Giáo án dạy thêm môn Tiếng Anh 8

Buổi 1:

Present simple tense talk about general truth .

Structure:( not) adjective + enough – infinitive.

Exercises

I.Grammar

1.Present simple to talk about general truths.

o We use the present simple to express general truths.

For example.

• The earth moves around the sun.

• The moon goes round the earth.

• The sun rises in the east and sets in the west.

• The bear sleeps during the winter.

• Today is Monday; tomorrow is Tuesday.

• Fish lives in the water.

• Water consists of main elements: Hydrogen and Oxygen

2.Use of “enough”.

o Enough is put before noun and after adjective.

For example

She hasn’t enough money to buy a new house.

There is not enough time to finish the test.

There wasn’t enough room for us to sleep

He has enough reasons to be angry.

S + V + Enough + N + To-infinitive

Enough + N + For + O + To-infinitive

The rope is not long enough.

She isn’t old enough to drive a car.

It is not old enough for her to drive a car.

I am fool enough to trust her.

S + Be + ADJ + Enough + To-infinitive

 

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raise funds by (collect)used paper and bottles.
They hope ( help).other people with their small projects
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Teaching:....../......./ 
Buổi 7
COMMANDS, REQUESTS AND ADVICE IN REPORTED SPEECH
EXERCISES
A. GRAMMAR.
I. Commands, requests, and advice in reported speech.
1. Reported speech.
- Direct speech: nêu nguyên văn lời nói của ai đó đã nói. Chúng ta dùng dấu ngoặc kép trong loại câu này.
Ex. He said to me "Stop talking"
- Reported speech: thuật lại nguyên ý ( chứ không phải nguyên văn) lời nói của ai đó. Không dùng dấu ngoặc kép với loại câu này.
Ex. He said to me "Stop talking" (Direct speech)
 -> He told me to stop taling (Reported speech)
2. Reported commands and requests:
S + told/ asked + sb + (not) to-infinive
Ex. He said to me "Can you give her the letter?"
 -> He asked/ told me to give her the letter.
 He said to me "Don't touch it"
 -> He told/ asked me not to touch it
3. Reported advice:
S + said + (that) + S + should + infinitve
Ex. "Tom, you should visit your grandparents once a week," Mum said.
-> Mum said (that) Tom should visit his grandparents once a week.
B.EXERCISES
I/ Write the past simple form and the past participle of the following verbs
 Infinitive
 Past
Past participle
 Meaning
To begin
To break
To bring
To build
To buy
To find
To get
To give
To lead
To let
To lose
To sell
To take
To write
To meet
To go
To be
To eat
To see
To do
To show 
Began
..
..
..
.
.
.
....
.
..
..
.
.
.
.
.
Begun
..
..
..
.
.
.
..
..
.
.
.
.
 bắt đầu
..
..
..
.
.
.
..
..
.
.
.
.
II. Chia thì hiện tại hoàn thành cho những động từ trong ngoặc sau đây.
I (work)..with him since1970
She (study)English for 3 years now.
I (not see)you for ages.
They (live)..there for their whole life.
..you( meet).him since we said goodbye?
Where you( be) .1999?
How long .you (learn).French?
We (not get)..in touch with him for years.
He( leave).for London for 2 years
The village ( grow).into a small town for ten years.
I (do) ..all the housework. The flat is really clean now.
He ( write).a novel for two years, but he ( not finish)..it yet.
I like your car. How long .you(have)..it?
Mr Quang (teach) Math in this school since 2001.
III/ Write sentences with the cue words. Use the present perfect tense of the verbs
He/ have/ a cold/ a week. →...................................................................................................................
They / buy/ the new house/ April. →....................................................................................................... 
My family/ be/ here / Christmas. . →.......................................................................................................
We/ not see/ each other/ 10 years. →.....................................................................................................
Mr Clark/ work/ in the bank/ a long time.
.....................
Tom and Jonh / go/ to France / last summer. →......................................................................................
My sister/ start/ a new job/ yesterday. →.................................................................................................
I /not eat/ in that restaurant/ ages. →.......................................................................................................
