Tài liệu bồi dưỡng học sinh giỏi Anh 8

Thì / Dạng 1.SIMPLE PRESENT

Khẳng định S + V [ -s /- es]

Phủ định S + don’t / doesn’t + V (bare-inf)

Nghi vấn Do / Does + S + V (bare-inf))

Bị động am / is / are + V-ed / V3

Nhận biết

Cách dùng -always, usually, occasionally, often

-every: every day, every year

-once / twice / 3 times

Diễn tả một chân lý, một sự thật hiển nhiên.

-Một thói quen, một hành đỗng xảy ra thường xuyên ở hiện tại.

-Hành động, sự việc tương lai sẽ xảy ra theo thời gian biểu hoặc chương trình, kế hoạch đã định theo thời gian biểu.

 

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ure you can do ...............................
8.Don’t worry. The situation isn’t so bad. It could be....................................
9.You’re talking very loudly. Can you speak a bit.......................................
10.You hardly ever phone me. Why don’t you phone me....................................
III.Complete the sentences with THAN or AS :
1. I can’t reach as high as you. You’re ...............................................................................
2.He doesn’t know much. I know ........................................................................................
3.We were very surprised..Nobody was .............................................................................. 
4.She is not a very good player. I am ..................................................................................
5.They have ben very lucky. I wish we were ........................................................................
IV. Rewrite the sentences.:
1.Yesterday the teperature was 9 degrees. Today it’s only 6 degrees.
- It is ......................................................................................................................................
2. The journey takes 4 hours by car and 5 hours by train.
- It takes ..................................................................................................................................
3.I expected my friends to arrive about 4 o’clock. In fact they arrived at 2:30
- My friends .............................................................................................................................
4.Chris and Joe both did badly in the exam. Chris got 20% but Joe only got 15%.
- Joe did .................................................................................................................................... 
5.We were very busy at work today. We are not as busy as that every day.
- We .........................................................................................................................................
6.Jane cooks better than her sister. 
 - Jane’s sister ..........................................................................................................................
7.Tom is the best football player in this team.
- Nobody in this team ..................................................................................................................
8.Nothing is faster than the speed of light. 
 - The speed of light ....................................................................................................................
9.Jack is younger than he looks. 
- Jack isn’t ....................................................................................................................................
10.I didn’t spend as much money as you.
 - You .............................................................................................................................................
11. Tuan is 17 years old. Hoa is 15 years old. 
 - Hoa is ..........................................................................................................................................
12.My job is more difficult than his. 
- His job .........................................................................................................................................
13.John’s sister sings better than him. 
 -John .............................................................................................................................................
14.You don’t speak slowly. Your brother speaks slowly.
- You don’t ....................................................................................................................................
15.This boy doesn’t help me much. He can help me much.
- This boy doesn’t ........................................................................................................................... 
16.Your car is more expensive than mine 
 - My car isn’t .................................................................................................................................
17.Her car runs fast but a race car runs faster .
 - Her car is not ............................................................................................................................
18. Nam’s house is big. Minh’s house is big, too . (same size) 
- ..................................................................................................................................................
19..Tom speaks English and Peter speaks English , too . (same language)
- ..................................................................................................................................................
20. Mr Dao teaches Geography . Mr Do teaches Math . (same subject)
- ..................................................................................................................................................
