Giáo án Tiếng Anh 8 - Units 8: Country life and city life - Lê Thị Thanh Liễu - Trường THCS Tiên Thủy

GETTING STARTED

Work with a partner:

Make a list of the differences between the countryside and the city.

The word in the box may help you.

noisy

 

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Trường:THCS TIÊN THỦY§8. COUNTRY LIFE AND CITY LIFEAnh văn lớp 8GV: Lê Thị Thanh LiễuNăm học: 2009 - 2010GETTING STARTEDWork with a partner:Make a list of the differences between the countryside and the city.The word in the box may help you.CityCountrysideTall buildingBeautiful viewsFresh airKinds of goodsentertainmentsfriendlyFresh foodsTraffic jamSmall house/ cottageEasy travelQuiet/peacefulPollutionKinds of peoplemodernLack of entertainmentsnoisyUnit 8 – COUNTRY LIFE AND CITY LIFECOUNTRY LIFEUnit 8 – COUNTRY LIFE AND CITY LIFECITY LIFEUnit 8 – COUNTRY LIFE AND CITY LIFENew words:Accessible (adj):Drought (n):Flood (n):Migrant (n):Electricity (n):Peaceful (adj):Rural (adj):Urban (adj):Struggle (v):có thể tiếp cận, có thể sử dụng đượcnạn hạn hánlũ lụt, nạn lụtdân di trú, di cưđiện, điện lựcthanh bình, yên tĩnhthuộc về nông thônthuộc về thành phốđấu tranh, chiến đấuDroughtFloodUnit 8 – COUNTRY LIFE AND CITY LIFESpeakLook at the two pictures and talk about the changes of the townUse the words below:busy tall beautiful modern noisy dirty expensive1.The town is becoming busier and noisier.2.The traffic is becoming busy.3.The building are becoming taller, more beautiful and modern.4.The streets are getting dirty.5.Things are getting more expensive.Unit 8 – COUNTRY LIFE AND CITY LIFEListenFill in the missing words1. that2. this3. It’s4. where5. from6. coming7. week8. arriving9. Thursday10. late11. afternoon12. speak14. getRead1. Complete the summary. Use information from the passage13. my1.leaving2.home3.city4.urban5.city6.problem7.schools8.hospitals 9.problem 10.world 2. Find the word in the passage that meansa) of the countryside:b) as many as needed:c) become greater or larger:d) a great pressure:e) a terrible event:f) of the city or city life:ruralplentifulincreasestraintragedyurbanUnit 8 – COUNTRY LIFE AND CITY LIFEWriteOpeningDateClosingHeadingWriter’s addressBody of letterPut the outline for an informal letter in the correct orderUnit 8 – COUNTRY LIFE AND CITY LIFELanguage focusPresent progressiveForm:Am / is / are + V-ing1.To talk about actions happening at the moment of speaking.UsageThe present progressive is often used with the adverbs below: Ex: We are learning English now2.To talk fixed plan in the near the future.Ex: She is going to Brasil on Saturday.now, right now, at the moment, at present.3. Temporary action.Ex: I’m working in HCM city this month.4.Actions happening around at the moment of speaking(longer actions).Ex. My friend is preparing for his exam.5.Trends.Ex: More and more people are using their computers to listen to music.6. Repeated actions which are irritating to the speakerEx: She is always coming late.( with always, constanly, forever)Unit 8 – COUNTRY LIFE AND CITY LIFELanguage focusPresent progressiveForm:Am / is / are + V-ingAffirmative sentences:I am playing footballYou are playing footballHe (she) is playing footballWe are playing footballYou are playing footballThey are playing footballNegative sentences:I am not playing footballYou are not playing footballHe (she) is not playing footballWe are not playing footballYou are not playing footballThey are not playing footballInterrogative sentences (questions):Am I playing football?Are you playing football?Is he (she) playing football?Are we playing football?Are you playing football?Are they playing football?Unit 8 – COUNTRY LIFE AND CITY LIFELanguage focusPresent progressiveForm:Am / is / are + V-ingTo show change with: get / become + adjective.Get, as we shall see, has many different meanings whereas become basically indicates development of some kind. Get is more informal and is frequently used in speech; become is more formal and is more often used in writing. Ex. It’s becoming much warmer. She is getting fat.Forming Comparative and Superlative Adjectives Form the comparative and superlative forms of a one-syllable adjective by adding –er for the comparative form and –est for the superlative.One-Syllable AdjectiveComparative FormSuperlative FormtalltallertallestoldolderoldestlonglongerlongestUnit 8 – COUNTRY LIFE AND CITY LIFELanguage focusForming Comparative and Superlative Adjectives One-Syllable AdjectiveComparative FormSuperlative FormtalltallertallestoldolderoldestlonglongerlongestEx: Mary is taller than Max. Mary is the tallest of all the students. If the one-syllable adjective ends with a single consonant with a vowel before it, double the consonant and add –er for the comparative form; and double the consonant and add –est for the superlative form.One-Syllable Adjective Ending with a Single Consonant with a Single Vowel before ItComparative FormSuperlative FormbigbiggerbiggestthinthinnerthinnestfatfatterfattestForm