Luyện tập về Đại từ quan hệ

1. WHO:

Thay thế cho danh từ hoặc cụm danh từ chỉ người và làm chủ từ trong câu phía sau:

Ví dụ 1: (Đây là người đàn ông . Người đàn ông là thầy của tôi)

 This is a man. The man is my teacher.

 This is the man WHO is my teacher.

Ví dụ 2: (Người đàn ông mà đến đây hôm qua là thầy của tôi.)

 The man WHO came here yesterday is my teacher.

2. WHOM:

Thay thế cho danh từ hoặc cụm từ chỉ cgười và làm túc từ trong câu phía sau:

Ví dụ 1: (Đây là người đàn ông . Bạn gặp ông ấy hôm qua)

 This is a man. You met him yesterday.

 This is the man WHOM you met yesterday.

Ví dụ 2: The man is my father. You saw the man yesterday.

 The man WHOM you saw yesterday is my father.

3. WHICH:

Thay thế cho danh từ chỉ thú vật , sự việc, vật và làm chủ từ lẫn túc từ trong câu phía sau.

Ví dụ 1: This is a dog. The dog is very big.

 This is the dog WHICH is very big.

Ví dụ 2: The dog is very big. It stands at the front gate.

 The dog WHICH stands at the front gate is very big.

Ví dụ 3: This is a book . You gave me the book yesterday.

 This is the book WHICH you gave me yesterday.

 