Mr Jobinson / teach/ in this school/ 1978.
.............
I/ write / this letter/ six o’clock . . →..........................................................................................................
IV/ Put since or for into each gap to complete the sentences.
I have known her..............three days.
My boss wii go away........................the next 10 days.
I’m staying in England ..................a year.
She has lived in London..................1990
Please hurry up. We have been waiting...............an hour.
She has known me ...................January
Nam’s father has worked in this company...............20 years.
Have you learned English ..........a long time?
I haven’t seen Tom ...................we left school/
The house is dirty. We haven’t cleaned it................ages.
V/ Choose the underlined word or phrase that needs correcting.
1. I’d like sending these cards to America. 
 A B C D
2. The new shopping mall is quite differrent with the present shopping area.
 A B C D
3. I’ve studied English since I’ve started high school . 
 A B C D
4 . Shopping in the mall is more comfort than in the market.
 A B C D
5.Nam doesn’t run quickly as Linh , but he can run farther 
 A B C D
6. Everyone in the neighborhood are pleased with the new mall.
 A B C D.
7. My father has worked in that company since more than 20 years 
 A B C D
8. Today seems as hotter as yesterday, but the humidity is lower.
	 A B C D
9. Is surface mail much more cheap than airmail?
 A B C D
10. My uncle has lived in London for ten years, but now he lives in Bristol.
	A B C D
VI/ Choose the best answer.
 1. They have studied .................six o’clock .
A. in 	 B. at 	C. since	 D. for 
 2.My mother was..............last night , so we went out for dinner.
A. tired enough to cook B. too tired to cook C very tired to cook D. tired for cooking
3. The new mall is quite..................the present shopping area.
A. different from B. the same C. like to D. similar
 4. .............have you lived in this town? – For 20 years.
A. how long B. how much C. How far D. How many
5. They ......a holiday for ten years. 
A. haven’t lived B. didn’t had C. don’t have D. aren’t having
 6. How long.........you...........in Hue?
A. has/live B. have/lived C. have /living	 D. has/lived 
 7. Airmail is ............expensive than surface mail.
A. the most B.the same C. as D more
 8. A:What are you interested ?
A. on 	 B. in C. at D. of
 9. What ,,,,,,,,,,,I do for you? 
A. can B. do C. will D. may
10. What do you like..in your free time?
A. do B doing C. did D. to do
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 Teaching:....../......./ 
Buổi 8
IMPERATIVE
PRESENT SIMPLE TENSE WITH FUTURE MEANING
EXERCISES
A. GRAMMAR.
I Câu mệnh lệnh trong lời nói gián tiếp (Imperative in reported speech)
 Khi ®æi c©u mÖnh lÖnh trùc tiÕp thµnh c©u mÖnh lÖnh gi¸n tiÕp, cÇn l­u ý:
 + §éng tõ t­êng thuËt lµ: ordered, commanded (ra lÖnh), requested, asked (yªu cÇu), told (b¶o lµm )
 + T©m ng÷ trùc tiÕp chØ ng­êi nhËn mÖnh lÖnh ®­îc nªu lªn.
 + H×nh thøc mÖnh lÖnh cña ®éng tõ trong c©u mÖnh lÖnh trùc tiÕp ®æi thµnh ®éng tõ nguyªn thÓ.
 (+) He/ she + ordered + object + to infinitive
 	commanded
	told
	asked	
	requested
 Eg: “Please wait for a minute.” The man asked me
 à The man asked me to wait for a minute.
 “Would you mind opening the door” she asked me.
 She asked me to open the door.
 He said to the waiter, “ Please bring me some hot water.”
 à He told to the waiter to bring him some hot water.
 I said to her “Please shut the window.”
 à I asked her to shut the window.
 (-) He/ she + ordered + object not to + infinitive
	told
	asked
 Eg: “ Please don’t talk loudly”.
 à He asked me not to talk loudly.
 He said “Don’t shut the door”.
 à He asked me not to shut the door.
II. Present simple tense with future meaning.
- Ngoài các cách dùng như trong Unit 1, thì hiện tại đơn còn mang ý nghĩa tương lai khi nói về thời gian biểu, chương trình, lịch trình, và trong câu thường xuất hiện các trạng từ chỉ thời gian cụ thể.
Ex. The film finishes at 9 p.m
They go on holiday in June.
The football match at 3 p.m
B. Exercises 
I/ Choose the word that has the underlined part pronounced differently from the others
1. a. definite 	b. drive c.supplies d. migrant 
2. a. country b.scout 	 c. government d. cousin 
3. a. helped b. asked c.increased	 d. prefered
4. a. character b. school c. teacher 	 d. chemistry 
5. a. earth 	 b. heart c. earn	 d.heard 