21.The Royal Hotel is 400 meters high. The Queen Hotel is 400 meters, too .( same height ) 
- ....................................................................................................................................................
22.Minh and Hoa are both 14 years old. ( same age)
- ...................................................................................................................................................
23.His bike is yellow .My bike is yellow, too (like)
 - ................................................................................................................................................
24. It is cold today. It was cold yesterday (like) 
 - .............................................................................................................................................
25.I’m Vietnamese. She is Russian .(different) 
- ................................................................................................................................................
26.This motorbike is 20 million VNdong. That motorbike is 12 million Vndong. (different)
- .....................................................................................................................................................
V. Prepositions:
1. She always agrees . everything he says. 2. I am not good . tennis.
3. She is very angry  me. 4. Does this flower belong .. all ?
5. She always borrows money  me . 6. My cats is very fond  fish.
7. I am very grateful . her  her help . 8. I’m quite different her.
9. Tat fashion mgazine is full advertising for women’s clothes..
10. I should like to be independent ... everyone. 11.May I introduce you . Miss Brown ?
12.I’m afraid  this dog. 13.Are you interested.. literature .
14.Clean air provides us  a healthy supply of oxygen.
15. I am very sorry  what I have done. 16.I am tired  .waiting  . her.
17.I am so worried . my sister who is ill. 18.It is very bad . you to eat so quickly.
19.Were your friends successful . getting a loan from the bank ?
20.I’m sure the explanation of the book will be quite clear  you.
21.Miss White was very upset .. the news of her father’s death.
22.Mr Green is responsible  hiring employees.
23.That type of music is quite popular . teenage boys and girls.
24.My daily expenses are just about equal .. my income.
25.We are still hopeful  hearing from our friend before Saturday.
26.These gloves aren’t very suitable  that kind of work.
27.They were happy ..the results of the examination.
28.It was certainly kind .... you to help me. 29.Her parents are very pleased ....her English.
30.She was sad because he was rude ... her. 31. Hurry or you ‘ll be late ....... school
32.Traveling by air is preferable ...... traveling by train.
33.Thank you . ou are kind.. me. 34. Everybody was very surprised  the news.
35. I was delighted .................the present you gave me.
36. Are you excited ........... going on holiday next week ? 
37. Tom is excellent  repairing things. 38. Tom is very quick. maths.
39. You fets bored .. doing the same thing every day.
40.Ann wasn’t very keen .. going out in the rain, so we stayed at home.
41. Jane was absent class yesterday. 42. He was sad . his failure.
43. This country is rich  oil. 44. Everyone is aware air pollution
45. Smoking is harmful .. your health . 46.Is this matter important .. you ?
47.Is she serious learning to be a pilot ? 48. I think you are qualified .. this job.
49.My mother is busy .. her housework. 50.Mr Long is skillful  dancing.
51.My house is far . school. 52.This chemical is dangerous ..humans.
53.Teachers are responsible .. the principal . their teaching. 
54.The lesson was dificult ............. us, but the teacher was capable .........making us understand it thoroughly
55.Out ............ sight, out .............mind. 56.I’m not familiar ..................... his name.
57..My hat is quite similar................. yours. 58.She is very jealous............ her sister(ganh tị)
59.For the last few days I haven’t been able to sleep .................. night.
60.The success or failure of the plan depends ............... you (Sự thành công hay thất bại phụ thuộc vào bạn)
61. Carol is engaged .... Lary. Their marriage is planned for May 3 
62. Barbara turned off the TV because she was tired .. listening to the news.
63.Last month, little Billy was bitten by a dog. Now he scared . every dog he sees.
64.We finished packing our sleep bags, tent, first-aid kit, food and warm clothes. We’re finally prepared ........our camping trip 
65.I’m worried ...... the safety of the product. 66.Jack is married . . Joan. 
67. The large table was covered ......... every kind of food you could imagine
68.John’s bald head is protected ..... the hot sun. He’s wearing a straw hat.
69.It’s traditional in England to eat turkey ....... Christmas day.
70.He apologizes . the inconvenience he caused. 
71.My present job isn’t wonderful, but I prefer it . what I did before .
72.Some words are difficult to translate . one language another.
73.What happened ........ the money I lent you ? How did you spend it ?
74.Our neighbors complained .... us ...... the noise we made last night.
75.Jill used to write to me quite often but I haven’t heard ........ her  ages now.
76.I saw Sue as I was cycling along the road. I shouted .... her but she didn’t hear me.
77.You look bored. You don’t seem interested. what I’m saying .
78.I suggested we should all go out for a meal but nobody else was keen .. the idea.
79.It was 800 km and I drive .. 100 kilometers per hours, so I will be there . 8 hours.