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party, ____________ seemed familiar.
A. some of whom 	B. some of who 	C. whom 	D. some of that
8.	My friend eventually decided to quit her job, ____________ upset me a lot
A. that 	B. when 	C. which 	D. who
9.	Is there anything else ____________ you want to ask?
A. what 	B. where 	C. whom 	D. that 
10.	They have just visited the town ____________ location was little known.
A. where 	B. whose 	C. which 	D. that
11.	He lives in a small town ____________. 	
A. where is called Taunton 	B. which is called Taunton	C. is called Taunton 	D.that called Taunton
12.	____________ want to get a good job have to have certain qualifications 
 and experience.
A. Who 	B. Those which 	C.Those who 	D. Those whom
13.	We have a lot of things that we have to do today.
A. doing 	B. to do 	C. done 	D. do
14.	The young man who lives next door is very kind to my family. 
A. to live next door	B. he lives next door 	
C. living next door 	D. lived next door
15.	There was no one for me to ask for help . 
A. I could ask for help 	B. when I could ask for help	
C. I could ask whom for help 	D. for that I could ask for help
16. "Have you ever met the man ________ over there?" "No. Who is he?"
 	A. stands 	B. standing 	
	C. is standing 	D. who he is standing
17. Tell me the countries. People drive on the left there.
A. Tell me the countries which people drive on the left there. 
B. Tell me the countries where people drive on the left there. 
C. Tell me the countries that people drive on the left there. 
D. Tell me the countries when people drive on the left there.
18. The man is my uncle. He is talking to Mr Brown. 
A.The man talking to Mr Brown is my uncle.
B.The man is talking to Mr Brown is my uncle. 
C.The man talks to Mr Brown is my uncle.
D.The man talked to Mr Brown is my uncle. 
19. The road which joins the two villages is very narrow. 
A.The road joins the two villages is very narrow.
B.The road joining the two villages is very narrow. 
C.The road joined the two villages is very narrow.
D.The road is joining the two villages is very narrow. 
20. Haywood is the village ________ .
A.where I was born in 	B.which I was born
C.in which I was born 	D.which I was born there
21. The coffee __________	in that restaurant was cold and tasteless.
	A. I drank it	B. that drank	
	C. which I drank it	D. I drank
22.The week ____ Mike went to camping was the wettest of the year.
	A.which	B.when	C.How	D.who
23. Which is the European country ____ economy is growing the fastest ?
	A.who	B.what	C.whose	D.that
24. Martin is someone with ____ I usually agree. 
	A. that	B. which	C. who	D. whom
25. Melanie was looking after a dog ____ leg had been broken in an accident.
	A. who	B. whose	C. that	 	D. what
26. I'd like to see the photo ____________ .
	A. took	B. you took it	C. that you took	D. that you took it 
27.There are people __________ no one cares.
	A. about which	B. who	C. for whom	 D. to whom
28. That is a problem, ____________ the government is now dealing. 
	A. to which	B. with which	C. with how 	D. which
29. It rained all the time, __________ was a great pity. 
	A. that	B. what	C. which	D. who
30. The Titanic,_________ , was supposed to be unsinkable. 
	A. that sinking in 1922	B. which sank in 1922 
	C. sink in 1922	D. that sank in 1922
31. Is that the lawyer to ___________ you spoke?
	A. who	B. what	C. whom	D. which
32. ____ are kept as pets in almost every country in the world. 
	A. Cats and dog which	B. which cats and dogs
	C. Cats and dogs	D. That cats and dogs
33. The book __________ my father is interested is very expensive.
	A. in which	B. which in	C. which	D. in that 
34. I enjoy taking a walk at night __________ the roads are quiet. 
	A. which	B. that	C. where	D. when
35. My car broke down, ____________ a real nuisance. 
	A. that was	B. which was	C. which were	D. where was
36. Do you remember the day __________ into this house? 
	A. that we moved	B. when we moved
	C. where we moved	D. A and B
37. The reason _______ I'm phoning you is to invite you to my birthday party.
	A. where	B. which	C. when	D. why
38. The house _______ he lives is very old.
	A. which	B. when	C. in which	D. then
39.I recently went back to the village school _______I studied in my chilhood.
	A. where	B. which	C. when	D. why
40. The girl living next to me is getting married next year.
	A. The girl that lives next to me is getting married next year. 
	B. The girl lives next to me is getting married next year.
	C. The girl lives next to me gets married next year.
	D. The girl who is living next to me getting married next year. 
41. "Is this the address to _________ you want the package sent ?"
 	A. where	B. that	 	C. which	 D. whom
42."Excuse me, but there is something about _____ immediately." "Certainly."
	A.which I must speak to you 	B.which I must speak to you about it
 	C. that I must speak to you about 	D. that I must speak to you
43. Most folk songs are ballads ____ have simple words and tell simple stories.
	A. what	B. whose	C. how	 D. that
44. A battery is a device _________ electricity by chemical means. 
	A. it produces	B. by which production of
	C. produces	D. which produces
45 I have three brothers, _________ are policemen.
 A. that all of them	B. who they all	
 C. all of whom	D. who all of them
46. The agreement ended 6 -month negotiation. It was signed yesterday.
	A.The agreement which ended 6-month negotiation was signed yesterday.
