Giáo án Tiếng Anh 8 - Units 13: Festival

Change the following sentences into passive voice

_ Mary cooks the eggs.

 The eggs are cooked by Mary.

1. He takes my books away.

 

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 CC151a CC 151 
 Date: ngày tháng 
 Time: giờ phút ~ giờ phút
 Name: ______________________
UNIT 13: FESTIVALS
v Review passive form (ôn thể bị động)
v Forming the passive voice 
 (Cách thành lập dạng bị động)
Active: S	 V	 O
Passive: S1	 VP.P by O1
VP.P = be + VPAST PARTICIPLE 
Active: Lan breaks my glass.
Passive: My glass is broken by Lan.
* “by O1”: đứng trước trạng từ chỉ thời gian, sau trạng từ chỉ nơi chốn.
_ The flowers were watered in the garden by Lan yesterday.
* Các đại từ làm chủ ngữ ở câu chủ động như: I, they, you, he, she, it, people, someone,  có thể được lược bỏ ở câu bị động.
 _ He breaks my glasses.
® My glasses are broken. (by him)
CC151b
 1. Passive voice of the simple tense
 (Bị động của thì hiện tại đơn)
Active: S V(s/es) O
Passive: S1 am / is / are + PP (by O1)
 (PP: past participle)
_ She breaks my glass.
® My glass is broken (by her).
Change the following sentences into passive voice
_ Mary cooks the eggs.
® The eggs are cooked by Mary.
1. He takes my books away.
 @	
2. Laura sends me a letter.
 @	 
3. Lan makes a cake for her birthday.
 @	
 CC152a CC 152
Change the following sentences into passive voice
_ Someone owes me $5000.
® I am owed $5000.
1. Miss White teaches math.
 @	
2. He asks me to participate in his company.
 @	
3. She cleans the door everyday.
 @	
4. They take my computer away.
 @	
5. People admire this picture.
 @	
6. My father likes tea.
 @	
7. We lock the door at 7 p. m everyday.
 @	
8. People usually decorate the Christmas tree with colored lights and shiny balls.
 @	
CC152b
2. Passive voice of the present progressive tense (Bị động của thì hiện tại tiếp diễn)
Active: S	am/ is/ are + V_ing 	O
Passive: S1	 am/ is/ are + being + p.p 	(by O1)
_ My brothers are painting the house.
® The house is being painted by my brothers.
]
Change the following sentences into passive voice	
_ I am repairing my computer at the moment.
® My computer is being repaired at the moment.
1. They are cutting down a big tree.
 @	 
2. My mother is cooking food.
 @	
3. She is writing a letter now.
 @	 
4. He is reading an interesting book.
 @	
 CC153a CC 153
Change the following sentences into passive voice 
_ He is cooking dinner.
® Dinner is being cooked (by him).
1. My father is painting a car.
 @ 	
2. Mr. John is teaching us English.
 @	
3. People are using this room for relaxing.
 @	
4. I’m reading my books at present. 
 @	
5. Mary is watering the flowers in the garden.
 @	
6. Her sister is cleaning the floor now.
 @	
7. He is checking the documents.
 @	
8. My sister is playing the piano at the moment.
 @	
CC153b
 3. Passive voice of the past simple tense 
 (Bị động của thì quá khứ đơn)
Active: S V2/ed O
Passive: S1 was / were + p.p (by O1)
 _ He killed the boy last night.
® The boy was killed (by him) last night.
Change the following sentences into passive voice
_ The storm destroyed the village.
® The village was destroyed by the storm.
1. I studied this document yesterday.
 @	 
2. He offered his friend some money.
 @	
3. She cleaned those doors.
 @	
4. I thanked my classmate for helping me with my homework.
 @	 
 CC154a CC 154
Change the following sentences into passive voice
_ The police arrested three men last night.
® Three men were arrested by the police last night.
1. Nga wrote that letter last night.
 @	 
2. Last night, Tom bought some books.
 @	 
3. I gave Lan a gift.
 @ 	
4. My sister finished this job yesterday.
 @	
5. She broke my pencil.
 @	 
6. They damaged a car.
 @	
7. He ate all apples. 
 @	
8. I took a lot of photos on last Wednesday.
 @	