80.. the age .. 18 he was sent to prison theft .( cướp)
81. Why are you rude (thô lỗ)  your parents ? Can you be nice . them ? 
82.You can’t phone me . I’m not . the phone.
83.I didn’t watch the match.. television. I listened ... it .. the radio.
84.She always goes . a walk .. her dog in the morning.
85.After work we went to a café ... a drink. 86.She has always been very nice . me .
87.He gets bored ... doing the same thing every day.
88.Linda is married . an American. 89.The film was quite different . What I expect.
90.Come on, let’s go ! I’m tired . waiting . 91. What did he die .. ? - A heart attack
92.We stayed ..home because Ann wasn’t very keen  going  in the rain .
93.When I realised I was wrong. I apologised .. him  my mistake.
94.We complained . the manager . the restaurant ..  me.
96.I didn’t have any money. I had to borrow some .a friend of mine.
97.Someone threw an egg.. the minister while he was speaking.
98. Ann shouted “catch ” and threw the keys  me from the window.
99. I knew she was a bit strange before I met her. Tom had warned me  her.
100. This house reminds me  the one I lived in when I was a child.
I-Use the suitable forms of DO or MAKE to complete the following sentences :
1.A computer can .......simple calculations (phép tính) with lightning speed (trong nháy mắt)
2.The president of Hoa Minh Ward ....... a speech at the meeting tomorrow.(phát biểu)
3.The children ............... too much noise outside the house now.
4.She ....... the ironing every night. 5. I .... my shopping every Sunday
6.He invited us to sit down and then .some tea. 7. She .......... my bed this morning.
8.If you........... something wrong, will you feel sorry for it ?
9.You should ........ decision (quyết định) as soon as possible.
10.They ........ too many errors (lỗi) in the dictation (chính tả) last week.
11.I hate . the cooking. 12. My sister has just .. a cake.
13.Tom didn’t ... his homework. 14. We always ..... our best
15. Every student must ..... his duty.(bổn phận / nhiệm vụ) 
16.Did he .......... many mistakes ? 17.I want to . a course in English.
18. Have you ..........arrangements to sell your house ? . 
19. We have to ....... military service in my country.(nghĩa vụ quân sự)
20.She always  fun of me. 21.Let’s ..... a plan.
22.There’s nothing ............. there. Let’s . our way out. 
23.I’m going to .... some reading.	 24 I ............... the washing up last night.
25. She wants to.. a lot of money 26.I don’t want to .....a mess of the job.
27. I couldn’t come because I was busy .. ..... my new dress.
28.He .............. me read carefully before answering 29.He is .......... research in chemistry now.
30.I ................a promise never to see him again. 31.I like the way you’ve ..............your hair.
II. S + V (Present) + as though + S + V (Past simple / past subjuntive)
 (như thế/dường như)
* as if / as though : đứng trước một mệnh đề chỉ một điều không có thật hoặc trái với thực tế
Rewrite the following sentences:
1.They talk like kings. They talk as if .................................................................................
2.She makes up like an actress. – She makes up as if ...................................................................
3.Mary dreeses up like a queen. – Mary dresses up as if ..............................................................
4.She pretends (giả bộ) not to know me - She looks as if she ........................................................
5.You speak like a prophet (nhà tiên tri) - You speak as though ......................................................
6.He spends like a prince. – He spends his money as though ..................................................
7.My head seems to be on fire now. – I feel as if ...................................................................
8.I had a feeling that I was walking in the air..– I feel as though ................................................
9.She cries like a baby. – She cries as though ........................................................................
10.He behaves like an owner of the place. – He behaves as if ................................................
11.He acts like the rich. – He acts as if .....................................................................................
III. It’s time. + S + V (past simple)
 It’s high time
 It’s time + for + O + TO-inf
It’s time / It’s high time (đã tới lúc): diễn tả thì gian mà một việc nên dược làm ngay 
Rewrite the following sentences:
1.We must set out, it is a little late. – It’s high time ...................................................................
2.You should review your lessons for the exams. – It ‘s time ........................................................
3.He should call me on the phone. - It’s time ................................................................................
4.We must start working now. - It’s high time .....................................................................
5.We should solve this problem. - It’s time .........................................................................,,,.
6.He should buy a new car. - It’s high time ......................................................................
7.Your hair is too long. - It’s time .................................................................... ......
8.We all must go now. - It’s high time ...................................................................
9..You should practice speaking for the English speaking contest.
- It’s time ....................................................................................................................................
