
1.Form :	to be
- Affirmative :	S + V2(ed) S + was/were..
- Negative :	S + did + not + V	 S + was/were + not
- Interrogative :	Did + S + V..? Was/Were + S ..?
2.Use : diễn tả hành động xảy ra trong quá khứ xác định rõ thời gian(last,yesterday,ago,in the past,in 2000)
3/ (not) adjective + enough + to_infinitive : (không) đủ.để
*Unit 2 :
1/ Be going to + V0 : diễn tả dự định ở tương lai gần.
2/ Adverbs of place : Trạng từ chỉ nơi chốn.
	Inside : ở trong ,Outside : ở ngoài, here : ở đây, there : ở đó, upstairs : trên lầu, downstairs : dưới lầu.
*Unit 3 :
1/Reflexive pronouns : Đại từ phản thân
I Ò myself	You Ò yourself	He Ò himself	She Ò herself
It Ò itself	We Òourselves	You Òyourselves	They Òthemselves
2/Modal verbs : động từ khiếm khuyết ( can,may,could,should,must,have to )
S + modal verb + V0
*Unit 4 :
1/Prepositions of time :
 In + tháng,năm, buổi,mùa. 	(Ex : in May,in 1990)
On + thứ ,ngày 	(Ex : On Monday, on January 9)
At + giờ 	(Ex : at 6 o’clock..)
After/Before+ giờ : sau/trước 	(Ex : after 5,before 9) 
Between and: giữa ..và.	(Ex : between 8:30 and 9:15)
2/Used to + V0 : đã thường Òdiễn tả thói quen ở quá khứ, chấm dứt ở hiện tại.
*Form :
- Afiirmative : S + used to + Vo
- Negative : S + didn’t + use to + Vo
- Interrogative : Did + S + use to + Vo?
*Unit 5 :
1/Adverbs of manner : Trạng từ chỉ thể cách (Softly,well,fast,badly,hard)
	Adj + ly = Adv 
Ex : He is a good soccer // He plays soccer well
Ex : She is a quick English learner.// She learns English quickly.
2/ In order to/ So as to + V : để (chỉ mục đích)
3/ Reported speech : Câu tường thuật
	*Request : câu yêu cầu,đề nghị.
	S + asked/told + O +(not) to_Vo
*Advice : lời khuyên (should)
S + said + S + should + V0
*Unit 6 :
1/Gerunds : (danh động từ) : V_ing
	S + like,love,enjoy,hate,dislike, + V_ing
2/Modal verbs (Động từ khiếm khuyết) : May,Can,Couldthường sử dụng trong câu yêu cầu hoặc đề nghị
	S + modal verbs + Vo
Asking for favors
Responding to favors
Can/Could you help me,please?
Could you do me a favor ?
I need a favor
Can/Could you?
Certainly/of course/sure
No problem
What can I do for you
How can I help you /
I’m sorry.I’m really busy
Offering assistance
Responding to assistance
May I help you ?
Do you need any help ?
Let me help you.
Yes/No.Thank you.
Yes.That’s very kind of you
No.Thank you.I’m fine.
*Unit 7 :
I/The Present Perfect (HTHT):
- Affirmative :	S + have/has +V3/ed
- Negative : 	S + have/has + not + V3/ed
- Interrogative : 	Have/Has + S + V3/ed?
	*since : kể từ (chỉ điểm thời gian)	*for : khoảng (thời gian)
- Thì HTHT diễn tả hành động xảy ra ở quá khứ nhưng vẫn còn kéo dài đến hiện tại.
* Các trạng từ của thì HTHT : since,for,yet,already,recently,just,ever,never.
I.Comparison of equality : So sánh bằng
(not) as.as (không) bằng, (not) the same as : (không) giống, different from : khác
 1.Affirmative 
	as + adj/adv + as (bằng /như)
Ex : I’m as tall as Nam (Tôi cao bằng Nam)
 John works as hard as his father.(John làm việc chăm chỉ như cha của anh ấy)
 2.Negative
	not as/so + adj/adv + as(không bằng/như)
Ex : This watch is not so/as expensive as mine.(=my watch)
(Đồng hồ này không đắt như của tôi)
 She does not sing as/so well as her sister.(Cô ấy hát không hay bằng chị của cô ấy)
*Unit 8 :
I/The Present progressive Tense : Thì hiện tại tiếp diễn
1. Form :
 - Affirmative : S + am/is/are + V-ing
 - Negative : S + am/is/are + not + V-ing
 - Interrogative : Am/Is/Are + S + V-ing?