CC154b 
 4. Passive voice of the past progressive 
 (Bị động của thì quá khứ tiếp diễn)
Active: S was / were + V_ing O
Passive: S1 was / were + being + p.p (by O1)
 _ I was cooking dinner at that time.
® Dinner was being cooked (by me) at that time.
Change the following sentences into passive voice
 _ Mary was playing a game at that time.
 ® A game was being played by Mary at that time.
1. They were cutting a coconut at that time.
 @	
2. I was sawing a tree at that time.
 @	
3. They were driving a truck at 7 p.m last night.
 @	
4. Laura was waiting for the final bus at 8 p.m.
 @	
 CC155a CC 155
Change the following sentences into passive voice
1. Peter was writing a book at that moment.
 @	 
2. We were buying that TV at that time.
 @	 
3. She was studying English.
 @	 
4. Tom was reading a newspaper at that time.
 @	
5. David was washing his clothes at 9 p. m last night.
 @	
6. She was pushing a car at that time.
 @	
7. They were doing exercise at that time.
 @	
8. My brother was repairing the computer at 8 p. m last night.
 @	
CC155b
Choose the correct answer
1. I’m not rich enough _______ that car.
a. buys	b. bought	 c. buying	d. to buy
2. The earth _______ around the sun.
a. went	b. is going	 c. goes	d. will go
3. I _______ for her since half past six.
a. waited	 b. waits	
c. have waited	 d. am waiting
4. Would you mind if I _______ early?
a. leave	b. leaving	 c. left	d. leaved
5. The book _______ yesterday.
a. was bought	 b. is bought	
c. bought	 d. buys
6. The cassette player _______.
a. has just repaired	 
b. have just been repaired
c. has just been repaired	
d. is just repaired
7. The fire _______ many things in his house last year.
a. was destroyed	 b. was destroying	
c. destroys	 d. destroyed 
8. The house ________ two weeks ago.
a. sells	b. is sold	 c. was sold	d. solden
CC156a CC 156
 Date: ngày tháng
 Time: giờ phút ~ giờ phút
 Name: 	
UNIT 13: FESTIVALS
v Review passive form (ôn thể bị động)
 5. Passive voice of the present perfect 
 (Bị động của thì hiện tại hoàn thành)
Active: S have / has + pp O
Passive: S1 have / has + been + pp (by O1)
 _ Lan has made these cakes.
® These cakes have been made by Lan.
Change the following sentences into passive voice
_ Mr. Lam has built this villa since 2002.
® This villa has been built by Mr. Lam since 2002.
1. Nobody has used this machine for years.
 @ 	
2. They have just built a new church near my house.
 @ 	
CC156b
Change the following sentences into passive voice
_ Nga has made the chairs.
® The chairs have been made by Nga.
1. My mother has washed some dishes.
 @	 
2. Tom has just broken the radio.
 @	 
3. Someone has taken my hat away.
 @	 
4. They have killed the dog.
 @	 
5. Someone has bought many books.
 @	
6. We have moved the table.
 @	
7. They haven’t collected the stamp.
 @	
8. I have lost my key again.
 @	
 CC157a CC 157
 6. Passive voice of the future 
 (Bị động của tương lai đơn)
Active: S	will + V(bare)	O
Passive: S1	 will + be + p.p	(by O1)
_ I will post a letter for my friend.
® A letter will be posted for my friend (by me).
Change the following sentences into passive voice
 _ I will send him a present.
 ® He will be sent a present.
1. They will give me some money.
 @	 
2. Peter will use his house for rent.
 @	
3. She will bring a cassette to school.
 @	
4. I will buy some new clothes for Tet.
 @	
CC157b
Change the following sentences into passive voice
_ I will do my homework tonight.
® My homework will be done tonight.
1. He will finish his English course next week.
 @ 	
2. Someone will clean the room.
 @	
3. The author will write this novel in June.
 @	 
4. Her mother will take her to hospital next week.
 @	 
5. Nobody will solve this hard problem.
 @	 
6. They will hold the party tonight.
 @	
7. Mary will pick Ann up this afternoon.