the comparative and superlative forms of a one-syllable adjective by adding –er for the comparative form and –est for the superlative.Unit 8 – COUNTRY LIFE AND CITY LIFELanguage focusForming Comparative and Superlative Adjectives Two-Syllable AdjectiveComparative FormSuperlative Formpeacefulmore peacefulmost peacefulpleasantmore pleasantmost pleasantcarefulmore carefulmost carefulthoughtfulmore thoughtfulmost thoughtfulEx. This morning is more peaceful than yesterday morning.Max's house in the mountains is the most peaceful in the world. If the two-syllable adjectives ends with –y, change the y to i and add –er for the comparative form. For the superlative form change the y to i and add –est.Two-Syllable Adjective Ending with -yComparative FormSuperlative FormhappyhappierhappiestangryangrierangriestbusybusierbusiestEx.John is happier today than he was yesterday. John is the happiest boy in the world. With most two-syllable adjectives, you form the comparative with more and the superlative with most.Unit 8 – COUNTRY LIFE AND CITY LIFELanguage focusForming Comparative and Superlative Adjectives Two-Syllable Adjective Ending with -er, -le, or -owComparative FormSuperlative FormnarrownarrowernarrowestgentlegentlergentlestEx: The roads in this town are narrower than the roads in the city. This road is the narrowest of all the roads in California. Big dogs are gentler than small dogs. Of all the dogs in the world, English Mastiffs are the gentlest. Adjectives with three or more syllables. For adjectives with three syllables or more, you form the comparative with more and the superlative with most.Two-syllable adjectives ending in –er, -le, or –ow take –er and –est to form the comparative and superlative forms.Unit 8 – COUNTRY LIFE AND CITY LIFELanguage focusAdjective with Three or More SyllablesComparative FormSuperlative Formgenerousmore generousmost generousimportantmore importantmost importantintelligentmore intelligentmost intelligentForming Comparative and Superlative Adjectives Ex: John is more generous than Jack. John is the most generous of all the people I know. Exceptions.Irregular adjectives.Irregular AdjectiveComparative FormSuperlative FormgoodbetterbestbadworseworstfarfartherfarthestlittlelessleastmanymoremostAdjectives with three or more syllables. Unit 8 – COUNTRY LIFE AND CITY LIFELanguage focusForming Comparative and Superlative Adjectives Ex: Italian food is better than American food. My dog is the best dog in the world. My mother's cooking is worse than your mother's cooking. Of all the students in the class, Max is the worst. Irregular adjectives.Two-syllable adjectives that follow two rules. These adjectives can be used with -er and -est and with more and most.Two-Syllable AdjectiveComparative FormSuperlative Formclevercleverercleverestclevermore clevermost clevergentlegentlergentlestgentlemore gentlemost gentlefriendlyfriendlierfriendliestfriendlymore friendlymost friendlyquietquieterquietestquietmore quietmost quietsimplesimplersimplestsimplemore simplemost simpleEx: Big dogs are gentler than small dogs. Of all the dogs in the world, English Mastiffs are the gentlest. Big dogs are more gentle than small dogs. Unit 8 – COUNTRY LIFE AND CITY LIFEoften rainsisn’t rainingis changing1. I . . . . . . . . . . to the movie tonight. The film . . . . . . at 7.30.beginsam goingEXERCISES:gobeginPut the verb into the more suitable form: present progressive or present simple.2. The world . . . . . . . . . . . . .rapidly. Things . . . . . . . . . . . . the same.changenever staynever/stay3.We . . . . . . . . . . . a party next Saturday. Would you like to come?are having4. It . . . . . . . . . . . . .in summer, but it . . . . . . . . . . . . now.often/rainnot/rainhaveWrite the comparative or superlative form of the words in brackets.1. The weather is getting . . . . . . . . .(bad)worse2.It’s . . . . . . . . . . .day of the year.(short)the shortest3. London is . . . . . . . . . . . . .Birmingham.(big)bigger than4. I prefer this chair to the other ones. It’s . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .(comfortable)the most comfortable5. I like living in the countryside. It’s . . . . . . . . . . . . living in the townmore peaceful(peaceful)6. Who is . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .in the class?(clever)the cleverestUnit 8 – COUNTRY LIFE AND CITY LIFEYour homework:. Learn by heart the new words . Learn by heart the conjugation of the present progressive tense. . Learn by heart all the usage of the present progressive tense. . Answer these questions below:.where do you live?.where do you live?.What can you see from your window bedroom?.How far is it from your home to school?.How do you get to school?.What kinds of facilities are there in your neighborhood?.What things in your neighborhood do you like best?Unit 8 – COUNTRY LIFE AND CITY LIFETHANK YOU FOR YOUR ATTENTION!GOODBYE

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