2. Diễn tả hành động đang xảy ra trong lúc nói (now,at the moment,at present,at this time)
 Ex : We are studying English now.
3. Note :Ta dùng thì HTTD với động từ “get” hoặc “become” để diễn đạt 1 sự thay đổi.
 Ex : The weather is getting/becoming colder.(Thời tiết ngày càng lạnh hơn).
 S + am/is/are + getting/becoming + short adj _er
 more + long adj
II/Comparative (So sánh hơn) 
*Short adj (tính từ ngắn ) là tính từ có 1 vần or 2 vần nhưng tận cùng là y (tall,long,fat busy,noisy,happy,easy..)
	Ex : Lan is taller than Hoa.
	Ex : The roads in the city is busier than the roads in the country.
*Short adj(tính từ ngắn) + ER + THAN
*Long adj(tính từ dài) : là tính từ có 2 vần trở lên (modern,beautiful)
	Ex : This house is more modern than that one.	
*MORE + long adj + THAN
2/Superlative (So sánh nhất) 
	Ex : Lan is the tallest students in her class	
Ex : This is the most expensive dress in the shop.
*THE + short adj + EST 
	* THE + MOST + long adj
*Tính từ / trạng từ bất qui tắc :
Adj / Adv
Comparative
Superlative
good/well(tốt)
better
the best
bad/badly(xấu,dở)
worse
the worst
far(xa)
farther/further
the farthest/the furthest
little(ít)
less
the least
many/much(nhiều)
more
the most
*Tính từ/trạng từ tận cùng là “e”	Ex : 	large	larger	largest
*Tính từ tận cùng là “y”	Ex :	easy	easier	easiest
*Tính từ /trạng từ tận cùng là phụ âm đứng trước là một nguyên âm (hot/hotter/hottest)
TEST 1
* Choose the answer for each sentence :
1/She enjoys.jokes(tell/tells/told/telling)
2/He prefers watching tosoccer(play/plays/playing/played)
3/He fail the examhe was lazy.(if/because/why/when)
4/The Earth..around the sun(go/goes/will go/has gone)
5/Put all dangerous objects out.the achildren’s reach.(of/up/off/to)
6/Alexander Graham Bell.on March 3(born/was born/is born/has born)
7/My friends usually enjoy my sense of..(jokes/funny/humorous/humor)
8/Lan.her chores every day(makes/does/done/works)
9/The sunin the east(is rising/will rise/rises/has risen)
10/You look very.today(happy/happily/happiness/happiest)
11/My sisterFrench for 2 years.(studied/studies/had studied/has studied)
12/Hos’s room is..than Minh’s.(larger/large/largest/more large)
13/Your stamps are different.hers(to/of/from/as)
14/Your shirt is..expensive as mine.(so/not/as/same)
15/Can you help methis homework ?(doing/do/does/did)
16/It’s very kindyou to pick me up(for/off/of/to)
17/She told me..thes cakes to her house.(take/taking/to take/takes)
18/I prefer the city.the country(than/to/over/as)
19/My mother is too tired..tonight(cook/cooking/to cook/cooks)
20/Let me.you(help/to help/helping/helps)
21/He learned how..a computer(use/using/to use/ to using)
22/The little boy is not.to lift the suitcase(enough strong/strong enough/too strong/so strong)
23/My father used to.swimming in summer.(go/goes/went/going)
24/I often play soccerSunday afternoon.(in/at/on/for)
25/Last night I watched the movie “romeo abd Juliet”.At last they killed..