 @	
8. We will arrange things in our house.
 @ 	
 CC158a CC 158
7. Passive voice of modal verbs (can / should / must / have to,) (bị động của các động từ khiếm khuyết)
Active: S can / should / must + V(bare) O
Passive: S1 can / should / must + be + pp (by O1)
_ I can carry that suit.
® That suit can be carried (by me).
Change the following sentences into passive voice
_ I have to finish my homework.
® My homework has to be finished (by me).
1. She should carry out her job.
 @	 
2. He can cancel his plan.
 @	
3. They could refuse the deal.
 @	 
CC158b
Change the following sentences into passive voice
_ I can carry that suit.
® That suit can be carried (by me).
1. We should care for the kid.
 @	
2. Michael has to inform the news now.
 @	
3. Someone should tell Lan what happened.
 @	
4. We must do something now.
 @	 
5. We can solve the problem.
 @	
6. They may send the man to prison.
 @ 	
7. He could answer these questions easily.
 @	
8. I will ask the people in this office.
 @	
 CC159a CC 159
Supply the correct form of verbs
_ This tree (plant)was planted by my father last year
1. 	When we (meet) _________ Tom yesterday, 	we (walk) _________ through the park.
2. 	Your poem (should, write) _________ in 	French.
3. 	Do you know how (make) _________ fire 	without wring matches?
4. 	There (be) _________ competitors in the race 	now.
5. 	On Christmas Day, greeting cards (often / 	send) _________ to one’s friends, relatives
6. 	His plays (perform) _________ on the stages in 	London last week.
7. 	He (take) _________ to hospital two hours ago.
8. 	I (not, play) _________ tennis since 1990.
9. 	This machine (use) _________ for many years.
10. 	Many products (make) _________ in China.
11. 	This song (compose) _________ by Trinh Cong Son.
12. 	The report (finish) _________ tomorrow.
13. 	Many stars can (see) _________ at night.
14. 	Tom (not / love) _________ by Jane.
CC159b
Change the following sentences into passive voice of the present perfect and past simple
_ Nga has made the dolls.
® The dolls have been made by Nga.
1. Nobody has used this car for years.
 @	
2. The storm destroyed the village.
 @	
3. They killed the cat yesterday.
 @	
4. My mother has washed some dishes.
 @	
5. Someone has bought many books.
 @	
6. Lan broke my bicycle. 
 @	
7. We have seen that film twice.
 @	
8. She heard some strange noise in her house last night.
 @	
 CC160a CC 160
Choose the underlined part in each sentence that should be corrected
_ A dangerous situation was create by the bad 
 A B C D
 roads.
® câu C: created
1. Film can only be developing in a dark room.
 A B C D
2. They agreed lending me some money when I 
 A B 
 told them the position I was in.
 C D
3. This house was building over 100 years ago. 
 A B C D
4. English is speaking in many countries all over 
 A B C D
 the world.
5. What were you do at 10 o’clock last night?
 A B C D
6. I am delighted receiving your message. 
 A B C D 
CC160b
Rewrite the following sentences using passive voice
_ The man built the house in 1990.
® The house was built by the man in 1990.
1. Alexander Brain invented the facsimile in 1843.
 @	
2. They dry the tea leaves in the sun.
 @	
3. No one brings this chair to the room.
 @	 
4. People can reuse the empty bottles 30 times.
 @	 
5. We must do something now.
 @	 
6. They will give me some books.
 @	
7. He is washing his car now.
 @	
 8. I have learnt English for 4 years.
 @	SUBJECT + VERB ( s / es)
Modal verbs
He/She/ It
may/ might
not + V(bare inf)
, may/might
he/she/it I/you ?
we/they 
must
, must
I/You/
We/They
shall/will
, shall/will
can/could
, can/could
should/would
,should/would
Note: “shall” chỉ dùng với “I/ We”
 à We won’t eat breakfast tomorrow, will be?
ECT + VERB ( s / es)

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