	B.The agreement which was signed yesterday lasted 6-month.
	C.The negotiation which lasted six month was signed yesterday.
	D.The agreement which was signed yesterday ended 6-month negotiation.
47. The novel "Tom Sawyer", ______ was written by Mark Twain, is my all-
 time favourite.
	A. that	B. what	C. which	D. who
48. Everything ______ they said was true.
	A. which	B. what	C. how	D. that
49. Yesterday she had to do a difficult English test for ______ she did not 
 prepare.
	A. it	B. that	C. which	D. what
50. _______ was a French Emperor, fought his final battle in Waterloo.
	A. Napoleon Bonaparte who	C. Napoleon Bonaparte, that
	B. Napoleon Bonaparte, who	D. Napoleon Bonaparte, whose
51. Vicky, __________ name was missed off the list, wasn’t very pleased.
	A. which	B. whom	C. whose D. who
52. The new computer system _____________	for the post office will allow 
 accounts to be managed over the Internet.
	A. design	B.designing	C. designed	 D.which designing
53. Many forest fires are caused by cigarettes ___________	out of cars.
	A. are throwing 	B. have thrown	C. throw	D. thrown
54. The man_________ part in the robbery refused to give any information.
	A. took	B. taking	C. to take	D. who take
55. The travel agent gave me a brochure _______ all the needed information.
	A. contains	B.to contain	C.containing	D.which contain
56.I read `The Old Man and the Sea ’, ________written by Ernest Hemingway.
	A. a novel	B. that is a novel	C. which	D. which has
57. Who is it_________is waiting at the gate?
	A. whom	B. he	C. which	D. that
II.Fill each blank with who, whom, whose, which, ..
He knows a lot of people ______ live in Dalat.
Where is the book ______ he gave you on your birthday ?
A deaf person is the one ______ is not able to hear.
I met the girl ______ you talked about last night.
This is the woman ______ daughter is a doctor .
I can’t come to your party, ______ is a pity
What’s the name of the girl ______ house has just been sold ?
The boy ______ broke the window was arrested.
The man ______ we met is working in my office.
The boy ______ sister works for your father is my classleader.
We will soon gather at the village ____________the festival is taking place.
Do you know the mane of the tourist ___________ came and talked about New Year in Canada?
I’m looking for a book ___________ tells us about traditional festivals of Asian people.
I couldn’t go to the show __________was held in Hoi An last summer.
This is the photo of a Hero ___________our teacher talked about in the lecture.
My brother has told me about the festival ___________ is held in Hue City every two years.
I recently visited the school __________ I used to study five years ago.
I couldn’t understand the dance ___________ I saw at the festival last spring.
I’m really intersted in the present __________ you gave me on my birthday.
Have you seen the photos __________ I took at the camp last week.
III.Choose the best answer:
He came and didn’t say anything, ______ worried all of us.
a. that	b. who	c. whom	d. which
Marie, ______ I met at the party, called me last night.
a. that	b. whom	c. which	d. whose
She’s the woman ______ sister babysits for us.
a. who	b. which	c. that	d. whose
The story --------- the teacher told us was very interesting.
a. who	b. whom	c. it	d. which
Do you know the girl ---------- is talking to them.
a. who	b. whom	c. which	d. she
The test -------- the teacher gave us yesterday was very difficult.
a. which	b. who	c. whom	d. it
The people -------- I met at his family were very nice.
a. who	 b. they	 c. whom	 d. which
Yoko told me about students __________ have taken the entrance exam 13 times.
	 a. who	b. whom	c. which	d. that
The secretary....................I talked to didn't know where the meeting was.
	a. which	b. whom	c. that	d. θ
 I need to talk to a person ......................you can trust. You will feel better if you do.
	a. whose	b. which 	c. whom	d. θ
Bob is the kind of person to...................one can talk about anything. 
	a. who	b. whom	d. that	d. him
He is a person...................friends trust him.
	a. who	b. his	c. that	d. whose
Fm looking for an electric can opener......................also can sharpen knives.
	a. who	b. which	c. that	d. θ
People .................. live in glass houses shouldn't throw stones.
a. who	b. whom	c. which	d. θ
The problems .................. Tony has seem insurmountable.
	a. what	b. he	c. that	d. θ
The man ............. I introduced you to last night may be the next president of the university.
	a. which	b. whom	c. that	d. θ
Cathy is trustworthy. She's a person upon ............... You can always depend.
	a. who	b. whom	c. that	d. θ
Your career should focus on a field in...............you are genuinely interested.
	a. which	b. what	c. that	d. θ
People ................. outlook on life is optimistic are usually happy people.
	a. whose	b. whom	c. that	d. which
Ms. Donaldson,................. teaches linguistics at the university, recently received recognition for her research.
	a. who	b. whom	c. which	d. that
The earth, ................ is the fifth largest planet in the solar system, is the third planet from the sun.
	a. who	b. whom	c. which	d. that
The check................I gave Oliver was for work he'd done for me.
	a. who	b. which	c. that	d. θ
Melanie was looking after a dog..............leg had been broken in an accident.
	a. which	b. whose	that	d. its