6 a. washed 	b. laughed 	 c. watched 	 d. played 
7. a. on 	b. grocery c. notice d. photo 
8. a. keep 	 b. cheap c.weekend 	 d. pleasure 
9. a. semester 	b. experiment c. necessary	 d. Geography 
10.a. comfort b. concern c. Sunday d. cover 
II/ Write the second sentence so that it has a same meaning to the first.
1. The last time we saw her was on Christmas Day.
We haven’t .
2. I haven’t eaten this kind of food before.
This is .
3. It started raining an hour ago.
It has..
4. We haven’t visited my grandparents for two months
The last time.
5. I have studied English for three years.
I began
6. My brother hasn’t seen his best friend for nearly five years.
It’s
7.When did you start learning English?
How long..
8. Jane is as tall as her older sister
Jane is the same.
9. These are not as large as those houses
Those houses are..
10. Your backpack is not the same as mine
My backpack is..
11. The last time I saw him was in 1989.
I haven’t
12. When did you begin to learn English?
How long.
13. Are you and Jane the same age?
Are you as..
14. “ Don’t walk on the grass”, the gardener said to us.
The gardener
15. I expected my friends to arrive at 4 .00, but they arrived at 2.30.
My friends.
III/ Complete the letter to a news paper, using the present perfect or past simple of the verbs.
 A few days ago I(learn) that someone plans to knock down the White Horse Inn. This pub(be) the center of village life for centeries. It . (stand) at our crossroad for 500 years. It.(be) famous in the old days, and Shakespear once .(stay) there, they say. I.(live) in Brickfield all my life. The villagers.(know) about the plans for a week and already there’s a “Save Our Pub’s campaign.” Last week we (be) happy, but this week we’re angry. We will stop them, you’ll see.
IV/ Choose the best answer to complete the sentences.
Minh .....in this town since 1987.
A. lives
B. has lived
C. lived
D. is living
We..a party next Saturday. Can you come?
A. have 
B. will have
C. are having
D.are to have
Typhoons, floods or droughts can easilya havest.
A. destroy
B. finish 
C. provide
D. defeat 
I often spend my weekends.through pleasant open countryside.
A. travel
B. to travel 
C. to traveling
D. traveling
Which one is ..? milk or orange juice?
A. better
B. good 
C. the best 
D. well 
Thank you ! That is ..gift I’ve ever received.
A. the nicer
B. the nicest
C. a nice 
D.nicest 
Could you talk..? I’m trying to work.
A. more quietly
B. quieter than 
C. more quiet
D. quiet 
The countryside is.quiet..I don’t want to live there permanently.
A. too/ that
B. very/ until
C. such /that
D.so/ that 
9. He went to school late because he was stuck in the.this morning.
A. rush- hour
B. traffic light
C. traffic - jam
D. cross- road
10.Farmers often..other work when they need more money.
A. look for
B. look at 
C.look after
D. look over
11. I’m not good repairing things.
A. at 
B. for 
C. in 
D, about.
12. The moon around the earth.
A. moves
B. has moved
C. is moving
D. will move
13. The film was boring. It was .film I’ve ever seen.
A. most boring
B. more boring
C. the most boring
D. the more boring
V/ Choose word or phrase that needs correcting.
1. My uncle and aunt lived in this village for over twenty years.
	 A B C D
2.You should take a taxi although it’s raining hard
 A B C D
3. We are going to study until we will finish our homework.
	A B C D
4. Our new car is hard to drive than our old car.
 A B C D
5. There are a lot of food in the fridge, so help yourself.
 A B C D 
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 Đ ề1
 I / Choose the best answer to complete the sentences.
Please let Helend .with you.
A. go 
B. to go 
C. going 
D. goes 
No one else in the class plays guitar ..Jonh. 
A. as well 
B. as well than
C. so as well
D.as good ase
Ian .in Scotland for ten years.Now she lives in London.
A. lives 
B.has lived 
C. lived 
D. is living 
He five gold medals since the beginning of the Sea Games.
A. wins 
B. won 
C. has won 
D.is winning
The students are playing in the school yard.
A. happy
B. happier 
C. happiest
D. happily 
My friend suggested .by bus. 
A. to go 
B. go 
C. going 
D.goes 
We ..wear uniform when we are at school.
A.have to 
B. must 
C. can 
D. may 
I’m very ..in the information you have given me. 
A. concerned 
B. surprised 
C. worried 
D. interested 
9. does it take you go to school? 
A. How much 
B. How long 
C. How far 
D. How often 
10.Lake Superior is..any other lakes in the world.
A. larger than