10.I must leave the party now. - It’s high time .................................................................
IV. 1. S + would rather (that) + S + V (past simple / past subjuntive) (ở hiện tại & tương lai)
Would rather (mong muốn rằng): dùng để diễn đạt nghĩa một người muốn người khác làm điều gì đó. 
 2. S + would rather (not) + V (bare-ìnf) ... (than) .... (ở hiện tại / tương lai) 
Rewrite the following senences:
1.Bill doesn’t work hard. I’d like him to work hard. 
- I’d rather ................................................................................................................................
2.He did not want to pay his debt (nợ) - I’d rarher ............................................................
3.He drives too fast. I want him not to drive too fast.
- I’d rather ................................................................................................................................
4.He smokes a great deal. I’d like him to give up smoking.
- I’d rather .................................................................................................................................
5. I’d prefer my wife not to talk too much. - I’d rather .......................................................
6.I want him to come to my house tonight. - I’d rather ........................................................
7.Tomorrow ‘s difficult. Come here next week.
- I’d rather ...................................................................................................................................
8. Shall I open a window ? - I think you shouldn’t open it.
- I’d rather .......................................................................................................................................
9. Mary is ill. I don’t think she had better go to school.
- I’d rather ......................................................................................................................................
10. Nam is absent from his class but he doesn’t have a sick note.
- I’d rather .................................................................................................................................... 
V.Conditional sentence type 1: If : nếu ; unless : nều.... không.
 Type 1
 IF-Clause
 Main clause
Có thật ở hiện tại hoặc tương lai
 V (hiện tại đơn)
Will / shall / can / may ..+ bare-ìnf
a. Put the verb in brackets into the correct tense:
1.If I see him, I (give) ....................................... him a gift.
2.If he (study) .................................... hard, he can pass the exam.
3.Rice plants (grow) ................................ if there is enough rain.
4.If she (not hurry) ................................., she may be late.
5.If I tell you a secret, ............... you (promise) ........................ not to tell it to anyone ?
b.Use UNLESS instead of IF :
1.If you are not careful, you will cut yourself with that knife.
- Unless ...................................................................................................................................
2.If you do not like this one, I’ll bring you another.- Unless .........................................................
3.She ‘ll be late if she does not hurry. - Unless ...........................................................................
4.If you doesn’t sneeze, he won’t know that we are there.
- Unless......................................................................................................................................
5.If she does her hair differently, she will look quite nice.
- Unless ...........................................................................................................................................
c.Make conditional sentences according to the fact provided (type 1)
1.Keep silent or you wake the baby.- ..............................................................................................
2.Go right now or you’ll be late for the train.- ..............................................................................
3.Be calm or you’ll make a wrong decision.- ................................................................................ 
4.Practice speaking English regularly or you will not pass this entrance exam. 
- ......................................................................................................................................................
5.Turn down the gas or the rice will burn. -....................................................................................
 VI ADJECTIVE + PREPOSITION (Tính từ + Giới từ)
 It was / is + adj + of someone + to-inf ...; Ai đó thật là khi ......
 nice / kind / good / generous (rộng lượng) / polite (lịch sự) / silly (ngớ ngản) / stupid (ngốc nghếch) 
 S + BE + nice / kind / good / generous / polite / friendly / cruel + TO
 angry / annoyed / furious / + ABOUT something (giận dữ / bực mình / tức giận)
 WITH somebody FOR doing something 
excited / worried / upset / sad / anxious /nervous / happy / serious + ABOUT something
delighted / pleased / satisfied / disappointed +WITH something (thích thú/hài lòng/thỏa mãn/thất vọng)
surprised / shocked / amazed / astonished + AT / BY something (ngạc nhiên / bàng hoàng / kinh ngạc)
impressed + WITH / BY somebody / something (khâm phục (gây ấn tượng)
fed up / bored / familiar / crowded + WITH something (chán ngấy / chán nản / quen thuộc/ đông đúc)
sorry + ABOUT somehing (xin lỗi)
 FOR doing something
 FOR someone (lấy làm tiếc cho ...)
afraid / scared / frig

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