One of the people arrested was Mary Arundel, ................. is a member of the local council.
	a. that	b. who	c. whom	d. 0
The Titanic,................sank in 1922, was supposed to be unsinkable.
	a. whose	that .	 c. which	d. who
The Newspaper is owned by the Mearson Group, ....................... chairman is Sir James Bex.
	a. which	c. that	c. who	d. whose
She is one of the few people to ............. I look up.
	a. who	b. whom	c. that	d. 0
Genghis Khan, _________ name means “very mighty ruler”, was a Mongol emperor in the Middle Ages.
	A. whom 	B. whose	C. who 	D. how
 The children _____ sang at the Mayor's parade were from the local school.
	A. whose 	B. where C. who 	D. whom
The school programme _______ has been interrupted by revision tests requires a regular course study.
	A. whose	B. who	C. what	D. that	
The girl ______ dress you admire has been working for an export company since she left school.
	A. who	B. what	C. whose	D. whom
The young man ______ was released after the court was found innocent of all the charges against him.
	A. who	B. who he	C. which	D. whose
Is that the same film ______ we watched last year?
	A. when	B. which	C. why	D. who
The girl _____ I borrowed the dictionary asked me to use it carefully.
	A. whose	B. from whom	C. from whose	D. whom
The first television picture _________ John Logie Baird transmitted on 25 November, 1905 was a boy ______ worked in the office next to Baird's workroom in London.
	A. which / whom	B. who / which	C. that / whose	D. that / who
Joyce Bews, ______ was born and grew up in Portsmouth on the south coast of England, _______ she still lives, was 100 last year.
	A. that / in which 	 B. who / where	C. that / where	D. who / that
The pollution ______ they were talking is getting worse.
	A. that	B. about which	 	C. which	D. whom
Robert Riva, an Italian ____ used to play for Cremonese, now coaches the Reigate under 11's football team.
	A. when 	B. which 	C. where 	D. who
 When I was at school, there was a girl in my class ______ skin was so sensitive that she couldn't expose her skin to the sun even with cream on. 
	A. where 	B. whose 	C. whom 	D. that
 Unfortunately, the friend with ________ I intended to go on holiday to Side is ill, so I'll have to cancel my trip.
	A. who 	B. whom 	C. where 	D. that 
The new stadium, ____ will be completed next year, will seat 30,000 spectators.
	A. what 	B. where 	C. when 	D. which
Blenheim Palace, _____ Churchill was born, is now open to the public. 
	A. when 	B. where 	C. which 	D. whose
Review relative clause: (viết câu với đại từ quan hệ): theo các bước sau:
à Xác định danh từ ở mệnh đề 1
EX: I bought a cell phone(điện thoại di đợng). I can use it to send and receive message.
à Tìm từ hay cụm từ tương đờng ở mệnh đề 2
EX: I bought a cell phone(điện thoại di đợng). I can use it to send and receive message
à Bỏ từ hay cụm từ tương đờng, chọn đại từ quan hệ phù hợp (who, whom, which, ), đặt trước mệnh đề 2.
EX: I bought a cell phone(điện thoại di đợng). Which I can use it to send and receive message.
à Đem cả mệnh đề 2 đặt liền kề sau danh từ ở mệnh đề 1.
EX: I bought a cell phone which I can use to send and receive message.
* My uncle is a lawyer. you met him yesterday. à My uncle whom you met yesterday is a lawyer.
I bought a motor. I can use it to travel to work every day.
.
My cell phone has become necessary part of my life. I only bought it a month ago.
.
My roomate has never been on the Internet. She is afraid of computers. 
.
Some people dream of a job. They can do the job without technology.
.
The man is a computer expert. You were talking to him.
.
Some documents have been found. They were stolen from a car. 
..
Marta has a brother. Her brother’s name is Manuel.
..
The dog won the race. The dog is mine.
..
Show me the shoes. You bought them yesterday.
.
 10. Our school has a good laboratory. The students practise chemistry in this laboratory.
..
 11. Edward has just moved to France. His mother died last year.
.
 12 . That man looks very lonely. He lives in the next floor.
 13. It rained all night. That was good for the garden.
..
 14. The man is my father. I respect this man most.
..
 15. The house is empty now. I used to live there.
16.Tet is a festival. Tet occurs in late January or early February.
17.Auld Lang Syne is a song. Auld Lang Syne is sung on New Year’s Eve.
18.This watch is a gift. The watch was given to me by my aunt on my 14th birthday. 
19.My friend Tom can compose songs. Tom sings Western folk songs very well. 
20.We often go to the town culture house. The town culture house always opens on public holidays. 
21.I like reading books. Books tell about different peoples and their cultures. 
22.On my mom’s birthday my dad gave her roses. The roses were very sweet and beautiful. 
23.Judy liked the full moon festival very much. The festival is celebrated in mid- fall. 
24. Tomorrow I’ll go to the airport to meet my friends. My friends come to stay with us during the Christmas. 
25.I’m a boy. I’m wearing a white T-shirt.
26.My aunt Judy is the woman. She is holding Jack. 
27.Linda is the girl. She is giving my mom a present. 
28.My mom is the woman. She is sitting on the chair. 
29.Uncle John is the old man. He is standing behind Aunt Judy. 
30. Grandmother is the old woman. She is sitting next to Aunt Judy.
III. Choose the best answer.
Post office is a place ______ you can buy stamps, mail letters and packages, and receive mail.