B. the largest of
C.largest of 
D. the larger than
11. The Lane is Nguyen Trai Street and Tran HungDao Street.
A. near 
B. between
C. beside
D, on 
12.Are you looking forward on holiday?
A. going
B. to go 
C. to going 
D. that you go
13. Cool the burns immediately so as to.tissue damage.
A. ease 
B. relieve 
C. minimize 
D. maximize 
14. You are always at home. You ..go out more often.
A. should
B. can 
C. must 
D. ought ng
15. She told himup late.
A. not to stay
B. to not stay
C. to stay not
D. not stay 
II/ Write the second sentence so that it has a same meaning to the first.
1. “ Turn off all the lights when you go out:”, Jane said to Tim.
Jane .
2. “ You should take more exercises, Mr Roberts”, the doctor said
The doctor.
3.No one in the group is younger than Jane.
Jane is ..
4. It’s nearly two years since we saw Hellen. 
We haven’t .
5. My sister dances very well . 
My sister
6. My brother hasn’t seen his best friend for nearly five years.
It’s
7.When did you start learning English?
How long..
8. Jane is as tall as her older sister
Jane is the same.
9. These are not as large as those houses
Those houses are..
10. Your backpack is not the same as mine
My backpack is..
III/ read the passage then choose the best answer for each question.
 Last week, my friend and I spent a weekend in the countryside.We visited my uncle’s farm. I had been to the farmseveral times before, but this was the first time for my friend.Naturally,it was a great event for him. Finally, the days came. It was a fine morning. We got up very early because we want to leave home after breakfast. We made the journey by bus. We reached my uncle farm at noon. After lunch we spent many hours walking round the village to see the sights and walking through the wood to look for the bird’s nests.
 In the next morning, we had a big breakfast with plenty of farm products. After breakfast, my uncle took us to a small lake not far from home. There we finished and had a nice lunch with the fish we caught . 
 The weekend was short; however, we enjoyed it very much. The country air was fresh and pure. We felt healthy and strong when we came back th city for our school work.
How long did the writer and his friend spend in the country?
A. a day 
B . two days
C. a few days
D. a week
 2.What was the weather like on the day they started the journey?
A. It was bad
B . It was rainy
C. It wa groomy
D. It was good
3. When did they reach the farm?
A. at 9 a.m
B .at 12 o’clock
C. at 4 p.m 
D. at 8 p.m
4. What did they do on the first day?
A. go fishing
B .go sightseeing
C. go hunting
D. go swimming
How did they feel when they come back for their school work?
A. healthy
B . enjoyable
C.fresh 
D.tired 
III. Find and correct the mistakes in th esentences.
How long you have learnt English?.........................................................................................
Mr Brown is work in a factory in city.
He is having two children: aboy and a girl. .
His wife are working in the same factory. .
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Teaching:....../......./ 
Buổi 9
GERUNDS
MODAL: MAY, CAN, COULD
EXERCISES
A. GRAMMAR.
I. Gerund.
- Danh động từ: là dạng động tậmn cùng bằng –ing và có chức năng của một danh từ. Danh động từ (gerund) có thể làm chủ từ (subject), túc từ (object), bổ từ (commplement), và đồng cách từ/ từ đồng vị.
1. Subject (chủ từ): Danh động từ được dùng làm chủ từ để diễn tả một ý kiến phổ quát (general or popular idea)
Ex. Smoking is harmful to health.
 Walking in the morning is a good exercise.
2. Object (túc từ/ tân ngữ)
a. Object of a verb (túc từ cho động từ): Một số động từ có động từ theo sau ở dạng danh động từ như: Enjoy, consider, practise, finish, quit, avoid, admit, delay, pospone, mind, risk, recall, miss, can't help, can't bear/ stand.
Ex. We practise speaking English in class.
 He avoids playing with that naughty child.
b. Object of a preposition (túc từ cho giới từ): Động từ theo sau một giới từ luôn ở dạng danh động từ.
ex. His son is interested in reading picture books.
 We're thinking about raising our class's fund.
3. Complement of a subject (bổ từ cho chủ từ)
Ex. My interest is collecting stamps.
4. Appositive (từ đồng vị/ đồng cách từ)
Ex. He has one desire, taking care of his old parents.
5. Một số động từ có thể có động từ theo sau hoặc ở dạng danh động từ hay động từ nguyên mẫu với nghĩa khác nhau.
a. Stop:
- Stop + Gerund: chỉ ngưng việc gì đang làm.
Ex. He stops smoking. 