(himself/herself/themvelves/ourselves)
26/We must be there.7.30 and 8.15(at/before/between/after)
27/Vietnamese language is differentEnglish language.(as/like/from/with)
28/Jane is..beautifuf than her sister(as/like/the most/more)
29/London iscapital city in Europe.(large/larger/most large/the largest)
30/She told me.you that present(give/to give/giving/given)
31/She wasn’t old enough..in my class(be/ being/to be/been)
32/I uesd to..in that company(work/working/worked/works)
*Choose the best answer for each sentence :
1. He in Hue city for fifteen years.(lives/lived/is living/has lived)
2. You should work harder  your English pronunciation.(to/in/on/with)
4. She used to to school when she was young.(walk/walking/to walk/walks)
5. My mother told me to study (hardly/good/bad/hard)
6. What does she  like ?(is/see/look/do)
7. Would you like out for a drink with me ?(going/go/to go/went)
8. Nam always makes everyone laugh. He is (helpful/humorous/sociable)
9. Our family ............... live in the countryside when I was a child.(used/used to/uses)
10.The tea isn’t strong ....................to keep us awake(enough/so that/in order)
11.He fell ................... and broke his leg.(upstairs/ouside/inside/downstairs)
12.It was a lovely holiday and we really enjoyed ..............very much.(itself/ourselves)
13.Nam got the best grades because he studied very ................(hardly/hard/good)
14.They have built this hospital ........................... over one year.(for/since/in)
15.My father is the same age .......................yours. (to/with/as)
16.He 's very .........He doesn’t want to go to any public places.(humorous/ reserved/socialble)
17. My dad always goes to work ................. having breakfast.(at/until/after/between)
18.I don' t understand this problem. .................. you explain it to me ?(Could/Are/Do)
19.She ................a letter from her friend last week.(sent/took/gave/received)
20.Would you............ to meet him ? - Yes, I’d love to.(like/love/mind)
II/Write complete sentenses,using the words or phrases given :
1.-We/going/sell/this house/and/move/Ha Noi.
2/My younger sister/used/cry/when/she/be/a baby.
.
3/His brother/not/enough/tall/play basketball.
.
4/My father/not/have/enough/money/buy/a new motorbike.
..
5/Mary/ask/her mother/pick/her/up/after school.
6/Jane/have/a cold/3 days.
.
7/The weather/get/cold.
.
III/Write complete sentenses,using the words or phrases given :
1.- Lan/ like/ learn/ English.
.
2.- She/ study/ this foreign language/ nearly 3 years.
3.-She/ always/want/improve/her English.
.
4/Last week/ she/ buy/ English- Vietnamese dictionary.
..
5/She/ often/use/ it/ for/reading.
.
EXERCISES
I/Supply the correct tense of the verbs in parentheses :
1) I(go)________to school every day.
2) She(listen)______to music every night.
3) My father sometimes(go)_______to work by bus.
4) You always (have)_____lunch at school.
5)Where is your mother ? She(be)______in the kitchen.
6)We(be)_________pupils now.
7)They often(walk)________to school.
8)He(be)_______a teacher.
9)My mother often(go)________to Cao Lanh City.
10) He sometimes(get)_________up late.
11)Lan always(have)________lunch at school.
12)I(teach)________here for 8 years.
13)Hoa(go)______to HaNoi last summer.
14)Nam just(go)______out..
15)I already(see)___________that film.
II/Give the correct verb forms :
My mother dislikes(go)____________to the market late.
Nam has to(cook)____________dinner himself.
You ought to(study)____________harder.
We enjoy(work)_____________in a team.
They are going to (visit)_________Hue.
She wasn’t old enough (be)___________in my class.
I can (take)________you across the street.
Ba loves(do)____________homework.
I hate (cook)_____________meals.
This bag is not big enough (carry)____________everything.
Do they enjoy(work)____________in team ?
14.I used to (live)___________on the farm.
III/Fill in the blank with a correct reflexive pronoun :
You didn’t cut___________badly.
The boys__________do the homework this morning.
The students have to do the exercises_____________first.
My sister and I___________make this cake
Nam has to cook dinner__________
IV/Put these sentenses into reported speech :
The teacher said to Tim “ Come into my office, please”
..
Mrs Jackson said to Tim “ Could you give me a hand, please”.
..
She said to her son “ Go straight upstairs and get into bed ”.
..
Mrs Jackson said to Tim “ you should study harder”.
Mrs Jackson said to Tim “ Please wait for me outside my office”.
V/Do as directed below :
1.They plan to invite him for lunch tonight.(Use “be going to”).
2.The children liked to work in the rain.(Use “ enjoyed ” instead of ‘liked’)
3.He is very strong. He can lift this box.(Use ‘enough’)
4.She goes to work .. 6:45 a.m .. Monday  May.(Fill in the blank with a suitable preposition).
5.Nam has to do the work____________.(Fill the correct reflexive pronoun)
6.The teacher said to me “Keep silent”.(Turn into reported speech)
7.I have lived here____________years.(Put ‘for’ or ‘since’)
8.Orange juice is(good)___________than coffee.(Give the correct adjective).
9.This dress is the (beautiful)_____________in that shop.(Give the correct adjective).
10.Miss Jackson told Tim(study)__________harder.(Give the correct verb form)

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