a. that 	b. which 	c. where 	d. in which
Do you know the date ______ we have to hand in the essay?
a. which 	b. in which 	c. on that 	d. when
My uncle ______ you met yesterday is a lawyer.
a. which 	b. who 	c. whose 	d. to whom
The council is in discussion with Lord Thomas, ______ land most of the village is built on.
a, who 	b. whom 	c. whose 	d. that
These adults, ______ come to my night class, are very eager to learn.
a. whose 	b. who 	c. that 	d. when
Regina, ______ you have never met before, is a genius in painting.
a. that 	b. whose 	c. whom 	d. whoever
The paintings__________ Mr Flowers has in his house are worth around $ 100,000.
a. which 	b. whose 	c. what 	d. whom
Oxford, ______ attracts many tourists, is often crowded in the summer.
a. that 	b. which 	c. whose 	d. where
It's the best film ______ has ever been made about madness.
a. which 	b. whom 	c. whose 	d. that
She cycled from London to Glasgow, ______ is pretty good for a woman of 75.
a. that 	b. what	 	c. which 	d. where
Most folk songs are ballads ______ have simple words and tell simple stories.
a. what 	b. when 	c. where 	d. that
______ wins will go on to play Barcelona in the final. 
a. Who 	b. Whoever 	c. Which 	d. Whichever
I think the reason ______ we get on so well is that we both enjoy talking.
a. why 	b. which 	c. that 	d. what
Children ______ diets contain high levels of protein do better in examination.
a. who 	b. who 	c. whose 	d. Ø
I'm sure that Keith will do well at university, ______ one he goes to.
a. which 	b. whichever 	c. where 	d. wherever
IV. Combine the following pairs or groups of sentences using relative pronouns. 
Her many friends gave her encouragement. I like to be considered among them.
Her many friends _______________________________________
Her father died last year. She looked after him for over twenty years.
Her father _____________________________________________
The bed has no mattress. I sleep on this bed.
The bed _______________________________________________
There wasn't any directory in the telephone box. I was phoning from this box.
There wasn't ___________________________________________
I was sitting on a chair. It suddenly collapsed.
The chair ______________________________________________
Mr Smith said he was too busy to speak to me. I had come specially to see him.
Mr Smith _______________________________________________
I saw several houses. Most of them were quite unsuitable.
I ______________________________________________________
Graham took us to his office. It was filled with books.
The office _______________________________________________
Mr Marks is unhappy about the plans for the new dam. The stream flows across his farm.
Mr Marks _______________________________________________
They picked up five boat-loads of refugees. Some of them had been at sea for several months.
They ___________________________________________________
That is the man. He bought her car last month.
..
Those are the books. He has just bought them from the bookstore.
..
The students are from China, They are sitting in the front row.
..
I like the girl. I met met her at the party last night.
 ..
The boy is very happy, He won the race yesterday.
..
The teacher liked the composition. She wrote it last Monday.
..
The people are very friendly. We visited the two week ago.
..
The book is very interesting. It was written by Jane Austen.
..
The lady gave me good advice. I spoke to her an hour ago.
..
Is that the computer? Your father bought it last month?
..
V. Combine each pair of sentences, using RESTRICTIVE or NON-RESTRICTIVE REALTIVE CLAUSES, remember to put commas where necessary 
 1. The matter has been settled . You were arguing about it last night 
.................................................................................................................................................
 2. Mr nam is an experienced doctor. His house is near mine 
.................................................................................................................................................
 3. The records are mostly classical. He owns them 
.................................................................................................................................................
 4. A man brought in a small girl. Her hand had been cut 
.................................................................................................................................................
 5. That jogger practises in this park every morning. He is 70 years old 
.................................................................................................................................................
 6. Her father is a manager. He usually goes abroad 
.................................................................................................................................................
 7. She is the girl. He wants to win her heart 
.................................................................................................................................................
 8. William Shakepeare wrote “Romeo and Juliet”. He was born in Stratford- on – Avon
.................................................................................................................................................
 9. Beethoven was one of the world’s finest co

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