- Stop + Infinitive: ngưng (làm điều gì) để làm một điều khác.
Ex. The worker stops to smoke a cigarrete.
II. Can, could, may: (modals) còn được dùng diễn tả lời yêu cầu hay đề nghị.
1. Asking for favour: (yêu cầu sự giúp đỡ)
Ex. Can you help me, please?
 Could you help me to carry the suitcase, please?
2. Đề nghị giúp ai: (Offering assistance)
May I + V...?
Let me + V ...?
Do you need any help?
Shall I + V ...?
Ex. May I help you?
 Shall I help you?
 Let me help you.
 B.EXERCISES 
I/ Choose the word that has the underlined part pronounced differently from the others
1. a. revise 	b. tight c.describe d. victim 
2. a. could b.wound 	 c. would d. should 
3. a. bleed b. heat c.head 	 d. tea 
4. a. burned b. stopped c. asked 	 d. promised 
5. a. towel 	 b. down c. window d flower 
6 a. finished 	 b. coughed 	 c. watched 	 d. played 
II/Choose the best answer to complete the sentences.
1. She promises she me up at 7.30 
A. will pick
B. picks 
C. is going to pick
D. pick 
People use first- aid ..ease the victim’s pain and anxiety.
A. so that 
B. in order to 
C. so as not to
D.in oder that
Leave the victim .flat and don’t let him .chilled.
A. lying / to become
B.to lie/ become 
C. lying/ become
D. to lie/ to become
Shall I do the washing- up?.............................
A. I’m afraid not
B. I don’t think so
C. No,thanks. I can do it myself.
D.I’m sorry ,I can’t
He broke his legs, so he has to use a(n) to get around.
A. stretcher
B. ambulance 
C.wheelchair
D. scale 
The Lane isNhuyen trai Street and THD street.
A. near 
B. between 
C. beside 
D.on 
you post this letter for me please?
A.Will 
B. Do 
C. Are 
D. Won’t 
She felt off her bike and her head on the road. 
A. hited 
B. hit 
C. hitted 
D. hits 
9. My brother is studying very .. 
A. hard 
B. hardly 
C. harder 
D. hardest 
10.Do you want to listen the radio? 
A. to 
B.for 
C.at 
D. in 
11. Thank you for your flowers you me yesterday. 
A. send 
B. sending
C. sent 
D, sends 
12.Are you looking forward abroad ?
A. going
B. to go 
C. to going 
D. that you go
13. Cool the burns immediately so as to.tissue damage.
A. ease 
B. relieve 
C. minimize 
D. maximize 
14. He protected himself.. ..rain 
A. from 
B. of 
C. to 
D. on 
15. The flowers ..to cheer me up when I am was sad.
A. help 
B. helping 
C. helped 
D. to help 
II// Choose word or phrase that needs correcting.
1. They are working at weekends so as to not delay the project. .
 A B C D
2.Jonh didn’t write to me since he came back to his country.
 A B C D
3. Are you staying in to watch TV tonight or do you come dancing?
	A B C D
4. Would you mind to open the window for me? .
 A B C D
5. The ambulance is going to be there in about 10 minutes .
 A B C D 
6. She asked me to calm down and give me some first aid intructions.
 A B C D
7. The movie starts at 7.00 , so I think I leave home now.
 A B C D
8. She learned English so that she can study in the USA
 A B C D
9.I will give it to him when I will see him tomorrow morning.
 A B C D
10. The nurse asked me to use a towel to cover th wound and hold it tightly
 A B C D
IV / Write the second sentence so that it has a same meaning .
1.Where is the nearest post office?
Could you..?
2. Open the door, please.
Will you?
3. Hanh is studying very hard because she doesn’t want to fail in the exam.
Hanh is studying very hard in order.
4. Do you want me to drive?
Shall?
5. I want you to hepl me carry the bags.
Can..?
6. He climbed the tree because he wanted to get a better view.
He climbed the tree so as..
7. I have decided to hepl him revise the lesson.
I am.
8. We are willing to drive you to the air port.
We’ll..
9. You can get off the train at Bath.
The train.
10. “ Please send an ambulance to Quangtrung School” Lan said to the nurse.
Lan asked
V/ Combine pairs of the following sentences , using “in order to/ so as to”
He went to HCM City. He wanted to meet his friends.
 →
She phoned me last night. She wanted to know the result of the examination.
 →
My mother went to the market. She wanted to buy food.
 →
The man is practising singing English songs. He will take part in a singing contest.
 →
The children are working hard. They have to pass the final examination.
 →
We are saving money. We want ot buy a neew 
 →
They are spending a lot of money. They are trying to please their friends.
 →
The kids have kept silent for days. They want to tell their parents that they are not ple

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